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SOURCE: SATYAJEET KUMAR/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

A week before when India’s Homegrown LCA-Tejas fighter jet tested and cleared Israeli Python-5 fifth-generation close combat air-to-air missile for operational use in combat, Chinese JF-17 Block-III was sported flying with Chinese PL-10 short-range, close combat air-to-air missile that still shares some lineage with the Israeli Python air to air missile family, thanks to the transfer of technology that happened in the ’80s between Israel and China in the supply of Python-3 that later became PL-8 in PLAAF.

PL-8 was Python-3 that was license-produced locally in China that was termed as 3.5Gen close combat air-to-air missile that found its way into PL-9 that was a successor to the PL-8 but carried much of the Israeli technology including its using the same airframe, rocket motor, proximity fuze, and warhead but had better having a higher off-boresight capability of 40 degrees that was much better than 30 degrees off-boresight capability found in Python-3/PL-8 and had higher High resistance to countermeasures. PL-8 and PL-9 are still seen on PLAAF fighter jets confirming that they still are operational.

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SOURCE: DINESH BEHARA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

Have you ever wondered how the United States is a global superpower or the former Soviet Union? Because they have or had the ability to project their firepower anywhere on the globe. Be it the blue water navy or outreach of their Air force. On the Naval front, United States was focused on Aircraft carriers and USSR on Nuclear Submarines. On Airpower both were somewhat equally capable. One of the important qualities of projection of power is the deployment of assets, logistics, reinforcement of arms, ammunition, etc.

We know, how the United States projects its power through its excellent logistics and most of the credit goes to USAF transport capabilities, it operates the most number of military transport aircrafts in the world. Transport aircraft are capable of carrying troops, deploying artillery, supplying fuel, food, etc. Not all nations in the world can manufacture a transport aircraft by themselves. So, transport aircraft defines the level of development of aeronautical technologies of a country. Since the paradigm of the balance of power is changing with the rise of China. Which is increasingly competing with the USA, be it on geopolitics, military, or even on technology. So even China is aware of the fact that to develop their military on par or greater than the United States. as we know, now that the transport capabilities are an important factor in the game of power projection, what is China’s response, the answer is Xian-Y20 aircraft – simply nicknamed ‘Chubby Girl’. But what’s the big deal about it.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

IMAGE COPYRIGHT WITH RESPECTED OWNERS

We all know India is the last to join the 5th generation bandwagon but to make up for the lost time and to keep pace with the fast-changing development of 5+ generation technologies and the possibility of at least a few countries starting the process of development of 6th generation fighter jets in the same era when AMCA will be entering production in India.

Aeronautical Development Agency has been branding AMCA Mk2 as 5.5th generation fighter jet a higher classification to signify that it will be superior to present 5th generation fighter jets but not as good to be called as 6th generation fighter jet that is yet to be defined in terms of basic characters of the technologies that will be included in the jet. they are five top features of the AMCA Mk2 that will indeed make it stand out from the crowd, these features are not in the existing 5th generation fighter jets, and that what makes AMCA unique among its class.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Pakistan has been quite vocal about the possibility of demographic change in the Kashmir valley that it wants India to implement Article 35A back or bring another law that will deny any Indian right to buy or become citizens of the Muslim-dominated region. When the new Jammu and Kashmir’s new domicile law was introduced in Jammu and Kashmir, the first to object was Pakistan even though the same laws were slammed by hardcore Right-wing segment of the Modi supporters since it had the most stringent of the domicile laws that required individuals residing in the state for a minimum period of 15 years.

When individuals who have been residing in the state started getting their domicile certificates, they were immediately targeted by the Pakistan-backed terror groups. With reports of India and Pakistan having back-channel talks with Pakistan over Kashmir issues, Pakistan has upped its rants and has been pushing India for bringing back laws that could prevent the citizenship of Indians in the valley while it gets nothing on Pakistan occupied Kashmir or Gilgit-Baltistan that already has achieved demographic changes.

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SOURCE:  JATIN RAM / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Earlier this week, the United states officially kicked out Turkey from its F-35 program for buying Russian S-400 missiles in 2017. India ordered the same system in 2018 and later this year it will start receiving it and it is expected it will go active by April next year. While Biden administration has still not confirmed if India will be getting wavier but India’s refusal to procure NASAM-II Air Defence system nor clearing multibillion-dollar deals to procure American made fighter jets like F-21, F-18 or its latest offering of F-15EX means, threats of sanctions might remain, and present Biden administration might try to hurt India where it will hurts it the most rather then denying spares and supplies to the present American systems.

India’s homegrown Tejas Mk1 fighter jets are fully dependent on the American GE’s F-404 engines and even Tejas Mk2 will again be powered by Ge’s F414 engines which can seriously derail both the programs if sanctions are placed or supply of further batches of this engine to India are restricted. IAF recently placed fresh orders for 83 Tejas Mk1 and fresh contracts for the supply of the next batch of engines with GE are yet to be made.

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SOURCE: SATYAJEET KUMAR/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Kongsberg a Norwegian company has developed a helicopter-launched variant of the Naval Strike Missile (NSM) a fifth-generation high-subsonic, anti-ship / land-attack cruise missile that can be used against the sea and land-based targets in littoral and open sea environments. India will be the first country to purchase the NSM-HL variant for its 24 MH-60R helicopters after the Indian Navy shows indent to procure two Naval Strike Missile Emulators as well as four Naval Strike Missile Captive Inert Training missiles.

Indian Navy will be having a separate contract with the Kongsberg, once it starts taking deliveries of the MH-60R helicopters, Raytheon NSM Program Director Randy Kempton has confirmed that NSM has been approved for rotary-wing platforms so integration work can now start. NSM-HL missile utilizes MIL-STD 1760 electrical interface and is drop-launched from a standard BRU-14 bomb rack.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

Sprut (Top) K21-105 (Down)

The Indian Army has issued a Request For Information (RFI) for the procurement of 350 light tanks weighing less than 25 tones. RFI for the light tank and requirement it to be less than 25 tones means only two options are likely to emerge when the proposals are received and again it seems it will be Russia versus South Korean battle in India for securing orders.

Sprut-SDM1 125 mm self-propelled anti-tank gun, or also know as light-tank was first to be offered to India when India started brainstorming the need for lighter battle tanks for operations in higher altitudes especially after the Chinese deployed Type 15 light tank at the standoff location in the Ladakh region. Sprut-SDM1 is fitted with the Sosna-U multichannel gunner sighting system (like the T-72B3 main battle tank) and has a 125 mm smoothbore gun that is almost identical to those of the 2A46M5 gun that is equipped on the T-72M Main Battle Tanks.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

At Aero India 2021, India showcased final design chances of the AMCA that might be frozen and eventually will be seen in the first aircraft that India plans to roll out by 2024. Some of the major design changes included moving away from the fixed air inlet design and adaptation of the Diverterless supersonic inlet (DSI) for the air intakes that made it look similar at least in the frontal aspect quite similar to the aircraft that are equipped with the DSI air intakes.

Chinese netizens in no time started making a comparison between two aircraft and even released some of the images to prove that India’s AMCA is indeed inspired by the Chinese J-31 design, which went viral in Chinese social media platforms but attempts to call AMCA design a copy was quickly rebutted by the Indian netizens who have quickly pointed out the obvious differences that an untrained eye can’t catch easily.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

According to a new report from mainstream media in India, the Indian Navy is moving forward on the development of Three new Nuclear Attack submarines under Project-76 that will be primarily be armed with 8-16 submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM). Indian Navy seems to be also exploring integrating 8 Cell SLCM for its new proposed Diesel-electric submarine fleet under Project-75I and beyond, but India is yet to develop any long-range cruise missiles let alone an SLCM for its submarine fleet and this requires urgent attention for Indian military planners to start work on long-range Cruise missile family for the surface and underwater fleet of ships.

On 20 March 2013, the submarine-launched version of BRAHMOS supersonic cruise missile was successfully test-fired from a submerged platform and the same was repeated in 2016, but due to lack of submarine equipped with a vertical launching system (VLS), meant the actual missile test from a submarine was never carried out. another issue that might crop will be the range restriction of BrahMos that even after range extension might not see variants that can go beyond 800km.

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SOURCE: SATYAJEET KUMAR/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

A budget crunch has forced the Indian Navy to delay its plans to build its 3rd aircraft carrier. Instead, it will be building Six Nuclear Attack submarines, and due to the same issues it had to also cut down on its initial requirements for four Landing Platform Docks (LPDs) to two recently and after going through repeated tendering processes since 2013. Navy is again planning to issue a fresh ‘Request for Proposal’ (RFP) with new specifications that will allow it to be used as an amphibious ship that can deliver tanks and armored carriers, and helicopters into a war zone.

It would be possible to add a ski jump to the flight deck of the proposed LPDs for STOVL operations along with the addition of aircraft elevators. But this will also limit which aircraft can be operated from a 205 meters deck when compared to INS Vikrant, which has a deck of 260 meters in length and will be able to operate both Mig-29K and TEDBF in near future. F-35B, which is a Short Take-off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) variant is the only aircraft that will be able to operate from the LPDs that the Navy plans to operate.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

South Korea has rolled out the prototype of its next-generation indigenous fighter, officially named it the KF-21 Boramae. KF-21 exhibits some low-observable features, adopting the canted twin tails, fuselage shaping, and edge alignment, among other features but it still can’t be called a 5th generation fighter jet, due to lack of internal weapons carriage and use of not so advance radar observing materials, but Koreans have plans to commence work on a more advanced derivative, featuring internal weapons carriage that will be Block 2 version of the KF-21, that can be classified as 5th generation.

Twin-Engine Deck Based Fighter (TEDBF) that ADA is developing for the Navy’s Carrier-based Multi-role fighter jet also seems to have a low frontal cross-section along with Edge Extension (LEX), sharp-edged frontal fuselage, and Diverterless Supersonic Inlet (DSI) some of the elements that bring it close to a 5th generation fighter jet but it misses out on internal weapons carriage and 5th generation avionics since it will be based on most of the avionics, mission computers, cockpit display system that is borrowed from the LCA-AF Mk2 program and not AMCA program.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

In a shocking revelation, National Investigation Agency in its charge-sheet has said that a PDP Youth leader Waheed Para on behalf of Mehbooba Mufti-led Peoples Democratic Party gave Rs 5 crore to Altaf Shah, separatist leader of Hurriyat Conference to keep the situation boiling in Kashmir valley after the killing of Burhan Wani. Many mainstream local J&K-based political parties like Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (JKNC) and Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party in past have been accused of running soft-separatism agenda to further their grip of power in the valley, while it continues to draw financial aid from Delhi. 

People of Jammu and Kashmir have seen nearly 4 decades of conflict that has killed hundreds of thousands of people due to predominantly ideological and identity-based factors, but still, it has managed to sustain the conflict via funds coming from Pakistan and the rest of the Islamic world that is providing the economical motivations, at the individual and group level to continue this never-ending circle of conflict in the region. 

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

Chiefs Of Air Staff (CAS) Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria visited Bengaluru flew a Su-30MKI to witness the capability enhancement on the jet that has received Software upgrades that were carried out by the Aircraft & Systems Testing Establishment & software engineers of Software Development Institute. But since no details about the Software capability enhanced were provided this generated lot of curiosity with some speculation that this was the commencement of the Super-Sukhoi program that could involve major hardware and system upgrade not limiting it just to the software enhancement.

But the visit of CAS and flight test by him on the Su-30 got Software capability enhanced was significant enough that mandated visit of the Chief himself to check the performance. Software Development Institute (SDI) is an independent in-house software development and upgrade facility of the IAF that was established to integrate new weapons and systems into the IAFs Fight aircraft.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

Last year, the Indian Navy issued a Request For Information (RFI) for the development of an Indigenous 500KWh High capacity Lithium-Ion battery system for submarines. Indian Navy back then had said that the intended use of the Lithium-Ion battery is to replace existing lead-acid batteries fitted onboard conventional submarines and fitment as a power source on the new submarines under procurement and construction. 

Indian Navy is seeking vendors to demonstrate a prototype Lithium-Ion battery system with a Battery Management system (BMS) to validate its energy output and various discharge rates. The Indian Navy has specified a 20-month deadline for the lithium-ion battery project from the date a contract is awarded. A submarine with lithium-ion batteries usually has greater underwater endurance and can run faster than a comparable ship that has lead-acid batteries. India’s Kalvari Class submarines are compatible with both Li-ion batteries and lead-acid batteries, but presently are incorporating lead-acid batteries.

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SOURCE:  ANAND SG / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Pakistan is very much keen on acquiring the Russian Air Defense System after repeated poor performance of the Chinese medium-range LY-80/HQ-16 air defense systems. In response to India procuring an S-400 air defense system from Russia, In the past, Pakistan has approached Russia and has requested the sale of S-300 Air Defense System, when it was denied it requested for sale of Buk-M2, what interesting is that LY-80/HQ-16 is a Chinese copy of the same missile system.

Pakistan has been seen testing the Chinese FD-2000 which is an export variant of the HQ-9 long-range surface-to-air missile to consolidate its LY-80/HQ-16 air defense system but is not impressed by the range that the missile offers which has been cut down to just 125km for an aircraft sized target from 200km for the Chinese variant. HQ-9 is often called a Chinese copy of the Russian S-300 that Pakistan always desired but has to settle for a Chinese missile that offers less than 50% of the range what the original offered.

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