India and Sweden might be only countries left, who are still actively developing a Medium category 4.5+ Generation fighter aircraft in an era of 5th generation stealth fighter jets, while world also is moving towards the development of 6th generation fighter programs. Both Medium Weight Fighter (MWF)-Tejas Mk2 and Gripen E are near clear slate fighter designs based on the previous generation predecessors which will keep them active for decades to come with their respected airforce and it is fair to compare them both.

The above picture gives basic key data of both the aircraft when in direct comparison with each and other and further information in detail will be expanded. Continue reading


Supposed leaked scale model of India’s next-generation Ballistic Missile Submarine is been doing round on the net which finally shed some light into some of the physical features which can be seen on the scale model which most likely will make it into the first submarine which has been code-named S5 internally by DRDO and Ministry of Defence (MOD) under PMO.

S5 will be first in lead class next generation Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarine which will have a surface displacement of 13000 tonnes and will be nearly double the size of S4 and S4* SSBM which are Extended version of INS Arihant and INS Arighat Class of the first-generation SSBN currently in active service of Indian Navy. Continue reading


The Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited achieved an important milestone as part of high altitude cold weather trials when it successfully landed and took off from Daulat Beg Oldie, the world’s highest airfield, situated at a height of 16,700 feet in eastern Ladakh, where the temperature plummets as low as minus 55°C in winters in the area.

Daulat Beg Oldie airstrip holds immense strategic importance for India in the crucial axis in central Asia. Located at an altitude of at 16614 feet (5065 meters), DBO is an important Army forward area post which was built during the Indo-China conflict in 1962. Continue reading


Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Indian Air Force are on the verge to conclude a final contract for manufacturing of 83 LCA-Tejas Mk1A fighter jet after intense price negotiation which will now see fall of per-unit cost of the jet from the initial quotation of $62.9 million to around $34.9 million each which will not only be lighter on the IAF’s pocket but also come in handy to boosts its Export potential.

LCA-Tejas Mk1 was billed by HAL to IAF at $23 million per unit at a flyaway cost which excludes spares and other supports, but when HAL quoted $62.9 million per unit for upgraded Mk1A fighter jet, not only it stunned many in IAF senior management and even officials in Ministry of Defence (MOD) demanded breakdown of the unit costs to asses real cost, while HAL defended high cost of Mk1A and said that cost was high due to modern avionics and equipment which it will come with but IAF and MOD still felt it was way too high and Negotiation committee was formed to look into the price and negotiate acceptable price. Continue reading


India’s Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) has said it will reveal first Tejas AF Mk 2 fighter jet on 75th Independence day of India in 2022 and aircraft is likely to carry out its first flight by late 2022 or early 2023. Tejas AF Mk 2 was sanctioned in 2009 initially for using Mk1 air frame to be powered by a larger GE-F414IN engine resulting in more thrust offering more take-off weight which results in additional payload capacity.

Current Medium Weight Fighter (MWF) model revealed at Aero India 2019 while it still carries Tejas AF Mk 2 designation due to earlier Government clearance but MWF is an enhanced version of the baseline Tejas Mk1 air frame, with heavy modifications to its design and air frame and not also will have a slightly longer length, bigger wingspan, enhanced payload-carrying capabilities, which Senior Retired IAF officials, spoke to say will make it almost complete clean slate aircraft which will have a developmental cycle of 5-7 years and will be difficult to enter into production by 2025-26 as disclosed by ADA. Continue reading


Boeing Defense has confirmed that 276th and final C17 Globemaster III is heading to India soon to join into the fleet of 10 C-17s already operated by Indian Air Force. Last unsold C-17 Globemaster III air-lifter was picked up by India after production of the air-lifter was stopped by Boeing Defense due to lack of fresh orders from United States Air Force.

Last C-17 was manufactured in 2015 and remained in Boeing storage facility before it was ordered by IAF in 2018. Final Boeing C-17 Globemaster III heavy-lift jet has been equipped with India-specific systems before it was ready for its ferry flight to India. Continue reading


Pakistan foreign minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi while talking to media said that decision taken by India to remove special status of Indian administered Kashmir was the biggest blunder committed by India which has Internationalize the Kashmir Issue and even went in to say that Indian Prime Minister Modi has gone Mad. Selected Prime minister of Pakistan Imran Khan Niazi has been on a ranting spree about RSS+Modi+Hitler for committing a Hypothetical genocide in Kashmir.

Latest Pakistani media scan even suggests why Pakistan is reaching a delusional level even when nothing much of support is coming their way from the International community. Many are happy that Kashmir after a long time has been in international limelight but the fact is Kashmir has been under International limelight forever in recent times, especially after Uri, Surgical strikes, and Pulwama and Balakaot airstrikes so what’s new now even many Pakistani can’t answer. Continue reading


With more and more information ticking after the famous Air battle of Mig-21 vs F-16. News coming from official sources indicates that India might have lost Two Mig-21s that day had not Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman had aggressively maneuvered in line of fire by three F-16s who were carrying out classic NATO hot-cold radar lock sequence over the Nowshera sector trying to take down lone Su-30MKI flying over 14-15000 feet which was trying to protect a vital military installations.

Three F-16s were positioned and Two Mig-21Bis which were fast approaching for interception of this jets were already in AMRAAMs No Escape Zone (NEZ) when Both pilots were ordered to fall back by Squadron leader Minty Agarwal who was fighter control at the operation room. Abhinandan knew that both he and his wingman “Alpha-2” were in NEZ and with Radar lock warning light already lighten up in both the aircraft they had to shoot or get shot down that’s when Abhinandan decided to overfly his “Alpha-2” and go after F-16B “Alpha-3” which was positioned on his right, which by that time had already fired an AMRAAM after Mig-21 Alpha-2” made a right turn to return. Continue reading


India’s defence research and development organization (DRDO) is exploring the development of “Active Electronically Scanned Array Radar (AESAR)” developed by Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE) for the HAL Tejas program also now for other combat aircraft of Indian Air Force, which includes new configuration for use on Sukhoi Su-30MKI twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for the Indian Air Force.

Industrial sources close to have informed that the proposal is still at the discussion stage since the indigenous Active phased array technology for fighter aircraft is still in the developmental and trials stage but the program has made recent progress and already has undergone installation process on LCA Tejas LSP-2 which has been deputed to carry out flight trials and integration of India’s indigenous AESA radar. Continue reading


Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) is a laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) which became operational in 1959 with primary aim of research and development in Aerogas turbine technology as GTRE turns 60 this year, we look into the achievements of the establishment and the work it has been doing  on development of military-grade jet engine technology and it is hard to find any of their product actually entering production or have any military applications.

Last major project taken up by the organization was the development of GTX-35VS Kaveri Engine which since 2014 has been abandoned due to lack of progress even after 30 years of being in research and development. The only major but critical program under the organization today, has been the development of small turbofan jet engine for  Nirbhay cruise missile program which is widely and easily available at the international market and can also be developed by private companies back home. Continue reading


After French multinational aircraft engine company, Safran asked India to invest close to 6000 Crores and committed to investing 3000 crores of its investment as part of Rafale offset obligations to revive India’s now stalled Kaveri engine program, DRDO is now considering having talks with Britain’s engineering major Rolls Royce after French offer was considered too pricey by DRDO.

DRDO already has invested over 3000 crores in the Kaveri engine program but an additional investment for 6000 crores only to get core section of M-88-3 engines which included custom modification of the new Kaveri engine with Indian developed technology, and later certification of the modified engine along with technology transfer could have meant that SAFRAN enjoyed Royalty for its tech for decades to come. Continue reading


Squadron Leader Minty Aggarwal while speaking to TIMES NOW laughed when asked about the claim from across the border that Pakistani F-16 shot down a Su-30 belonging to IAF. Aggarwal said I had whole Radar picture of the area with me and ” All Our Sukhois are with Us, Didn’t lose any ” and dismissed any claims of PAF about Second Kill that day.

Squadron Leader Minty Aggarwal who is 8-year Veteran of Indian Air Force was on duty on 27th February when 24 Mixed Pakistani fighter formation decided to launch strikes on Indian military installations in Indian side of the Kashmir. Aggarwal was Fighter controller on the operations room and was instrumental in the positioning of the Mig-21 which was flown by Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman to the Nowshera sector which were position of three PAF F-16s, one of which was shot down by R-73 Close Combat Missile. Continue reading


The Indian Air Force (IAF) has quietly retired three squadrons of MiG-21 fighter-interceptor and MiG-27 ground-attack aircraft and by 2024, nearly 10 squadrons of the combined fleet will be retired but defense ministry is yet to start another process for large-scale purchase of fighter planes from abroad, Tender for 114 fighter aircraft is yet to reach RFI ( Request for Information ) Stage and according to Former Vice Chief Air Marshal R K Sharma, with this pace even final contract is only expected in the next 3-4 years and another 2-3 years for the first batch of aircraft to arrive for fleet recovery to begin.

Flip flops and multiple U-Turns by the Previous Government has ensured that only 36 aircraft were procured when air force needed 126  to fill the gap. Previous MMRCA tender was scrapped and later Single-Engine Fighter (SEF) Tender to was scrapped. Over 15 years of Indecision by the government has created a situation where IAF is retiring more fighter aircraft then it is inducting and obsolescence of front-line fighter aircraft like Su-30 due to lack of modernization also has ensured that IAF is falling behind in the region. Continue reading


With Alleged corruption claims in the procurement of 36 Rafale combat aircraft long-buried now, IAF is presently preparing its self to take deliveries of the first batch of four aircraft next month in France comes unconfirmed reports of Dassault Aviation and Indian Ministry of Defence in discussion for procurement of a bigger deal which involves 114 units of Make In India Dassault Rafale gathers pace.

Unconfirmed reports suggest that Dassault Aviation has agreed to transfer production line to Dassault Reliance Aerospace Limited manufacturing facility in Mihan, Nagpur located in India’s western state of Maharashtra, once it finishes the last batch of the order form French Air force in 2024, while DRAL will in charge of manufacturing components for the Dassault Rafale thus will become part of its Global Supply Chain and even export orders . Continue reading


When India gained Independence in 1947, the pre 1947 princely states of undivided India namely Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, Travancore-Cochin, and Vindhya Pradesh became a part of Dominion of India, 1947 and later Republic of India, 1950 when India became republic under the Constitution of Republic of India which was adopted on 26 November 1949 and became effective on 26 January 1950.

These 9 princely states then came to be known as ‘B States’, all governed / administered under Article 238. However in 1956, this Article 238 through 7th Constitutional Amendment was repealed. The objective is to convert these B states / Princely states into full fledged states so that Part VI of the constitution could be applied on them which deals with various executive power of the state. With the repealing of Article 238 in 1956, J&K too was among those 9 ‘B States’ which was converted from a Princely state to a full fledged state thus becoming an ‘internal matter’ of India in 1956 itself. This complemented the Instrument of Accession, 1947 which firmly established India’s ownership right over the J&K. Continue reading