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SOURCE: RAMANPREET SINGH / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

China, India, and, to some extent, Japan are the three giants in Asia that will eventually clash over influence in the region. We are already seeing friction between India and China in the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean. While China and Japan are having tensions over islands in the East China Sea. China has the largest GDP in the region. The entire country is under the Communist Party of China (CCP) with Xi Jinping as its undisputed leader. China wants to be the greatest global power and compete with the United States for that title.

However, to fight the US in the world arena, it must first gain control over Asia. That very goal is what is causing tensions in the region. China is actively trying to undermine Japanese influence in the region. At the same time, it is actively trying to subdue India into a lesser power, despite India being a major player in the region. Let us first explore the current situation, and then consider possible solutions.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

India has protested Pakistan’s plans to make Gilgit-Baltistan as a separate fifth province, which is the same status as a full-fledged state back in India which for the first time affects the geopolitics of the disputed area after the instrument of accession a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947.

Pakistan’s Political Oppositions is divided over proposed plans to make Gilgit-Baltistan as a separate fifth province and many have raised legitimate concerns which Prime Minister Imran Khan and the Bajwa backed by a deep state called Establishment in Pakistan seems to be ignoring it, but the fault lines which is going to emerge will be very difficult for India to ignore and not explore it to create turmoil and use it for India’s advantage in the long term to settle Kashmir dispute as per India’s long term strategic vision.

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SOURCE: VISHAL KARPE / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

IMAGE COURTESY @ KUNTAL BISWAS

According to US media reports, the United States has flown a new jet which it calls as Next Generation Air Dominance (NGAD) demonstrator for the 6th generation program which is still supposedly in its conceptual stages. The United Kingdom on other hand has announced plans to develop a sixth-generation fighter called the Tempest. both of this programs are still in the initial stages of design and concept stages but both programs promise to move away from traditional weapons and gradual transition to the next generation weapons which means the development of next-generation weapons and then arming them on this jets is what will make them 6th generation jets rather than only to measured on Stealth and avionics even though it will be a key milestone for the programs.

NGAD and Tempest programs will move from concept to prototype stage by 2025-2030 time frame and move from prototype to production stage from 2035 onwards which fits with the 15-year time frame usually used as a standard for the completion of development, trials, and testing of the new jet in western countries. But what will make 6th generation fighter jets stand out from 5th generation fighter jets will not only be some radical airframe designs which have been showcased or improved jet engines and avionics and multi-sensor architecture but next-generation weapons like Hypersonic, swarming technology, and Direct energy-based weapons which are reaching inching towards the maturity stage after been in development for decades. 

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SOURCE: RAMANPREET SINGH / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Indian Defence Ministry is an arm of the Government of India which handles defence of the nation. Indian Defence Ministry controls all agencies that are involved in defence or defence-related work. The ministry has an annual estimated budget of 66 Billion USD for the year 2020. The current head of this ministry is defence minister Rajnath Singh. It was formed in 1947 after Independence and has slowly expanded as more organisations were created to safeguard the border. However, there is inherently a critical flaw with the organisation which is the people who run this organisation.

The Indian Defence Ministry is run by bureaucrats rather than defence officials. Most other nations around the world let military officials run departments/Ministry of Defence. This is done to give armed forces the required power to meet the threats of the future without facing massive bureaucratic obstacles. Having military officers reporting to a defence ministry run by defence officials, allow for a smoother flow of information and threat assessments. For example, the US has the Department of Defence (DoD) commonly known as Pentagon, and is run by military officials. They are responsible for the defence of the United States and its interests. The Pentagon has departments for each armed forces, intelligence services, and run by military officers coordinating on defence activities. This, however, is not the case with India.

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SOURCE: DINESH BEHARA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Once the world’s most peaceful disputed border for over five decades, The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is not the same now. The violent skirmishes between the Indian army and PLA at Galwan valley has changed the narrative. The Subsequent deployment of forces by both sides is a matter of concern. After the quid pro quo by the Indian army, the on-going disengagement talks don’t look like to be reached to an agreement soon, even after the consensus reached by the foreign ministers at the sidelines of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). There is very little time for both India and China to reach the consensus. Hence Indian armed forces are preparing to embrace the harsh winter on the altitudes.

If the situation remains grim and any unusual event-will lead to more clashes or limited tit-for-tat reciprocal operations. In that case one of the concerns is the need for weapon systems at such altitudes. China has deployed its Type 15 lightweight tanks in the region, with its 105-millimeter caliber armor-piercing main gun, advanced fire control systems, and at approximate 36 tons weight, claiming that it can outgun any other light armored vehicles in high altitude regions.

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SOURCE:  ANAND SG / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Martin-Baker confirmed that the company developed PK16LE ejection seat carried out the first successful ejection from the ill-fated JF-17 Block-2 Tail Number 17-241 which crashed near Pindigheb, Attock in Pakistan while the ill-fated aircraft was on a routine training sortie. Martin-Baker said that they never celebrate the loss of any aircraft but the first successful ejection of any seat program gives them enormous sense of pride on its products and Pilot’s life saved.

PAF in its official statement and most of the Pakistani media channels have not mentioned the Type of aircraft which went down recently but the OSNIT community was able to confirm from the Tail Number that it was a JF-17 Block-2 aircraft. Martin-Baker confirmation for the first time also confirms that the Second JF-17s crash which took over the Arabian Sea on 27 Sept 2016 while carrying out a Night sortie resulted in a fatality which again was never covered in Pakistani media.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

IMAGE COURTESY KUNTAL BISWAS

The major highlight of the recent test of the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) by DRDO was the showcase of the indigenous scramjet engine that has gained maturity and will now be moving to the second phase of the testing in 2021 when the scramjet engine will be tested for a longer duration. According to media reports, the locally developed scramjet engine demonstrated over 20 seconds in flight sustained hypersonic combustion where it achieved over 2km per second speed, where it roughly covered nearly 40km in Mach 6 speed.

2021 will see a repeat of the HSTDV being tested for a longer duration of 60-180 seconds with sustained hypersonic combustion in Mach 6 speed regime but for it to move to a Hypersonic Cruise Missile (HCM) Prototype stage then the upcoming missile will require a scramjet engine which can sustain hypersonic combustion in Mach 6 speed regime for about 3-4 minutes for 500km range but ultimately aim for the DRDO could be to achieve 1000km range when the program officially starts.

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SOURCE:  ANAND SG / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

5 Rafale’s or 500, Pakistan is ‘Absolutely Ready’ For India was the official answer of Pakistan’s DG ISPR when asked about their country’s answer to the Indian procurement of the Dassault Rafale. Pakistani military analysts and former Pakistan Air Force pilots are pretty much convinced that Chinese made PL-15 BVRAAMs on JF-17 Block-III fighter jets gives them an absolute edge over the Indian Dassault Rafale fighter jet because of the so-called deadly combo of alleged 200 km range of the PL-15 with AESA Radar of the JF-17 Block-III.

Off late Pakistani media with its panelist have been eager to dismiss the Rafale threat and have been boosting how capable JF-17 Block-III will be that it can take on IAF. Not many tactical arguments have been seen but the majority of the boosting has been coming from retired PAF Air Marshall Shahid Latif who was program director of the JF-17 fighter jet and was among the first pilot to ferry F-16 from the USA to Pakistan in the late ’80s.

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SOURCE: VIDHI BUBNA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

While the much anticipated Chandrayaan 2 mission (2019) successfully put an orbiter around Earth’s moon, it however failed to land its rover Pragyan on the moon’s surface, a loss not just on the scientific and economic front but one that was equally emotional and heartbreaking for every Indian.

While the country was still reeling from the loss, there came in different stories questioning the leadership in the organisation. While many might argue that the internal politics of the organisation should have nothing to do with the success or failure of any mission but the very fact that the ethics and the scientific temperament might have been undermined for personal gains or non-professional differences is something that needs to be questioned. It is also important because ISRO is one of the world’s only organisations to have achieved scientific breakthroughs and hopefully continue to do so and the intersection of politics and science at the same place might be dangerous and intellectually regressive for anyone associated with it.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

After the Trump administration cleared the sale of 66 F-16V to the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) and also cleared the path of upgrading its current fleet of 115 F-16s jets to the Dash-5 Upgrade configuration, Reports by Tawainese media have emerged after the supply of 66 F-16V ROCAF plans to resale its 54 Dassault Mirage 2000-5EI to an existing operator due to they are expensive to maintain and ROCAF has no budget left for them to be upgraded since their induction in 1992.

Taipei’s focus on US systems at the expense of the more costly French jets has been widely criticized by the French side but Taiwanese Defence officials have acknowledged that the parts and supplies needed to maintain them were more expensive than those needed for the indigenous aircraft and the F-16s as more of the island’s shrinking defence budget was earmarked for US weapons.

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SOURCE: HIMANSU SWAIN/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

First at Galwan& now at Chushul, PLA isn’t in mood to de-escalate the military build-up across LAC. They are deliberately intensifying the heat on border after observing Indian economy facing severe GDP downfall during COVID-19 Pandemic. They will keep amplifying the rate of incursion into Indian Territory unless India Govt succumbs to CCP leadership & acknowledges them superpower in place of USA.

That’s why, they are coming with two options. Either India accepts Chinese hegemony in the world through easy way or they would exercise hard option to punish India through military assaults. They have already analysed India’s Strong points & loopholes across border & now they are preparing for assault.

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SOURCE: NARAYAN APTE/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Pakistani Defence Analysts have urged Pakistani Military Establishment to capture Siachen and Kargil from India if Indo-China War breaks out when Indian forces are distracted by war on their Eastern side with China. Many Pakistani analysts see this as a Golden opportunity for the Pakistani Military Establishment to open a second front against the Indian Army to take back areas that they believe are rightfully theirs.

In 1984, Under Operation Ababeel wanted to capture g tactical high ground by controlling 70 kilometers long of the Siachen Glacier, its tributary glaciers, and three main passes of the Saltoro Ridge but the Indian Army got wind of it and launched Operation Meghdoot in April 1984 to pre-empt Operation Ababeel. 

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi in his recent visit to China briefed Chinese leadership about the New Political Map of Pakistan which included the whole area of the Indian side of Jammu and Kashmir but had no frontier defined in Indian Ladakh sector and also later Qureshi also explained that the purpose of his recent visit was to “understand [China’s] current state of mind and gauge their stance on India”.

According to Pakistani media, Qureshi also asked Chinese support and help in Kashmir Push at the International stage and in return, the Chinese leadership has made some Pathbreaking suggestions to the Pakistani government which they think will be able to put International pressure on India. Chinese apparently have told Qureshi that the Kashmir issue is inching towards a final settlement soon and recent border clashes with India near the Galwan area were to have upper hand in settlement dialogue.

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SOURCE:  MAHESHA M / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Abhijit Iyer-Mitra a senior fellow at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies has said that Amerian Military Analysts and fellow researchers are sure that a second aircraft had gone down in Pakistani occupied Kashmir (POK) last year along with Mig-21Bis which was piloted by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman who was later ejected and was captured in POK.

Even though they don’t agree with IAF claim that it was an American build F-16 but rather seems to be convinced that it was a Chinese build JF-17 in the vicinity which was shot down. Varthaman had confirmed that it was an IRST seeker of the R-73 missile which confirmed a lock of a target which is why he had fired the missiles, 30 seconds prior he was shot down by an F-16 with an AIM-120C-5 AMRAAM.

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SOURCE: NARAYAN APTE/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

When Democratic Party’s presidential nominee Joe Biden named California Senator Kamala Harris as his running mate this week a wave of excitement swept through India. Her heritage gave the Indian public cause to celebrate but not much cheer was seen from the present dispensation in the power corridors of India which have largely remained mum and in past have supported the current President Donald Trump.

Jeremy Bowling an American Political Analyst who sides with India on American foreign policies has warned Indian-American communities in the states against voting her just based on Indian Heritage connection which she has for long didn’t associate her self with and vocally considers her self as Black-American. Bowling believes that Kamala Harris almost joined the “the Squad” which has hardcore Pro-Islamic members of Congress like Ilhan Omar, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Ayanna Pressley, and Rashida Tlaib who have many times expressed their Anti-India and Pro-Islamic Views.

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