Naval Group SMX-31 

French Naval group has confirmed that it is no longer in the race to provide six next-generation conventional-diesel attack class submarines to the Indian Navy’s Project-75I after it was not able to meet certain conditions of the Indian Navy. The naval group said it will continue to collaborate with India on the refit of the Kalvari class submarine with the DRDO-developed Fuel Cell-based Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) System.

DRDO-developed Fuel Cell-based Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) System land-based prototype was successfully demonstrated in endurance mode and max power mode as per the user requirements and now DRDO has started fabrication of the AIP system that it plans to integrate with help from the French Naval group into the first lead ship from 2023 onwards.

Germany-based ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems already has pulled out of the Indian Navy’s Project-75I due to the Liability clause and intended degree of Transfer of Technology (ToT). Rosoboronexport OJSC (ROE) of Russia also pulled out of the deal due to not meeting technical requirements. Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co Ltd of South Korea has offered its KSS-3 submarine which is the only submarine left that has proven lithium-ion battery technology and AIP system.

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