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The Indian Army is set to acquire a new weapon system designed to significantly enhance the operational capabilities of its mechanized infantry and armored units. The program focuses on procuring Canister-Launched Anti-Armour Loiter Munition (CALM) systems, offering several key advantages.

According to a recent procurement notice, the Indian Army aims to integrate CALM systems onto various platforms including T-72 and T-90 tanks, BMP-2 armored vehicles, mortar carriers, and reconnaissance vehicles. This integration will provide a vital remote-controlled attack capability, allowing troops to engage targets beyond their visual range.

The planned acquisition includes 180 CALM systems, each equipped with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead for destroying enemy armored vehicles. Notably, these loitering munitions boast a 15 km operational range, enabling effective engagement from safe stand-off distances.

The Indian Army has outlined specific requirements for the CALM systems. These include:

  • High-Altitude Launch: The system must be capable of launching the munition at altitudes up to 4,500 meters above sea level, crucial for operations in mountainous regions.
  • Lightweight and Portable: Each loitering munition, along with its sealed canister, must weigh less than 25 kgs for ease of deployment.
  • Pneumatic Launch and Electric Propulsion: The canister should utilize a heated gas pneumatic system to launch the munition, while the loitering flight itself should be powered by an electric propulsion system.
  • Extended Loiter Time: The munition needs to remain airborne for at least 15 minutes at its maximum range, with an overall endurance of at least 60 minutes. This extended loiter time allows for prolonged target identification and engagement opportunities.