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SOURCE: KR RAMESH KUMAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

KSS III submarine

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) proposed a conventional attack submarine (SSK) design but the proposal was rejected by the Directorate of Naval Design (DND), which was revealed by Saurav Jha, Editor-in-Chief of Delhi Defence Review. This seems to be the second rejection of the indigenous conventional attack submarine first being two designs of Super Kalvari class with and without air-independent propulsion (AIP) technology embedded.

Project-75I is heading to a single vendor situation with only a South Korean offer of KSS-III submarine design with Indian specific requirements seems to be a clear winner unless the Indian Navy learns how Koreans developed KSS-I, which itself was based on Type 209 diesel-electric attack submarine that was license-built from Germany in the country.

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SOURCE: KR RAMESH KUMAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Indonesia had to abandon its plans to purchase Sukhoi Su-35 ‘Flanker-E’ multirole combat aircraft from Russia and go for the Rafale jets from France due to fears of American sanctions on the country. Indonesia is not alone many countries are having second thoughts of buying Russian and Chinese jets just not to upset Americans and with Russian troop build-up near Ukraine that might ultimately lead to border clashes, Russian weapons companies might face more restrictions in near future.

The export of fighter jets will put many more countries in a spot as many traditional allies of Russia will be wary of choosing a side and many might resort to buying from countries like France, Britain, or India to meet their fighter and trainer jet requirements.

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SOURCE: IDRW NEWS NETWORK

The French company Dassault will complete setting up its Rafale fighter aircraft servicing center at its upcoming facility at the Dassault Reliance Aerospace Limited (DRAL) at the Mihan SEZ in Nagpur by end of 2022 or early 2023. New Facility will cater to Indian Air Force and also to the South-Asian customers in near future but the grounds are being prepared that could lead to the assembly of Rafale jets in India to meet export demands as the backlog of orders pile up after recent orders from UAE and Indonesia.

Reliance Infrastructure is the majority shareholder in the 51:49 JV in DRAL but Dassault is planning to seek 100 percent ownership of DRAL before it can start plans to assemble Rafale jets in India. DRAL will be able to assemble two Rafale jets per month and 24 in a year that will match the present production capability in France. Most of the jets will come in the CKD (Completely Knocked Down) forms only to be assembled in India.

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SOURCE: RAUNAK KUNDE / NEWS BEAT / IDRW.ORG.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Bengaluru-based technology start-up NewSpace Research and Technologies (NRT) have completed the feasibility study and the first sub-scale prototype will fly by Q3 of 2022 as per the latest media report.

HAL has asked for 50 crores for the development of the sub-scale prototype that will validate the technologies and design before work on the 500kg High-altitude pseudo satellite (HAPS) will begin soon after and will be ready for developmental trials in the next 4 years.

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SOURCE: RAUNAK KUNDE / NEWS BEAT / IDRW.ORG.

India has issued a third Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) for this year for a launch of an experimental flight vehicle in the Bay of Bengal this month for the period from 26-27 February 2022 as per information provided by Twitter user @detresfa_. The designated area is 170 km in length and 95 km in width which indicates it might be a test of either long-range air to air missiles or an upgraded version of the ground-based air defense missile.

DRDO designed Astra Mk2 beyond visual range air to air missile with a range of 160km is waiting for its first developmental trials after completion of captive and separation trials onboard Su-30MKI aircraft that have been modified for the program.

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SOURCE: RAUNAK KUNDE / NEWS BEAT / IDRW.ORG.

The majority of the Malaysian defense Analytics seems to agree that India’s LCA-Tejas and Turkey’s Hurjet light attack jet are two frontrunners that are leading the race with Korean offer being distant third while Chinese offer of the JF-17 is more or less out after diplomatic tensions between two countries in the global tender for 18 Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) that was floated by the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) last year.

HAL and Turkish Aerospace are the only companies that have met all the logistics and technical parameters set by the air force and RMAF is also highly impressed by the LCA-Tejas flight demonstration that was held on the sideline of the LIMA-2019 but aggressive Turkish diplomacy and Islamic connections between the two countries might come into play which might result into RMAF going for a plane that is yet to be rolled out let alone which is flying.

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SOURCE: IDRW NEWS NETWORK

In 2018, India successfully test-fired its nuclear-capable Dhanush ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km from a naval ship off the Odisha coast. Dhanush, a naval variant of India’s indigenously-developed Prithvi missile was tested as a part of the training exercise by the SFC of the Indian Navy, but the actual objective of the project was always to validate key technologies that can be later adapted for anti-ship roles.

Dhanush missile remained a technological demonstrator for validating many of the basic requirements to develop an anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) system but now DRDO has started work on a new Agni-P ASBM Variant that could be Game-changer not only in the Indian ocean but in the region.

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SOURCE: RAUNAK KUNDE / NEWS BEAT / IDRW.ORG.

National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) has confirmed to idrw.org that the High-altitude platform station (HAPS) that their working on is funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIR-NAL has embarked on the project to demonstrate Proof-of-Concept for solar-powered, fixed-wing High Altitude Platforms that can operate at an altitude of 20 km, in the stratosphere, above the weather, 24/7, for six months at a time.

The NAL developed HAPS can carry out tasks from surveillance to telecom, earth observation, geoinformation, and climate research. CSIR-funded project is carrying out research, detailed design, engineering development, and manufacturing of two prototypes, a subscale (1:3) vehicle which would demonstrate Reynolds number equivalent flight at 3km altitude and a full-scale prototype which would demonstrate flight at 20km.

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SOURCE: RAUNAK KUNDE / NEWS BEAT / IDRW.ORG.

French company Dassault Aviation already has handed over the last three Rafale with India-specific enhancements (ISE) a few days back that have 13 hardware and software changes that India had asked for. IAF will start its ferry flight to India later this week as last of all contracted 36 jets will have been delivered to India that was signed in 2016.

All the 13 ISE are already certified by the concerned authorities and this will be incorporated into all 33 jets that were previously delivered to IAF in the coming weeks with the major part will be the incorporation of some components by a team of Dassault Engineers in India.

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SOURCE: NARAYAN APTE/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

India’s $5.7 Billion program to acquire a new line of six attack submarines under Project 75 (I) is on verge of collapse, yet again as 5 out of 6 foreign OEMs have already withdrawn their commercial offer due to commercial terms of the Indian Navy’s Request for Proposal (RFP) and some due to lack of failure to meet the key tender technical requirement to have a proven fuel cell-based Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system backed by lithium-ion battery technology.

ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) of Germany and Swedish firm SAAB have withdrawn from the Project 75 (I) citing difficulties in the transfer of key technologies and Intellectual Property (IP) while the Naval Group of France, Rosoboronexport of Russia, and Navantia of Spain have been disqualified at the Technical round due to lack of proven fuel cell-based Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system, that means Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Company of South Korea is the only company left in the one-sided race.

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SOURCE: JOYDEEP GHOSH / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

The Indian Army currently operates five no’s of K9 Vajra T155mm/52 caliber Self-Propelled Howitzer(SPH) regiments. Each regiment is equipped with 18 guns and two reserve units totaling 100 guns. These guns were acquired by the Army under the initial contract signed with joint venture of South Korean defense company Hanwha Defense and L&T in May 2017.The contract to deliver 100 K-9 Vajra T SPH worth Rs 4,500 crore was signed for delivery to the army by 2022.

L&T which built these SPH at the Hazira, Gujarat plant delivered them before time with Indian Army receiving the 100th cannon in February 2021.The guns were acquired ostensibly for use in Punjab’s plains and Rajasthan’s semi-desert terrain along the Pakistan India international border. Impressed by the performance talks were on to procure 40 more of such SPH for Indian Army. what happened to that contract no one knows for sure.

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SOURCE: IDRW NEWS NETWORK

India is trying to build a strong domestic defense-industrial base and become a major arms exporter, with the government setting an ambitious annual export target of $5 billion by 2025, ADA, the primary nodal aircraft design institute in the country will be seeking funds close to $5 billion for the development of 5th Generation AMCA, Deck-based TEDBF for Navy, Tejas Mk2 for the air force and Remote Strike attack vehicle and Futuristic Unmanned Fighter Aircraft (FUFA).

While Indian Air Force is keen on acquiring 114 jets under its Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft (MRFA) Tender with Dassault Rafale leading the race but procuring 114 jets in a single deal could mean IAF will have to max out its capital expenditure funds for the next 7-8 years with little or funds left to procure domestically manufactured jets or make payments for the previous purchase like for S-400 system and soon for C-295 purchase.

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SOURCE: RAUNAK KUNDE / NEWS BEAT / IDRW.ORG.

The public sector undertaking Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has been granted permission for the development of the indigenous High Altitude Pseudo-Satellite (HAPS) as part of the Combat Air Teaming System program for the defense forces as confirmed by Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar.

HAL in collaboration with NAL and Private sector company Newspace Research and Technologies Pvt Ltd had proposed the development of HAPS called CATS Infinity in Aero India 2021. HAL will first develop a scaled prototype for which NAL already has started testing lightweight electric motors that will be powered by high-density rechargeable Lithium-Sulphur batteries that will use solar panels on the HAPs to recharge them in the day and use batteries at night that will allow it to remain in the air for 2-3 months at a time without landing back.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

India ordered 36 Dassault Rafale warplanes from France in 2016 and has received 33 of the contracted 36 and 3 already been handed over to India in France while it waits for their Journey back home. Since the 2016 deal with India, France has managed to get Four more countries who have signed up and placed orders for a combined 194 Rafale that includes some used French air force transfers and follow-up orders from Egypt and Qatar who brought 30 and 12 units after the Indian order.

Dassault Aviation is raising Rafale fighter jet production at its main assembly location at Merignac near Bordeaux in southwestern France to 22 per year and there exists a possibility that it will eventually touch 30 per year to meet demands but with a backlog of close to 200 fighter jets and likely more deals to be concluded in coming years it will take on average 4-5 years after placing orders for India to get its new batch of Rafales.

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SOURCE: PARSHURAM/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

As the blessings of in-house R&D and Indigenous Manufacturing, Brand-new variants of the LCA Tejas just keep on coming. After Tejas Mk-1A, Tejas LIFT, Tejas MAX, the newest member of the family seems to be Tejas EW. There’s something wonderful about this whole development which could prove to be a “Gamechanger” for the Indian Defence Industry.

It can be that we’re a bit late in the era of Airborne EW. But what we will be doing with the Tejas EW, is that we will be pioneering a new category of EW Aircrafts – The Lightweight Category. Be it the Italian M-346, Russian Yak-130, S Korean FA-50, British Hawk-200, or Chinese JL-10 – None of them have a dedicated EW variant yet in service.

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