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The Indian Army has received its first batch of 10 T-90 Mk-III main battle tanks (MBTs), marking a significant step towards modernizing its armored capabilities. These newly produced tanks, developed by India’s Armoured Vehicles Nigam Limited (AVNL) under a licensing agreement with Russia, represent a domestic production milestone.

This delivery is part of a larger contract signed between the Indian Army and AVNL’s Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF) in November 2019. The contract entails the procurement of a total of 464 new T-90MS tanks, with the T-90 Mk-III being the latest variant.

The T-90 Mk-III boasts several upgrades over previous models. These include a new automatic target tracking system, a digital ballistic computer, and improved sighting systems. A key highlight is the midwave infrared (MWIR) commander sight, jointly developed by India’s DRDO and BEL.

This commander sight incorporates a thermal imager with an effective range of 8 km for day and night operations. Additionally, a laser rangefinder (LRF) provides accurate range data up to 5 km. This combination of technologies significantly enhances the T-90 Mk-III’s ability to detect and engage targets at extended ranges.

The MoD emphasizes that the ballistic computer and LRF data work in conjunction to improve firing accuracy. This allows the tank commander to effectively detect, engage, and neutralize targets with greater precision.

The remaining 454 T-90 Mk-III tanks will be delivered to the Indian Army in phases over the next five years. Furthermore, HVF is concurrently engaged in upgrading the Indian Army’s existing fleet of T-90S tanks to the T-90MS standard.

The induction of the T-90 Mk-III tanks represents a crucial step in bolstering India’s armored capabilities. These advancements in targeting, firepower, and accuracy will strengthen the Indian Army’s position in safeguarding the nation’s borders.

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