The North Atlantic Treaty Organization ‘NATO’ of two North American and 28 European countries has not been of any importance to India so far. But, its new summit, which is going to be held from June 14 at the headquarters of NATO in Brussels, the capital of Belgium, can prove to be of unprecedented importance for India this time as well.
Even if India is not on its agenda, the strategies and decisions discussed in the conference can have far-reaching effects on India’s foreign and defence policy as well.
How will it impact and why is it important for India?
The reason is China, not India. NATO’s hands and feet are flourishing due to China’s increasingly aggressive military activities. NATO, as a military organization, was formed 52 years ago, on April 4, 1949, under American leadership.
It was formed from the idea that the then Communist Soviet Union (today’s Russia) could not dare to attack any country in Western Europe.
During World War II, America and the Soviet Union fought together with Hitler of Germany. But as soon as the war ended in 1945, not only Germany, but the whole of Europe was also divided.
Communist governments were formed in the countries of Eastern Europe that the Soviet Red Army had liberated from Hitler’s occupation. Capitalist democratic governments were formed in the countries of Western Europe which were liberated by America and Britain. The old conflict between the two ideologies resumed, which is known as the ‘Cold War’.
The ‘Cold War’ ended with the fall of all communist governments in Eastern Europe, including the 15-nation Soviet Union, in November 1989, with the fall of the Berlin Wall symbolizing the division of Germany and Europe.
Almost all communist countries at that time became members of NATO, except Russia, which had survived the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Relations between Russia and America were also good for some time. But with the US expanding NATO to the western border of Russia and deploying American missiles there, these relations began to deteriorate again.
The NATO faction is a staunch opponent of Russian President Vladimir Putin. Calls them dictators, expansionists and rascals, so Russia is currently always a target of NATO.
America’s new president will join
New US President Joe Biden will also be in Brussels to attend the NATO summit. Two days later, on June 16, he will also meet with Russian President Putin in Geneva, Switzerland.
Even then, there is every chance of Russia being heard in Brussels. It has become the nature of the NATO bloc to continue to pose a Russian threat, knowing that the real threat to world peace at this time lies with China.
NATO Secretary-General Yens Stoltenberg, who was Norway’s prime minister, recently said, “China is moving closer to us,” but it is a force “that does not accept our values.” On the other hand, neither Neither he nor the other NATO leaders understand that through the policy of isolating Russia, they are pushing Putin into the arms of this very China.
In this NATO summit, the initiative named “NATO 2030” is to be reviewed, which was started last year.
The venture covers topics such as climate change, international terrorism, cyber-attacks and new-tech challenges, including potential threats and strategies to address potential threats from Russia and China.
The basic outline of the venture was drawn up in 2010. No serious threat was envisioned from the Chinese side at that time.
At that time all the NATO countries were busy flattering China and investing heavily there. Today they realize that they were feeding the dragon with milk and hoping that it would not spew poison. Germany was so immersed in this forgetfulness that even today its eyes are not opening properly.
Chancellor (Prime Minister) Angela Merkel has visited China 12 times with hundreds of investors each time in her 16-year tenure. This time the NATO summit will be his farewell conference.
Of late, now the leaders of the NATO countries have also started bowing their heads that China’s rapidly growing economic and military power can ever target them.
China is well on its way to becoming the world’s biggest grandfather and the biggest challenger to NATO. Instead of nuclear disarmament, it is engaged in taking the number of its nuclear weapons beyond one thousand.
It wants to become the world’s biggest superpower by its hundredth anniversary, which falls 29 years after becoming a communist country. He will have military bases in every corner of the world and he will be standing his leg in every dispute.
Why is China becoming a challenge?
NATO countries are also noting that Russia uses force only with small and weak countries around it, but China has no hesitation in engaging with a very big and nuclear-powered country like India. Has been doing. He is also intimidating his nearby overseas neighbours with his weapons.
The enormous importance that the free movement of cargo ships in the South China Sea has for the economy of Western countries cannot be overlooked.
Therefore, the perception is growing that NATO will have to be active in the Atlantic Ocean as well as in the Indo-Pacific region adjacent to China. They’re also the interests of NATO countries will have to be protected. He cannot remain a spectator sitting on the edge of the Atlantic.
The Chinese threat at this year’s NATO summit will certainly be taken more seriously than at any other summit so far. Whether the name of India should be taken or not, whatever decisions will be taken, India will definitely benefit from them.
The way India has eroded the teeth of the Chinese army on the icy heights of the Himalayas, the US-led NATO military bloc has also learned that India cannot be neglected in its strategy to limit China to its goods.
Naval ships from NATO countries America, Britain, Germany and France have either already reached the Indo-Pacific region or will soon. This presence of ships of NATO countries and the facility already given to India to use the US naval base on Diogo Garcia Island will lighten India’s burden.
India’s alliance with the US, Japan and Australia by being in the so-called ‘quad’ group of four countries can also be seen as an east-west informal strategy to deal with China. India can assume that unlike 1962, it is no longer alone.