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The presence of the Chinese spy ship Xiang Yang Hong 01, currently positioned off the coast of Vizag, has drawn attention to maritime activities in the region. Real-time AIS positions indicate that the vessel is virtually stationary, maintaining a speed of 0.2 knots. This development comes after India had issued a second Notice to Airmen and sailors, highlighting the significance of ongoing operations in the area.

Against the backdrop of recent developments, including India’s testing of the Agni-V Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) system, the maritime environment has become increasingly dynamic. Notably, there is one more active Notices to Airmen (NOTAM) for a range of 3500 kilometers, suggesting potential preparations for the testing of the K-4 Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM).

The presence of the Xiang Yang Hong 01 in close proximity to India’s coastline raises speculation about its objectives. Given its stationary position and the timing of India’s ballistic missile tests, it is plausible that the vessel is engaged in activities related to monitoring acoustic signatures associated with India’s ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) and tracking Indian missile projectiles.

The focus on acoustic signatures underscores the strategic significance of detecting and tracking submarines, particularly those equipped with nuclear capabilities. As India continues to enhance its maritime defense capabilities, including the development and testing of SLBMs, monitoring by foreign vessels such as the Xiang Yang Hong 01 becomes a matter of heightened interest and concern.