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In a momentous event held at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was showcased Rusable Launch Vehicle Autonomous Landing Mission (RLV LEX), christened as Puspak. This unveiling marks a significant stride in India’s space exploration endeavors, showcasing the nation’s burgeoning capabilities in aerospace technology and innovation.

The RLV, now named Puspak, represents a groundbreaking initiative by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) aimed at revolutionizing space transportation. At its core, the RLV is designed to achieve autonomous landing capabilities, thereby enabling the reusability of launch vehicles—a feat that promises to redefine the dynamics of space missions.

Central to the functionality of the fully developed Reusable Launch Vehicle is its capacity to deploy satellites into orbit and return to Earth by executing precise landings on designated runways. Unlike conventional launch vehicles that are typically discarded after a single use, the RLV embodies a paradigm shift by offering reusability as its defining feature.

The technological prowess of the RLV lies in its streamlined design, consisting of only two stages to propel the vehicle into orbit. Upon the depletion of fuel in the initial stage, the vehicle efficiently sheds it, seamlessly transitioning to the second stage for continued propulsion. The discarded first stage then undergoes autonomous re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, culminating in a precision landing at a predetermined location.

The strategic implications of developing a Reusable Launch Vehicle are manifold. Not only does it promise to significantly reduce the costs associated with space missions, but it also enhances the efficiency and sustainability of space exploration endeavors. By enabling the recovery and refurbishment of launch vehicle components, the RLV fosters a more economical and environmentally conscious approach to space travel.

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