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In a significant leap towards bolstering maritime surveillance capabilities, India has introduced the ‘KSHITIJ’ X-Band Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar. Developed by the Electronics & Radar Development Establishment (LRDE), this cutting-edge radar system is set to be a cornerstone in India’s maritime patrol efforts, enhancing the detection and monitoring of maritime activities.

The KSHITIJ radar is an advanced system designed for superior maritime surveillance. It features AESA technology, which offers several advantages over traditional radar systems, including faster target detection, improved tracking accuracy, and greater resistance to electronic countermeasures. This technology enables the radar to scan large areas quickly and efficiently, providing real-time data critical for maritime security operations.

The integration of the KSHITIJ radar is part of a broader indigenization program focused on the Dornier Do-228 aircraft, a versatile platform used extensively by the Indian Armed Forces for surveillance and reconnaissance missions.

The integration process will include not only the KSHITIJ radar but also a suite of sophisticated payloads such as:

  • Electronic Support Measures (ESM): Enhances the aircraft’s ability to detect, intercept, and analyze electronic signals, providing critical intelligence on enemy communications and radar emissions.
  • Electro-Optical Infrared (EOIR) Systems: Offers high-resolution imaging capabilities, allowing for detailed visual and thermal reconnaissance.
  • Software-Defined Radio (SDR): Ensures flexible and reliable communication across various frequency bands, enhancing the aircraft’s operational effectiveness.

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has designated a Flight Test Bed (FTB), specifically the Do-228 aircraft with tail number KD707, for payload installation and rigorous evaluation. This aircraft will undergo extensive trials to assess the performance of the KSHITIJ radar and other integrated systems in various operational scenarios.

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