My Take


Capture of Inner Mongolia 1934– How China subdued and captured the inner Mongolia region in past few hundred years is well known. When mongols living in those areas rose against oppression of Chinese monarchs, they were brutally overpowered with men, little kids murdered, women sold to slavery. Chinese claim over inner Mongolia, is mostly related to long march done before WW2 by the communist army when they were on the run from pursuit by Chiang Kai Shek’ Republic of China army.

It is mostly in inner Mongolia that they found refuge to recover themselves. Even in modern times, after end of WW2, when the mongols of Inner Mongolia were trying to assert their legitimacy, they were brutally suppressed. Can the Chinese government wash its hand off sin to brutally suppress the mongols of Inner Mongolia? Continue reading


In the events leading upto the current standoff in Ladakh region it would be wise to try and understand some important incidents in the second half of the 20th century regarding China. There are several prisms through which the nature of Chinese intrusions can be viewed. However I shall focus on one theme only which is to understand the reasons as to why China resorts to these sudden provocative maneuvers seemingly out of the blue and whether there is a precedent to it. We need to look back at some major incidents that occurred in the 1960s to see some parallels to the happenings of the past few years which have culminated in the current faceoff.

Throughout the 1960s the changing geopolitical situation and China’s own domestic political changes led to increasing border issues cropping up between China and the Soviet Union in the Manchurian region amongst other regions. As the Chinese increasingly started claiming several areas which were controlled by the Soviets, incursions became common with even chinese civilians crossing the border to confront the soviet border patrols. Continue reading


Deception is an art in which the dragon seems to have acquired great mastery. The recent standoff seems to be a grim reminder of how two large trading nations can still come to loggerheads thanks to hegemonic attitude and unilateral belligerence. Troops both from India and China were caught in eyeball to eyeball confrontation at Galwan, Pangong Tso and Naku la with differing accounts coming in media and wait for official joint statement of disengagement on all stand off locations still on.

These are not merely frontier locations but highly strategic points where the PLA has made strategic incursions. Experts do differ in the assessment of how deep Chinese incursions are, but ,have certainly voiced concerns at the presence of Chinese troops there. Now, the obvious question must be why so concerned about this confrontation as perception of LAC both in the eastern and western sector differs and such acts keep on taking place. It is so because this time incursions did not take place based on difference in perceptions but in areas where the PLA has long believed it’s claims did not lie, especially the Galwan valley. This valley was witness to Indo China clashes during 1962 war. The way the PLA brought in heavy machinery and armament raised certain valid questions Continue reading


Indian Army might be the only branch in Indian Armed Forces which continues to equip itself with imported weapons, from assault rifles to Main battle Tanks, Indian Army has made very little space for indigenous products while Air force and Navy are now starting to focus much more in support of indigenous weapon systems while our Army Generals are yet to move away from their bias import friendly mindsets.

IAF which once upon a time was called Import Air Force for a reason, now has three active fighter jet programs which will make up at least 60% of the fleet in the next 30 years which for the first time, air force will be moving away from the imported fighter jets. ALH, LUH, IMRH, and LCH Helicopters will ensure that the Helicopter fleet too is also largely indigenous in the next decade or so while the Indian Army is yet to become Atma-Nirbhar in Main Battle Tank space while locally developed Arjun tanks continue to wait for puny orders which come once in a while. Continue reading


First the Chinese Virus and then Military standoff in Ladakh, But the Modi government has failed to take any aggressive stand against China while public sentiments against China continue to grow with many Hardcore supporters of the Nationalist BJP Party are now questioning governments lukewarm response to both the situations in the country.

Many governments have taken a hardline stand on Chinese virus spread and many have gone head and even blamed China for the spread of the virus which not only has destroyed economies but also has killed over 4 lacks death worldwide but Modi government has not demanded any investigation into the origin of the virus nor it has made itself clear if the virus was mad made as claimed by many virologists all around the world. Few Indian scientists who made such claims have either deleted their Facebook and Twitter post but some have even backtracked from their previous assertion and findings. Continue reading


Pakistan Air Force (PAF) last month took delivery of one more Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft, which is fourth Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft which PAF has inducted Since 2019 Balakot airstrike was conducted by Indian Air Force (IAF), arch-rival PAF now has a fleet of Seven Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft and four Shaanxi ZDK-03 Karakoram Eagle Airborne Early Warning and Control System which  takes total to 11 Airborne Eye in the Sky of the rival airforce while IAF fleet still stands at 5.

IAF operates 2 DRDO developed Embraer mounted Netra AEW&C and three Phalcon AWACS mounted on IL-76 aircraft. IAF has plans to induct 2 Phalcon AWACS mounted on IL-76 aircraft and in the next 10 years has plans to induct Six Airbus A330 AWACS based on DRDO’s Netra technology on rotodome 360-degree coverage and Five C295 Netra AEW&C with its side-looking 240-degree coverage beam radar. Continue reading


As India and China stare down each other in various locations in Ladakh and various other locations across LAC, it is all about how well Indian tiger is prepared to take on the Chinese dragon. Not only is China numerically at advantage against India, in terms of troops but its weapons systems are also vast and numerically more than that of India.


Add to that that the physiological advantage of having captured over 38000 sq. kms of Indian territory in Aksai Chin and being gifted 5200 sq. kms of territory in Shaksgam valley Karakoram tract by Pakistan. Not to mention the slow creeping capture of territory in Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim by first sending in the nomads to graze cattle and sheep and then moving in the troops to permanently capture the grazing lands. Continue reading


Twin Engine Deck Based Fighter (TEDBF) Program cleared by Modi Government will cost Indian Taxpayers less than Rs.13,000 crores in Research & Development cost which will include 4 Pre-Production Prototypes and yet it will be cheaper than what it could have cost India if these jets were acquired from aboard, especially if Navy had pushed to acquire 57 jets under its “Multi-Role Carrier Borne Fighters” Tender.

Rafale M per unit flyaway cost in 2011 was reported to be around $89 million, which was flyaway costs per unit, minus its weapons package but with today’s inflation, it could easily be over $120-150 million per unit and F-18 E/ F in its latest Block-III version is estimated to be around $100 million flyaway costs per unit, which could still make TEDBF quite a cheaper option for the Indian Navy since Indian weapons package for the jet will be way cheaper than French and American weapons package which cost almost like a new jet. Continue reading


Zorawar Singh Kahluria was a general of the Dogra dynasty of Jammu, who were a vassal of the Sikh Empire. A subordinate to Dogra ruler Gulab Singh, his legacy of conquests in Himalaya Mountains include Ladakh, Tibet, Baltistan and Skardu. It is because of his exploits he is sometimes referred to as the “Napoleon of India”.

Early Life and Career

He was born in September 1784 in a Hindu Kahluria Rajput family in Kahlur (Bilaspur) state, of Himachal Pradesh.His family migrated to the Jammu region where, on coming of age, Zorawar Singh first took up service under Raja Jaswant Singh of Marmathi (modern Doda district), and then Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu. He was placed under the commandant of Reasi fort (Bhimgarh fort),he found about financial waste occurring in the fort administration, and boldly presented to King Gulab Singh his scheme to effect savings. Gulab Singh was impressed by Zorawar’s sincerity and appointed him commandant of Reasi, and later governor of Kishtwar and given title of Continue reading


India is on the path to develop a 25 tonne Twin Engine Deck Based (TEDBF) Fighter jet for Indian Navy and as per information coming in, which will be powered by Two F414-GE-INS6 afterburning turbofan engines manufactured by General Electric which generates Dry Thrust of 58 kN and Wet thrust class of 98 kN, which in Twin engine configuration will mean that TEDBF will have an excellent TWR or T/W ratio when compared to aircraft in its class.

Rafale M and Mig-29K are only other two carrier-based Twin-engine fighter jets which will be in the same class as TEDBF when it is ready. Rafale M is powered by the M-88 engine which generates a Dry Thrust of 50 kN and Wet thrust class of 75 kN, while Mig-29K is powered by RD-33MK ” Sea Wasp ” engines generates a have Dry Thrust of 50 kN and Wet thrust class of 88 kN. Continue reading


India has given Clearance to start Country’s fourth active fighter jet project recently which too will be powered by American F-414 afterburning turbofan engine, making it India’s third jet to be powered by an American engine made by General Electric company. India’s Tejas Mk1A jets will be powered by F404-GE-IN20 afterburning engines and Mk2 and TEDBF will be powered by F414-GE-INS6 engines.

IAF and Indian Navy will be looking at 300+ Jets which will be powered by American engines and equipping nearly 40% of your fighter jet fleet from a single-source vendor is also gamble which can backfire on India if the country doesn’t work in developing alternative engines for this fleet. Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadauria in recent media interview urged DRDO to develop a local engine with a foreign vendor and is it likely Defence ministry too will agree to fast track successor to the Kaveri program soon even though previous talks with French and American engine tech giant have failed to conclude a joint venture proposal. Continue reading


As per Pakistani defense Anaslyts, India and the United States are in process of allowing US forces access to a base in Ladakh region of India under Logistic Exchange Memorandum of Understanding (LEMOA) possibly for deployment of Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) missile defence system in the region under US command. Analyst claims China was warned about it earlier in the year in an Intel report and the current standoff between Indian and Chinese troops near LAC in Aksai Chin and Ladakh region was due to India developing the required infrastructure for THAAD deployment in the area.

China gets spooked whenever THAAD anti-ballistic missile defense system is deployed by US forces in the region and has been complaining of recent deployment in South Korea which shares no land border with China. Continue reading


CDS General Bipin Rawat few weeks ago made a rather controversial statement when he said that Indian Air Force (IAF) has agreed to replace its fighter jets it had sought under MMRCA tender with locally made LCA-Tejas and soon his statement was rebutted by the Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadauria who later clarified that LCA-Tejas being a Lightweight class fighter it can’t replace MMRCA requirement and specified need for “Rafale class” fighter jet but IAF will go ahead with its plans to acquire 83 Tejas Mk1A,100 Tejas Mk2, and another 100 AMCA in next two decades to replace its current fleet with locally developed fighter jets while still making a case to acquire 114 jets under MMRCA tender.

Earlier this year Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) had offered to develop a 24.5-tonne Twin-engine fighter jet for Carrier-based operations to meet the requirement of the Indian Navy and also replace Russian developed Mig-29K fleet from 2030 onwards once Twin Engined Deck Based Fighter (TEDBF) jet goes into production. ADA also has offered IAF a lighter variant 23 tonnes Twin-engine fighter jet minus the heavy landing gears and strengthen rear fuselage thus putting the aircraft in “Rafale class”, but since it was not clear if the project will be approved so it was assumed that IAF was not fully onboard, and was yet to comment officially on the program, so confusion remained. Continue reading


CDS General Bipin Rawat a while ago confirmed reports that Navy’s plan for third aircraft carrier might be shelved as the country faces economic turmoil due to global pandemic situation and big-ticket projects like an aircraft carrier and Carrier Battle Group (CBG) in support of an aircraft carrier will simply drain the resources with the limited budget country has allocated for the Indian armed forces.

Indian Navy has been planning to have three Carrier Battle Groups (CBG) to tackle the Chinese Navy’s growing plans to operate outside its domain, particularly focus kept to beef up its capabilities to operate in the Indian ocean which Indian Navy always calls its backyard. New Satellite images of Gwadar Port in Pakistan, Cambodia, and Myanmar confirms the Chinese Navy’s plans to develop permanent naval facilities to operate and move warships in the area to secure its oil supplies in case of war in the region. Continue reading


On the 22nd anniversary of Pakistan’s successful nuclear tests, Opposition Leader in National Assembly Shahbaz Sharif is quoted as saying: “May 28 would always be remembered as a day when Pakistan’s defence was made invincible” (“Nawaz eulogised for ‘making Pakistan nuclear power’”, Dawn, May 29, 2020).

Invincibility is a laudable goal – but have nuclear weapons really made Pakistan invincible during these high stress times when terrorists can strike at any moment. Despite advanced technology and valiant efforts, the Pakistan military still struggles to eliminate violent extremism. Ultimately the only way to become truly invincible is to not have any enemies. If there are no internal or external threats, there are no enemies. No enemies, no conflict. But how could such an ideal goal be achieved when tensions are so high? A proven scientifically validated approach is needed to reduce tensions resulting in violent extremism. Continue reading