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In a landmark development following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s third term in office, India and the United States have reinitiated discussions on the sale and transfer of technology (ToT) for the American General Electric F-414 (GEF-414) engine. This significant defense collaboration aims to enhance the indigenous production capabilities of India’s state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), positioning it as a local partner in this crucial program.

The proposed deal includes an 80% transfer of technology (ToT) to HAL, facilitating the local production of the GEF-414 engines. U.S. congressional approvals for this deal have been secured, paving the way for price negotiation committee talks, which are set to take place later this year in India.

India plans to initially manufacture at least 400 F-414 engines locally. These engines are slated to power the Tejas MkII and Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) MkI fighter jets, both critical components of India’s indigenous fighter jet programs. The agreement is expected to be finalized later this year or early next year, with local production anticipated to commence shortly thereafter.

In line with India’s ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ (self-reliant India) vision, state-owned Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (Midani) will supply crucial components for the GEF-414 engines post-ToT. This collaboration not only enhances the technological capabilities of HAL but also integrates other domestic defense manufacturing entities into the supply chain, fostering a robust ecosystem of indigenous defense production.

The initial deliveries of the locally manufactured GEF-414 engines from HAL’s plant are expected within the next three years, marking a significant milestone in India’s journey towards self-reliance in defense technology and manufacturing.

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