In a boost to India’s deterrence capabilities, phase two of India’s ambitious Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) program is currently underway after the fabrication of the AD1 and AD2 interceptor missiles which clears its path into moving towards the developmental trials of the newly developed system.

AD1 and AD2 are next-gen interceptor missiles that can take out hostile ballistic missiles over a range of 1500km and 3000km. AD1 is an endo-atmospheric (within Earth’s atmosphere) interceptor missile that is already ready and could be tested with prior clearance. AD1 is a land-based air defense system effective against high-speed threats such as tactical ballistic missiles that can be mounted on 8×8 transporter erector launcher trucks and can also be adapted for Naval Warships.

AD2 is an exo-atmospheric (the space stretching beyond the Earth’s atmosphere) that is equipped with an advanced two-color infrared seeker and solid throttling divert and attitude control system to provide better interception capabilities against maneuvering ballistic missiles. AD2 also can be mounted on 8×8 transporter erector launcher trucks and also be adapted for Naval Warships.


India already has developed Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) and Advanced Air Defence (AAD) missile in Phase-I of its Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) program and currently two sites are being prepared to house Multi-Function Fire Control (MFCR) and Long Range Tracking Radar (LRTR) that will scan space for Ballistic Missiles to protect National Capital Region (NCR) and Mumbai.

Four MFCR and LRTR are currently being deployed or on their way to being deployed at multiple sites and it is expected that the system will go operational from 2023 onwards after being linked to IAF network.

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