At least ten countries have expressed grave concern regarding India’s relationships with human rights mechanisms. The The Us, Germany, Belgium, and the U.k. posed hard questions at India’s fourth universal periodic review (UPR) of the state of human rights in Geneva, such as the need to enact anti-torture legislation, ratify rigorous anti-discrimination laws and policies, and adopt legislation that criminalises hate speech, prevents communal violence, and protects human rights defenders.

Germany raised concerns about the Armed Forces (Special Powers Act), the reintroduction of the 2011 Communal and Targeted Violence Bill, anti-conversion laws, and child labour. It did, however, applaud the nondiscriminatory provision of public goods and services.

In addition to reducing the scope of the death penalty, the UK asked questions about minorities’ rights and interests.