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The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is taking a bold step towards the future of rocket propulsion, announcing a collaborative effort with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) to develop hybrid and electric propulsion systems. This tripartite initiative signifies India’s commitment to innovation and self-reliance in the space sector.

This move comes on the heels of ISRO’s successful 2022 test of a 30 kN hybrid rocket motor, demonstrating the organization’s potential in this exciting new technology. Hybrid rockets combine solid fuel with a liquid oxidizer, offering several advantages over traditional propulsion systems.

Advantages of Hybrid Technology:

Innovations in hybrid propulsion include improved fuel and oxidizer combinations, advanced combustion control mechanisms, and optimized nozzle designs. These advancements translate to several potential benefits:

  • Increased Efficiency: Hybrid engines boast higher efficiency compared to solid rocket motors, potentially leading to increased payload capacity or reduced launch costs.
  • Enhanced Control: Unlike solid propellants, the flow rate of the liquid oxidizer in a hybrid engine can be controlled, allowing for greater thrust throttling and easier maneuverability during flight.
  • Improved Safety: Hybrid systems offer inherent safety advantages due to the physical separation of fuel and oxidizer, reducing the risk of accidental explosions.

This collaborative effort marks a promising step forward in India’s spacefaring ambitions, paving the way for a more efficient, sustainable, and cost-effective approach to space exploration.

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