You dont have javascript enabled! Please enable it!


The Indian government’s “strategic partnership” policy aims to invigorate the defense sector by fostering private sector participation through joint ventures with foreign companies. This approach seeks to blend domestic capabilities with advanced foreign technologies to enhance India’s defense production capacity. However, the practical implementation of this policy, particularly the use of Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs), has led to considerable hesitation among private companies. Several factors contribute to this reluctance, highlighting the need for a more conducive environment for private participation in defense production.

Indian defense projects are inherently complex, involving substantial upfront investments. Technological challenges, protracted development cycles, and uncertain market conditions create a high-risk environment for private firms. The SPV model exacerbates these risks by placing a significant financial burden on private entities. Establishing and managing an SPV requires considerable resources and investment, which can be daunting given the uncertain returns. This financial strain is a critical deterrent for private companies considering entering the defense sector.

Defense contracts in India come with stringent government regulations and price controls, which can significantly squeeze profit margins. The regulatory framework often imposes rigid compliance requirements that increase operational costs. Additionally, price controls limit the profitability of defense projects, making it challenging for private companies to achieve satisfactory returns on their investments. The long-term nature of defense projects further complicates this issue, as recouping investments becomes a slow and arduous process.

Navigating India’s defense procurement bureaucracy is notoriously complex and time-consuming. The process of obtaining necessary approvals and clearances is fraught with delays, which can disrupt project timelines and escalate costs. These bureaucratic obstacles are particularly discouraging for private companies that are accustomed to more streamlined processes in other sectors. The time and effort required to navigate the approval process can significantly diminish the attractiveness of defense projects.

Concerns about a level playing field are prevalent among private companies. State-owned defense enterprises (PSUs) often receive preferential treatment regarding funding and project allocation. This preferential treatment can skew competition, making it difficult for private companies to compete effectively. The process of setting up an SPV and navigating the approval process is cumbersome and time-consuming, adding to the challenges faced by private firms seeking faster returns on their investments.

Private companies require a clear vision of future orders and production volumes to justify their investments in the defense sector. However, the Indian defense sector lacks long-term planning and consistent order commitments. This uncertainty makes it difficult for companies to assess the viability of projects and plan their investments accordingly. Without guaranteed future orders, private firms are hesitant to commit substantial resources to defense projects.

The strategic partnership policy holds significant potential to boost India’s defense production capabilities by leveraging private sector expertise and foreign technologies. However, the current implementation model, particularly the reliance on SPVs, presents substantial challenges for private companies.

NOTE : Article cannot be reproduced without written permission of in any form even for YouTube Videos to avoid Copy right strikes. Websites doing illegal reproductions will get DMCA and Legal Notices.