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In a strategic move, Armenia is turning to India to tap into its expertise in modernizing Soviet and Russian defense equipment and integrating them with Western systems. This collaboration aims to bolster Armenia’s defense capabilities, particularly in light of concerns about potential regional conflicts.

Armenia operates a fleet of Russian T-72B3 tanks but has experienced significant losses to loitering ammunition deployed by Azerbaijani forces. Azerbaijan’s Defense Ministry stated that the Armenian army lost 260 tanks and armored vehicles, 277 artillery and rocket systems, 60 air defense systems, one S-300 long-range air defense system, 11 command and control and observation posts, and eight ammunition depots.

In response to evolving threats, the Indian Army has made a crucial decision to upgrade its fleet of 1,400 T-72 M1 (CI Ajeya) tanks with state-of-the-art Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA) Mk-II. This enhancement is designed to provide better defense against current anti-tank guided missiles, as well as High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT) and Kinetic Energy munitions. The ERA Mk-I has already been installed on 1,400 T-72 M1 tanks.

The successful development of the ERA Mk-II was achieved through the collaboration of the High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL), the Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL), and the Combat Vehicles Research & Development Establishment (CVRDE). This technological advancement will not only bolster India’s defense capabilities but also pave the way for valuable international partnerships and collaborations.

Armenia is keen to move away from Russian on support of its weapons system and is keen to use India’s expertise in defense modernization and knowledge-sharing in addressing evolving security challenges. As these nations explore opportunities for joint ventures, training, and military cooperation, they set the stage for enhanced defense capabilities and stronger strategic partnerships in an ever-changing global security landscape.

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