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The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has unveiled its plans for Mangalyaan-2, a mission aiming for a historic touchdown on Mars. This ambitious project incorporates innovative techniques to ensure a safe and productive mission on the Red Planet.

One of the most exciting aspects of Mangalyaan-2 is the use of a sky crane for landing the rover. Similar to the system deployed by NASA’s Perseverance rover, ISRO’s sky crane will enable a controlled and delicate descent onto the Martian surface. This innovative approach is crucial due to Mars’ challenging terrain. Unlike traditional landing methods with airbags or ramps, the sky crane will gently lower the rover in an upright position, optimizing its readiness for scientific exploration. ISRO engineers are diligently developing their indigenous sky crane technology specifically designed for the Indian rover.

Adding another layer of intrigue, ISRO is developing a fully functional helicopter to explore the thin Martian atmosphere. This rotorcraft, codenamed “MARBLE” (Martian Boundary Layer Explorer), is currently in the conceptual stage. Equipped with scientific instruments, MARBLE will be able to reach up to 100 meters in altitude, providing valuable insights into the unique characteristics of the Martian atmosphere.

To maintain seamless communication between Earth and the Martian explorers, ISRO plans to deploy a relay communication satellite before launching the main spacecraft. This satellite, launched aboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), will bridge the vast distance between Mars and Earth. By relaying signals, it will ensure that scientists on Earth can stay connected with and monitor the mission’s progress.

Mangalyaan-2 will also feature a sophisticated rover, likely equipped with a suite of scientific instruments. This rover will embark on a mission to analyze the Martian surface, its composition, and potentially uncover signs of past or present life on the Red Planet.