India tested the first missile of its Phase-II Ballistic Missile Defence shield. Interceptor called AD-1 is a cornerstone system that will help in the development of India’s Next generation air defense component that is under development under its Extended Range Air Defence System (ERADS) Program.

DRDO plans to develop two new Air Defence Interceptor missiles with a long and very long-range interceptor missiles called ERSAM and XRSAM that will be on par with the S-400 Air defense system that has been recently acquired by the Indian Air Force.

ERSAM which is based on the Indo-Israeli LR-SAM/MR-SAM will have a range of 150-200km and will form the lower-end interceptor missile off the ERADS. XRSAM will use an AD-1 Airframe and some of its components will be India’s long-range Interceptor missile that can take out Force multipliers at a range of 350-450km and Fighter-sized targets at 250km.

AD-1 already can intercept Force multipliers like AWACS and Air Tankers that are flying well within its airspace but it can’t take out highly maneuvering fighter jets this is why a spin-off program will see the development of an XRSAM Interceptor missile that will be more optimized for taking out such targets while AD-1 is optimized for the ability to intercept a unitary target in the low endo-atmosphere.

ERADS will also make its way into the shipborne version as the Navy plans to replace its Indo-Israeli LR-SAM with longer-range ERSAM and XRSAM in future warships that are to be manufactured.

Russian S-300 and S-400 have demonstrated by taking out fighter jets at a distance of 150km and 217km that such long-range surface-to-air kill is very much possible if it is backed by an entire eco-system of surveillance and track and search radars that have extremely long-range capabilities. ERADS will enhance India’s overwhelming superiority in air defense in the coming years and also aid in the defense of the Ballistic Missile Defence shield.

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Article by TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR , cannot be republished Partially or Full without consent from Writer or