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A recent study has shed light on the changing religious demographics of the Indian subcontinent between 1950 and 2015. The key takeaway is that while the share of the majority religious population increased in all Muslim-majority countries of the region (except Maldives), India, a Hindu-majority nation, witnessed a decline in the share of its Hindu population.

In India, the Hindu population share declined by 7.82% (from 84.68% to 78.06%), while the Muslim population share grew from 9.84% to 14.09% .

The study’s findings raise questions about potential security implications for India. Here are some possible considerations. A significant shift in religious demographics could lead to social tensions and communal conflict. The changing demographics might influence how India defines its national identity. The growth of Muslim populations in neighboring countries could influence regional security dynamics, potentially impacting India’s strategic landscape.

The decline in Hindu share doesn’t necessarily translate to a decrease in Hindu population. India’s overall population has grown tremendously, and Hindus remain the absolute majority. The decline in Hindu share is due to factors like lower birth rates compared to Muslims or illegal Muslim migration patterns. Understanding these reasons is vital.

This study offers a starting point for further research. A deeper understanding of the factors driving demographic change and their potential security implications is essential for informed policymaking in India.