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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

India’s Second-gen nuclear ballistic missile submarine (SSBN), was recently caught on satellite imaginaries as India is set to being work on a larger SSBN program under which it has plans to develop a submarine with a displacement of 13000 tons and is also aggressively pursuing the development of 6000-ton nuclear attack submarine but this submarines will not leave their dry docks if India is not able to get its hands on next-generation pressurized water reactor that will require key technology transfers and Russian assistance to become a reality.

India in past received Russian assistance in the development of an 83 MW pressurized light-water reactor which was based on the Russian OK-700A/VM-4SG model. India’s both SSN and SSBN programs will rely on a pressurized water reactor that will be a derivative or an improved variant based on a Russian-designed OK-650V reactor that has a rated power output of 190MW.

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SOURCE: SRINIVAS GOWDA/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Since 2019, Nearly 400 component manufacturers have stopped manufacturing about 6,000 components that go into each Su-30MKI after the production line ended. HAL will get to procure and manufacture 12 more Su-30MKI multirole fighters but this might come in assembly kit form as direct supplies from Russia were preferred over local component manufacture as the price was steep in India.

HAL manufactured Su-30MKI fighter are not fully indigenized, only 51 percent is homemade, while the remaining 49 percent of supplies still come from Russia with the ongoing Ukraine-Russia conflict, IAF stares at the possibility of having difficulties in procuring spares from Russia due to the arms embargo on Russian entities and companies that could ground large part of the fleet if supply chain doesn’t improve in next few months.

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SOURCE:  JATIN RAM / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

HAL a few years back had proposed the development of an unmanned fighter aircraft based on the LCA-Tejas airframe that will come minus the cockpit section along with avionics and ejection seat and other life-saving instruments that are required for the manned jet. The proposed UCAV was supposed to have Fully Autonomous Take-Off and Landing, Low RCS, High Situational Awareness with AESA Radar, and an AI-backed computer that will aid manned fighter jets like Su-30 and LCA-Tejas fleet.

Years down the line, HAL announced it is working on CATS Warrior a low-cost, low RCS, a subsonic airframe that will have Internal bays but with a mear take-off weight of 1.3 tons and 250kg payload-carrying capabilities which should have classified it as a jet-powered MALE-UAV, while Loyal wingman program under development world over have supersonic flight capabilities and nearly 1.5-ton in payload capabilities.

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SOURCE: TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG.

After nearly awaiting for a year, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) of the Government of India cleared the procurement of 15 locally developed Light Combat Helicopters (LCH) from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). Initial batches will be of Limited Scale Production with higher import content that will be later be reduced at the Production variant which will have a direct impact on the per-unit cost that is likely to further tumble down.

HAL Chief in 2020 had revealed that the per-unit cost of LCH will be around 125 crores roughly $16 Million per unit but the contract price came at $34 Million ( 259 crores) which did raise some eyebrows but it seems contracted deal for 15 LCH will also factor in missiles, ammunition and the training equipment like simulators and additional spares, engines.

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SOURCE:  DEEPAK HILORI/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) working on the development of an Extended Range Air Defense System (ERADS) is well documented and recently it has been confirmed that the new missile systems will have two interceptor missiles, ERSAM that likely will be the Indian version of the Barak-ER and will have a range of 150km against fighter aircraft and other aerial targets that will work with the XRSAM that will be used to neutralize force multipliers like AWACS, Aerial Tankers and Transport aircraft.

Each firing unit of ERADS will have a set of four launchers with a pair of ERSAM and XRSAM Interceptor missiles system along with one search and track radar in s-band and one fire control radar in X-band and a mast-mounted radar in X-band for low flying target tracking.

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SOURCE:  JATIN RAM / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF ) chart for fighter jets induction that happened between 2021-2012 saw procurement of 878 4.5++ Generation fighter that’s more than 42 Squadron strength of Indian Air Force worth of jets that Chinese procured in last one decade alone.

PLAAF which was often called Vintage air force in early 2000, started working on a comprehensive modernization plan first by importing Su-27s from the Russian kit that started replacing older 3rd gen fighter jets but also showed slow transition towards 5th gen fighter jets at later part of years.

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SOURCE:  JATIN RAM / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Russian Aircraft losses over Ukraine appear to have been downed by man-portable air-defense systems (MANPADS), including the U.S. Stinger or Russian Igla systems. Heat-seeking short-range weapons that are rarely effective beyond 10,000 to 15,000 feet. That makes them more useful against helicopters, and less against modern warplanes which can fly up to 40,000 feet high.

But lack of precision-guided ammunition forced the Russian air force to fly low specially Su-25 and Su-35 Strike aircraft that are optimized for ground attack role and seems to have suffered at least a dozen confirmed kills making up only these two types. MANPADs indeed have also scored a lot of kills on advanced attack helicopters like Ka-52 and older Mi-25s, but helicopters attrition is on expected lines and not unusual in a war since they continue to remain the most venerable aerial objects in a war, but jet losses are highlighting how a million-dollar system can cheaply take a 60 million dollar jet out of the sky.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Pakistan Air Force (PAF) recently inducted six J-10CE fighter jets powered by the WS-10B Taihang turbofan engine and has plans to procure as many as more than 75 aircraft that will largely cater to replacing 60% of the F-16 fleet that were procured in the early ’80s. PAF also confirmed that the deal for 25 units of J-10CE was inked in June last year when PAF had requested early deliveries due to which all the airframes that were under production for the PLAAF had to be transferred to PAF to meet the urgent request by the PAF.

PAF’s J-10CE fleet is first to equipped with the Chinese developed HTY-5 zero-zero ejection seat instead of the British made Martin-Baker ejection seat, but PAF has plans to adapt the Martin-Baker ejection seat on future orders as all Chinese made K-8 and JF-17 in PAF active service are equipped with Martin-Baker ejection seats.

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SOURCE: MAHESH SHETTI / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Accidental firing of a training round of Brahmos missile deep inside Pakistan for over 120km might be the only time it was over hostile air space but utter lack of failure of Pakistani air defense system which not only failed to shoot it down but also failed to track Mach 3 capable missile for straight three minutes also shows that the 20-year-old missile that was first launched in 2001, still got the element of surprise that it was designed for.

In June of 2001, when India and Russia announced a successful test of PJ-10 that achieved near Mach 3 speed before taking down its targets 290km away it was noticed not only in the region but as far as in Washington of amazing capabilities of the new cruise missile. In the pre-Hypersonic missile era, the Brahmos missile was the only cruise missile that could cruise at Mach 2.4 to 2.8 at its terminal phase making it near impossible to be intercepted by any air defense systems, and even pretty much even today no air defense manufacturer is confident to make claims that their system can take out Mach 3 projectile that is flying within the atmosphere.

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SOURCE: RAJESH AHUJA / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Indian this week said that it has identified 18 Make-I categories of weapons that will be taken up with Priave sector companies and one of them is the development of a 300-kilowatt directed-energy weapon (DEW) that will represent a lead-head in capability for air and missile defenses and come as an instrumental next-generation technology that will be useful in neutralizing future weapons systems.

A Ground-based 300-kilowatt DEW can take down missiles, in addition to drones, cruise missiles, helicopters, and even airplanes. DEW development world over is progressing at a brisk pace but not many have developed and demonstrated 300-kilowatt DEW but land-based laser mounted on a flatbed truck will also mean it does need to carry ammunition in difficult terrain nor rely on a supply truck for it to be engaged.

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SOURCE: SATYAJEET KUMAR/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

According to Ukraine’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Russia has lost 353 tanks, as well as 60 tanker trucks and 1,165 armored vehicles but conservative estimates made by neutral observers estimate that Russian forces might have lost nearly 20-25% of the 1,200 tanks that were seen before the invasion in various sectors across the border with Ukraine.

Russian Military is relying mostly on older T-72 main tanks especially A, B, B3 variants that make up for the majority of the chuck of tank losses suffered by the Russian forces in the Ukraine invasion, there are some two dozen losses recorded also of the more modern T-90A tanks but neutral observers have also sported them quite less as part of strike corps which could be one of the reasons why little less has been seen of them.

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SOURCE: NARAYAN APTE/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

India’s AMCA 5th generation fighter jet will require an engine that is capable of generating 110kN of Wet thrust with 75kN Dry thrusts but it seems DRDO/ADA has decided that they instead will now settle for a 125kN of Wet thrust that will be used to power both 25-ton AMCA and 26-ton TEDBF Programs.

The development of the 125kN Jet engine was always on the minds of the DRDO/ADA so that it can cater to future power requirements of AMCA, TEDBF, and 6th Generation platform but going for 125kN Jet engine instead of 110kN engine seems to be more to cater to future weapons rather than a platform.

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SOURCE: NARAYAN APTE/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Colonel Oleksandr “Grey Wolf” Oksanchenko, a Ukrainian Air Force Flanker pilot lost his life when his Su-27 was shot down in Kyiv by Russian forces but the Air defense system in question was an S-400 system that was deployed in the Belarus southern border in Gomel Region near the Ukrainian border but it is estimated that the missiles could have covered nearly 150km before knocking down the Su-27 over Kyiv.

S-400 system consists of 400 km (40N6E missile) 250 km (48N6 missile) 120 km (9M96E2 missile) 40 km (9M96E missile) Interceptor missiles family and Russia had not deployed its 40N6E missile batteries and rather it was 48N6 missile that might have played a role in taking down Su-27 that was over 150km, confirming first kill for the S-400 system in the battle.

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SOURCE: JOYDEEP GHOSH / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Its’ been over 12 days since Russia attacked Ukraine. Many people are still confused as to why did Russia attack Ukraine in 2022 after capturing Crimea in 2014 and after declaring Luhansk and Donetsk as independent countries in 2022; just a few days before the attack on Ukraine commenced. There are several questions in people’s mind as to why 2 Eastern Slavic countries are fighting each other; why dies Russia wants to demilitarise Ukraine and be always neutral

The answer lies in the breakup of the USSR / Soviet Union and the things that Ukraine has done ever since. After the breakup of the Soviet Union when the smaller former Soviet states became independent nations, they inherited Soviet military hardware, military hardware manufacturing units, nuclear weapons, nuclear delivery systems, and a lot more. All these were initially claimed by Russia, as the rightful heir to the Soviet Union. But then reality dawned in, and Russia decided to let the former soviet states keep the military hardware including tanks, ships, rocket delivery systems, small arms manufacturing units but decided to retain the nuclear weapons, their delivery systems, their stockpile, and maintenance infrastructure. 

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SOURCE: PARSHURAM/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

The Russia-Ukrain War might be still going on without any side being clearly victorious, but it has already taught us some very valuable lessons, lessons which might end up honing India’s War-strategies against potential adversaries which are comparatively weaker.

Active Protection System :

An opponent which doesn’t have numerical symmetry in terms of Armoured Vehicles such as Ukraine, will definitely resort to asymmetrical warfare with ATGMs which are 8-10x cheaper than an IFV & 25-30× cheaper compared to an MBT. RPGs would be an even cheaper option with equal/better lethality at short-ranges.

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