In 2016, DRDO was given funding of 340 crores for the Development of Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) weapon system which could be next big thing coming from India after induction of Mach 3 Capable supersonic BrahMos Anti-Ship Missile system which changed security scenario of warships operating in the Indian Ocean.

Exclusive details provided to tells why India’s Naval offensive warfare doctrine is about to get a major boost in upcoming years with the induction of the Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) against hostile underwater submarine force operating in the region. Continue reading


Leaked Internal documents suggest that development of WS-15 and WS-19 engines for its J-20 and J-31 5th Generation Stealth fighter jets is nowhere close to entering mass-scale production and will remain as experimental engines after Chinese engineers couldn’t resolve multiple technical issues with the engine and as per leaked documents both engines will be produced at small scale at a rate of 3-5 engines per year from 2020 till 2026 while both J-20 and J-31 continue to fly with under-powered engines of Russian origin.

China’s first Stealth fighter bomber J-20 which has entered scale production with PLAAF is still powered by Russian supplied AL-31F engines and some are equipped with WS-10B engines which are based on the CFM-56 aero-engine imported from the United States in the 1980s. Both AL-31F and WS-10B engines can generate 130-140 kilonewtons class of thrust but J-20 requires engines that can generate at least 180 kilonewtons class of thrust each due to which WS-15 engines have been in development for last few years. Continue reading


XRSAM of Left and Barak-8ER on Right

As soon as the first pictures of India’s upcoming XRSAM Air defense became viral in the defense community in India, many simply couldn’t ignore to talk about similarities of the missile system with the BARAK ER Integrated Air & Missile Defense System showcased by the Israel Aerospace Industries a few years back which basically was Barak’s dual pulse rocket motor mated to an additional booster for a range of 150 km with enhanced theater ballistic missile (TBM ) capabilities.

Is India’s XRSAM just MR-SAM/ LR-SAM with an additional booster? if yes then how it can claim a range of 350km and 250km when BARAK ER has a range of only 150km? , Well it seems to cut the production cost and reduce the developmental cycle, DRDO has decided to use the same air frames of the MR-SAM/ LR-SAM which are manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited locally in India for the XRSAM program also. Continue reading



DRDO for the first time has revealed details of the upcoming Air Missile Defence System which will be developed by Hyderabad-based Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) which is entrusted to develop a multi-disciplinary Missile System for India’s armed forces. DRDO website now has a section on the XRSAM program where it shared some interesting details along with the first graphics of the upcoming missile system.

XRSAM (eXtra Long Range Surface to Air Missile) Weapon system is been developed for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and according to DRDO, IAF has accepted the configuration offered by the DRDO with the capabilities to develop a Long Range Surface to Air Missile Weapon system to neutralize aircraft’s, Sea skimming Anti-ship missiles (AShM) and Ballistic missiles in the terminal stage. Continue reading


After being snubbed by stiff US export control laws on sharing of 5th generation fighter aircraft technologies, Japan has taken upon itself to develop most of the technologies required for the development of a 5th generation fighter jet to be called F-3 while it continues to induct American made F-35 Stealth fighter jets in good numbers.

According to latest media reports, F-3 design will be only confirmed in 2020 but it will much bigger aircraft then X-2 Shinshin Advanced Technology Demonstrator aircraft which flew in 2016 and many defense analysts predict that Japan is going for an F-22 class fighter jet which means it could have an MTOW of over 35 tonnes and to meet power demands of such Heavy class stealth fighter jet, Japan as developed and begun testing of XF-9-1 low-bypass turbofans developed by Ishikawa Heavy Industries (IHI). Continue reading


Earlier this year India and the United States have suspended cooperation on jet engine technology under the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) due to lack of progress of the joint working group which failed to make any progress due to stiff US export controls and General Electric which is not keen on transfer of its core proprietary technology to India.

General Electric is pushing for joint venture company, under the local license agreement allow the new JV to built and service derivative of the F-414 engines which were proposed to be used as a base to develop a new engine to power India’s 5th generation AMCA Stealth program, but minus its core technology which was sole reason why no agreement arrived yet, defense analysts close to say that even if the US government agrees to loosen its export control laws it simply can’t force a private engine manufacture to agree to its terms. Continue reading


After the Indian Air force (IAF) agreed to induct AMCA Mk1 with older Ge’s F414-INS6 engines with a combined thrust of 196 kN Thrust class instead of the required combined 220 kN Thrust class, IAF officials to have confirmed that breather given to the Mk1 program will allow time for finding a right partner joint venture partner to develop a customized engine for the AMCA program.

India has been having parallel talks with the United States and France for co-development of a new engine which can develop a 110 kN Thrust class engine suitable to operate in hot-humid climate conditions of India where the performance of engines is always below par and most of the time while operating from hot-humid conditions where there is noted drop of at least 10kN thrust. Continue reading


India’s first combat jet HF-24 ‘Marut’ is now long forgotten that many of my countrymen continue to doubt capabilities of our engineers and scientists when country talks about developing upgraded Tejas Mk1A, Mk2, TEDBF and AMCA combat jet programs making India the only country after china to have so many new fighter jet programs in the world for the first time that many are wondering are we are thinking of running before even we could walk?

HF-24 ‘Marut’ had created an Aerospace Industry which could have not been in a coma if the successor programs could have got approvals of then government and the users. my countrymen tend to forget that while HF-24 suffered due to under-powered engines it performed well and was prematurely retired from the force due to the availability of cheaper jets from foreign countries. Continue reading


Girish Deodhare, chief of the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) while speaking to Business Standard has confirmed that India’s most ambitious fighter program Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) is on track and the first aircraft will be ready for its first flight in 2025 after being under design stage for last 8 years.

AMCA scaled model showcased over the years will be getting radical changes to the design since now ADA has decided to incorporate Diverterless supersonic intake (DSI) and a full-scale model (1:1) of AMCA is being manufactured by VEM Technologies for stealth measurements will be sent to DRDO’s Orange facility for testing the stealth features. Continue reading


The Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal RKS Bhadauria spoke at Agenda AajTak on ‘IAF – The Way Ahead’ in a session named India First on 16 Dec 19. He laid out his vision on the IAF’s force structure and capability building in the decades ahead while underscoring the urgent need for indigenization for building a strong and self-reliant Defence capability.

Bhadauria said that while IAF calls the country’s AMCA program as a 5th Generation fighter jet but it will come with technologies which will be categorized as 6th generation technology which will come within next 10-20 years in the AMCA program, hinting that development cycle to keep AMCA technologically relevant will be an ongoing process even when it is ready for production in 2030. Continue reading


Girish Deodhare, chief of the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) has confirmed that ADA and HAL were asked by IAF to develop Tejas Mark 1A with capabilities and technology which will make it superior to the entire fleet of Pakistan Air force (PAF) including F-16 Block-52 and JF-17 Block-III with five new additional capabilities.

Tejas Mark 1A will be getting an AESA radar, air-to-air refueling capability, an external ECM pod, and improved avionics, aerodynamics, radar signature, ease of maintenance, etc. But Mark 1A will also be getting new and improved Digital flight control computer (DFCC) which was developed for the Mark 2 (MWF) program which significantly comes with a higher processing power thus allowing to add many more advanced capabilities in the quadruplex digital fly-by-wire Flight Control System (FCS). Continue reading


Girish Deodhare, chief of the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) has confirmed that MWF-Mk2 will come equipped with indigenously developed Uttam AESA radar from the start from 2022 when the aircraft will be rolled out for its first flight in 2023, he also confirmed that even though India’s state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has placed orders for ELM-2052 AESA fire control radars along with pod-mounted ELL-8222W (wideBand) self-protection jamming pod from Israeli’s ELTA, there is scope that Uttam will also be equipped on Tejas Mk-1A.

Deodhare also said that Uttam AESA Fire control Radar (FCR) which has been flying onboard LSP-2 has completed 11 successful test flights and within a couple of more years of flight testing it will be certified and it will be ready for production and will be available to be equipped on Tejas Mk-1A. Continue reading


Russian Federation Air Force (RFAF) Pilot flew in an Indian Light Combat Aircraft trainer for a familiarization sortie and demonstration of the operational & avionics capabilities of the indigenously developed LCA-Tejas aircraft. RFAF personals are in India as part of the INDRA – 2019 Joint Tri-Services Exercise between Indian and Russian Armed Forces which is being conducted from 10-20 December 2019 simultaneously at Pune and Gwalior for Air Force elements.

Russian pilot after take-off, took control of the LCA-Tejas trainer for a few minutes as informed to and later showcased flight characteristics of the fighter aircraft. LCA-Tejas aircraft are becoming part of all major air-exercise of the air force off late which many see this has the validation of the aircraft and maturity of its combat capabilities. Continue reading


From HAL’s initial quote of Rs 463 crore ( $64.5), the Price for final contract price has now fallen to Rs 310 crore ( $43.6 ). In September media reports had hinted that 417 crores ($58.1) per unit cost in fly-away condition minus its weapons system was agreed upon but as per the latest report by Business Standard, price agreed is Rs 310 crore ( $43.6 ) which is good 32% cheaper then what was quoted by HAL before price negotiation committee was formed.

In comparison to its competitor in the segment, AESA equipped Tejas Mk-1A is still cheaper than Gripen C which costs $63.4 million per unit without AESA Fire control Radar which is only offered on its Gripen E Model which has per unit cost of $85 million. The current deal includes 73 Single Seater Tejas Mk-1A and 10 Tejas Mk1 Trainer. IAF already has placed orders for 8 Tejas Mk1 Trainers in first order for 40 jets which will be manufactured along with 10 more Trainer ordered by IAF first before Tejas Mk1A delivery starts in 2023. Continue reading


                          Su-57E was displaced with engine cowlings

Rostec officials have confirmed that Indian officials have been getting a regular briefing on the progress of the fifth-generation Su-57 fighter jet program from them and are still hopeful that India will be among the first few countries who will procure Stealth Su-57E fighter jets from Russia in near foresee, as per information provided to, Russia is keen to address issues pointed out by IAF with the aircraft as it gears up to mass manufacture the aircraft for the Russian air force.  

Su-57 has conducted 16 flights with the second stage engine known as Item 30 which comes equipped with a fully electronic automatic control system and ensures the fighter’s super-maneuverability, thrust-to-weight ratio, stealth characteristics and the ability to perform cruising flights at supersonic speed. Continue reading