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India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired the Supersonic Missile-Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) system on May 1st, 2024, from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha. This next-generation system promises to significantly enhance the Indian Navy’s anti-submarine warfare capabilities.

SMART is a canister-based missile system designed to deliver a lightweight torpedo over long distances. It boasts a two-stage solid propulsion system, an electromechanical actuator system, and a precision inertial navigation system for accurate targeting. The system also features a parachute-based release mechanism for the torpedo payload.

Earlier estimates placed the range of SMART at around 650 kilometres. 

However, recent developments suggest further refinements. Images of the tested system hint at an improved airframe design, likely leading to greater efficiency. Additionally, a Notam (Notice to Airmen) issued for the test specified a designated area of 985 kilometres. This strongly suggests that the new variant of SMART boasts a significantly extended range, possibly exceeding 850-900 kilometres.

This extended range is a game-changer for the Indian Navy. It allows for engaging enemy submarines from a much greater distance, particularly around India’s vast coastline, where major naval ports and bases are located. The increased range provides a crucial strategic advantage and strengthens India’s maritime defence capabilities.

The successful test marks a significant milestone in India’s indigenous defence development program. DRDO’s SMART system promises to be a powerful weapon in the Indian Navy’s arsenal, safeguarding the nation’s maritime interests.

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