A Canadian intelligence report alleging potential Indian interference in the country’s elections has sparked diplomatic tensions between the two nations. This accusation, the first of its kind against India, adds another layer to the already strained relationship between New Delhi and Ottawa.

The Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) report, titled ‘Briefing to the Minister of Democratic Institutions on Foreign Interference,’ identified India as a “foreign interference threat” and claimed its activities could worsen if not addressed. Notably, the report also cites China as the “most significant threat” in this regard.

Reacting to the report, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has ordered an inquiry into the allegations. This follows earlier tensions ignited by Canada’s September 2023 accusations of “potential” Indian involvement in the killing of a Khalistani leader in British Columbia, allegations rejected by India as “absurd” and “motivated.”

India has yet to issue an official response to the CSIS report’s accusations. However, given its previous denials of interference in Canadian affairs, a strong rebuttal is likely.

This episode could further strain India-Canada relations, which have been experiencing challenges in recent months. It also highlights the growing concerns about foreign interference in democratic processes around the world.