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According to the “Times of India,” INS Sindhuratna, a Kilo class submarine that was in Russia for a major refit, is stuck in the country due to the lack of a sea lift commercial transport dock ship that could ferry the submarine from Russia to Mumbai.

Commercial transport dock ship operators do not want to operate from Russia due to the Russia-Ukraine war and economic sanctions. The Indian Navy is now planning to send the crew to Russia and sail the submarine to a port in Norway, where it will be ferried back to Mumbai by a commercial transport dock ship.

The INS Sindhuratna has finished its medium refit-cumulative life extension upgrade in Severodvinsk, Russia. INS Sindhuratna is the second of four old Russian Kilo-class submarines slated for modernization upgrades, each costing around Rs 1,400 crore, in order to keep the conventional fleet from depleting.

When the INS Sindhuratna arrives in Norway, it will take 35 days to transport the submarine to Mumbai.

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