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SOURCE: JOYDEEP GHOSH/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Around Late 2019 there were reports that UAE Air Force that operates the 2nd most numbers of Mirage 2000 jets after France was planning to sells around 24 to 36 fighter jets to Iraqi Air Force. The reports also said that UAE wanted to provide Iraq with these jets to be stationed inside or near Kurdistan region after refurbishing the jets to latest model. This may be as deterrence against Turkey. Whatever the reason may be but both France and Dassault refused and put their foot down, France perhaps for fear of these jets falling into wrong hands and Dassault for total lack of relevant support and service infrastructure in Iraq.

UAE Air Force which is buying both the 5th generation F35 jets from USA and 4.5 generation Rafale jets from France in good numbers (both at least 36) will have 69 surplus Mirage 2000 jets that it wants to hive off or et rid off asap.

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SOURCE: JOYDEEP GHOSH/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

What is a megaton nuke bomb, its a nuclear weapon with an explosive power equivalent to one million tons of TNT.  The largest nuke ever tested was Tsar Bomba, a thermo nuclear bomb developed by the Soviet Union. The bomb exploded over a island in the arctic region, was originally designed to have a yield of about 100 megatons of TNT however, however the bomb yield was reduced to 50 megatons in order to reduce nuclear fallout. In comparison the Little Boy dropped on Hiroshima and Fat Man dropped on Nagasaki had a yield of just 15 and 21 kilotons respectively.

It may be known that a megaton nuclear weapon when exploded in an attack will create a blast overpressure spread out over a larger area. Unlike fission devices, fusion devices or thermo nuclear bombs produce 50 million degree fireballs. Within 10 seconds the fireball grows into 1 mile around and cools off to 11 million degrees. 4 miles away from blast of 1 MT Bomb, pressure is 6 pounds per square inch (It may be known that 5 pounds overpressure breaks the eardrums) and winds blow at 180 miles per hour. The blast wind cleans all houses and buildings with 2 pounds per square inch enough to crush a house. The light flash of the explosion that will last upto 22 seconds wil cause people living 10 miles away to receive 2nd degree burns.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

Democratic nominee in the US Presidential Election 2020 Joe Biden has been declared President-elect and Liberals and Woke Gang back in India, who have shown vocal support to Joe Biden are thrilled by the prospects of Biden becoming President of America soon and the relationship which he will have with India.

In his runup to the presidential race earlier this year, Joe Biden had taken an oppositive stand against many of the Modi governments controversial moves regarding Kashmir and citizenship Laws, and the same Liberal and Woke Gang back in India, are thrilled at the prospects of Modi being pushed to the wall or put on backfoot in India if he continues his tuff stand which they claim will be good for India but bad for Modi electoral politics in the country.

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SOURCE: SATYAJEET KUMAR/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Recently, Lot 14 of, F-35A has been contracted at a flyaway cost of $77.9M which was a 12.8% further drop from what was paid at Lot 12, that’s greater than a 70% unit cost reduction since Lot 1. Which means for every 2 Dassault Rafale India will procure in the future it could have procured 3 F-35A at the same flyaway cost even though F-35A has not been an offer to India even though India is the only country in the newly formed military alliance “Quad” which won’t be operating F-35A in its fleet.

U.S Administration is still peddling its legacy F-21 (F-16V), F-15EX, and F-18E/F fighter jets to India that will continue to make Dassault Rafale an attractive offer for India even though it has been a costly affair for India and further orders can impact its military modernization plans due to the hefty bill it could come with if India goes ahead and places an order for 114 jets more.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

A Twitter user who goes by the handle @porbotialora has put out a thread, which has been gaining a lot of traction on how the “Panun Kashmir” project by the Government of India will flip India’s only Muslim majority area and also the most troubled region due to Islamic Terror activities and ongoing separatism state-sponsored by Pakistan into an Hindu Majority area in next few years.

Panun Kashmir is a proposed state of India in the Kashmir Valley, which is intended to be a homeland for Kashmiri Hindus, that has been gaining attention after Article 370 was abrogated by the Central government and the tremors have been felt as far as Islamabad which many claim will lead to demographic change in the region to India’s advantage thus also solving India’s long-pending troubled area in the region.

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SOURCE: RAMANPREET SINGH / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

China, India, and, to some extent, Japan are the three giants in Asia that will eventually clash over influence in the region. We are already seeing friction between India and China in the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean. While China and Japan are having tensions over islands in the East China Sea. China has the largest GDP in the region. The entire country is under the Communist Party of China (CCP) with Xi Jinping as its undisputed leader. China wants to be the greatest global power and compete with the United States for that title.

However, to fight the US in the world arena, it must first gain control over Asia. That very goal is what is causing tensions in the region. China is actively trying to undermine Japanese influence in the region. At the same time, it is actively trying to subdue India into a lesser power, despite India being a major player in the region. Let us first explore the current situation, and then consider possible solutions.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

India has protested Pakistan’s plans to make Gilgit-Baltistan as a separate fifth province, which is the same status as a full-fledged state back in India which for the first time affects the geopolitics of the disputed area after the instrument of accession a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947.

Pakistan’s Political Oppositions is divided over proposed plans to make Gilgit-Baltistan as a separate fifth province and many have raised legitimate concerns which Prime Minister Imran Khan and the Bajwa backed by a deep state called Establishment in Pakistan seems to be ignoring it, but the fault lines which is going to emerge will be very difficult for India to ignore and not explore it to create turmoil and use it for India’s advantage in the long term to settle Kashmir dispute as per India’s long term strategic vision.

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SOURCE: VISHAL KARPE / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

IMAGE COURTESY @ KUNTAL BISWAS

According to US media reports, the United States has flown a new jet which it calls as Next Generation Air Dominance (NGAD) demonstrator for the 6th generation program which is still supposedly in its conceptual stages. The United Kingdom on other hand has announced plans to develop a sixth-generation fighter called the Tempest. both of this programs are still in the initial stages of design and concept stages but both programs promise to move away from traditional weapons and gradual transition to the next generation weapons which means the development of next-generation weapons and then arming them on this jets is what will make them 6th generation jets rather than only to measured on Stealth and avionics even though it will be a key milestone for the programs.

NGAD and Tempest programs will move from concept to prototype stage by 2025-2030 time frame and move from prototype to production stage from 2035 onwards which fits with the 15-year time frame usually used as a standard for the completion of development, trials, and testing of the new jet in western countries. But what will make 6th generation fighter jets stand out from 5th generation fighter jets will not only be some radical airframe designs which have been showcased or improved jet engines and avionics and multi-sensor architecture but next-generation weapons like Hypersonic, swarming technology, and Direct energy-based weapons which are reaching inching towards the maturity stage after been in development for decades. 

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SOURCE: RAMANPREET SINGH / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Indian Defence Ministry is an arm of the Government of India which handles defence of the nation. Indian Defence Ministry controls all agencies that are involved in defence or defence-related work. The ministry has an annual estimated budget of 66 Billion USD for the year 2020. The current head of this ministry is defence minister Rajnath Singh. It was formed in 1947 after Independence and has slowly expanded as more organisations were created to safeguard the border. However, there is inherently a critical flaw with the organisation which is the people who run this organisation.

The Indian Defence Ministry is run by bureaucrats rather than defence officials. Most other nations around the world let military officials run departments/Ministry of Defence. This is done to give armed forces the required power to meet the threats of the future without facing massive bureaucratic obstacles. Having military officers reporting to a defence ministry run by defence officials, allow for a smoother flow of information and threat assessments. For example, the US has the Department of Defence (DoD) commonly known as Pentagon, and is run by military officials. They are responsible for the defence of the United States and its interests. The Pentagon has departments for each armed forces, intelligence services, and run by military officers coordinating on defence activities. This, however, is not the case with India.

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SOURCE: DINESH BEHARA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Once the world’s most peaceful disputed border for over five decades, The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is not the same now. The violent skirmishes between the Indian army and PLA at Galwan valley has changed the narrative. The Subsequent deployment of forces by both sides is a matter of concern. After the quid pro quo by the Indian army, the on-going disengagement talks don’t look like to be reached to an agreement soon, even after the consensus reached by the foreign ministers at the sidelines of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). There is very little time for both India and China to reach the consensus. Hence Indian armed forces are preparing to embrace the harsh winter on the altitudes.

If the situation remains grim and any unusual event-will lead to more clashes or limited tit-for-tat reciprocal operations. In that case one of the concerns is the need for weapon systems at such altitudes. China has deployed its Type 15 lightweight tanks in the region, with its 105-millimeter caliber armor-piercing main gun, advanced fire control systems, and at approximate 36 tons weight, claiming that it can outgun any other light armored vehicles in high altitude regions.

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SOURCE:  ANAND SG / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Martin-Baker confirmed that the company developed PK16LE ejection seat carried out the first successful ejection from the ill-fated JF-17 Block-2 Tail Number 17-241 which crashed near Pindigheb, Attock in Pakistan while the ill-fated aircraft was on a routine training sortie. Martin-Baker said that they never celebrate the loss of any aircraft but the first successful ejection of any seat program gives them enormous sense of pride on its products and Pilot’s life saved.

PAF in its official statement and most of the Pakistani media channels have not mentioned the Type of aircraft which went down recently but the OSNIT community was able to confirm from the Tail Number that it was a JF-17 Block-2 aircraft. Martin-Baker confirmation for the first time also confirms that the Second JF-17s crash which took over the Arabian Sea on 27 Sept 2016 while carrying out a Night sortie resulted in a fatality which again was never covered in Pakistani media.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

IMAGE COURTESY KUNTAL BISWAS

The major highlight of the recent test of the Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV) by DRDO was the showcase of the indigenous scramjet engine that has gained maturity and will now be moving to the second phase of the testing in 2021 when the scramjet engine will be tested for a longer duration. According to media reports, the locally developed scramjet engine demonstrated over 20 seconds in flight sustained hypersonic combustion where it achieved over 2km per second speed, where it roughly covered nearly 40km in Mach 6 speed.

2021 will see a repeat of the HSTDV being tested for a longer duration of 60-180 seconds with sustained hypersonic combustion in Mach 6 speed regime but for it to move to a Hypersonic Cruise Missile (HCM) Prototype stage then the upcoming missile will require a scramjet engine which can sustain hypersonic combustion in Mach 6 speed regime for about 3-4 minutes for 500km range but ultimately aim for the DRDO could be to achieve 1000km range when the program officially starts.

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SOURCE:  ANAND SG / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

5 Rafale’s or 500, Pakistan is ‘Absolutely Ready’ For India was the official answer of Pakistan’s DG ISPR when asked about their country’s answer to the Indian procurement of the Dassault Rafale. Pakistani military analysts and former Pakistan Air Force pilots are pretty much convinced that Chinese made PL-15 BVRAAMs on JF-17 Block-III fighter jets gives them an absolute edge over the Indian Dassault Rafale fighter jet because of the so-called deadly combo of alleged 200 km range of the PL-15 with AESA Radar of the JF-17 Block-III.

Off late Pakistani media with its panelist have been eager to dismiss the Rafale threat and have been boosting how capable JF-17 Block-III will be that it can take on IAF. Not many tactical arguments have been seen but the majority of the boosting has been coming from retired PAF Air Marshall Shahid Latif who was program director of the JF-17 fighter jet and was among the first pilot to ferry F-16 from the USA to Pakistan in the late ’80s.

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SOURCE: VIDHI BUBNA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

While the much anticipated Chandrayaan 2 mission (2019) successfully put an orbiter around Earth’s moon, it however failed to land its rover Pragyan on the moon’s surface, a loss not just on the scientific and economic front but one that was equally emotional and heartbreaking for every Indian.

While the country was still reeling from the loss, there came in different stories questioning the leadership in the organisation. While many might argue that the internal politics of the organisation should have nothing to do with the success or failure of any mission but the very fact that the ethics and the scientific temperament might have been undermined for personal gains or non-professional differences is something that needs to be questioned. It is also important because ISRO is one of the world’s only organisations to have achieved scientific breakthroughs and hopefully continue to do so and the intersection of politics and science at the same place might be dangerous and intellectually regressive for anyone associated with it.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

After the Trump administration cleared the sale of 66 F-16V to the Republic of China Air Force (ROCAF) and also cleared the path of upgrading its current fleet of 115 F-16s jets to the Dash-5 Upgrade configuration, Reports by Tawainese media have emerged after the supply of 66 F-16V ROCAF plans to resale its 54 Dassault Mirage 2000-5EI to an existing operator due to they are expensive to maintain and ROCAF has no budget left for them to be upgraded since their induction in 1992.

Taipei’s focus on US systems at the expense of the more costly French jets has been widely criticized by the French side but Taiwanese Defence officials have acknowledged that the parts and supplies needed to maintain them were more expensive than those needed for the indigenous aircraft and the F-16s as more of the island’s shrinking defence budget was earmarked for US weapons.

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