We all know India is the last to join the 5th generation bandwagon but to make up for the lost time and to keep pace with the fast-changing development of 5+ generation technologies and the possibility of at least a few countries starting the process of development of 6th generation fighter jets in the same era when AMCA will be entering production in India.

Aeronautical Development Agency has been branding AMCA Mk2 as 5.5th generation fighter jet a higher classification to signify that it will be superior to present 5th generation fighter jets but not as good to be called as 6th generation fighter jet that is yet to be defined in terms of basic characters of the technologies that will be included in the jet. they are five top features of the AMCA Mk2 that will indeed make it stand out from the crowd, these features are not in the existing 5th generation fighter jets, and that what makes AMCA unique among its class.

Five top features of the AMCA Mk2 

Integrated vehicle monitoring system (IVHM): ADA has confirmed that AMCA Mk2 will feature an advanced variant of the Health monitoring system that will use Artificial Intelligence to predict. IVHM will not only able to do the self-diagnose of the aircraft but also warn plot even before the aircraft takes off. Some of 5th gen fighters have a basic health monitoring system that is mostly into aircraft’s avionics but AMCA IVHM will also be able to monitor the performance of engines and other sensors and will able to reduce downtime of the aircraft. 

Artificial Intelligence (AI): AMCA will have its own AI that will not only use its IVHM for health monitoring but also aid in putting up the relevant Multi-sensor data fusion for enhanced situational awareness using its algorithm to predict immediate threat levels. AMCA will be getting self-learning AI that will keep learning about the aircraft and will be updated with the latest features throughout its service life.

Automated takeoff and landing (ATOL): Another first for the AMCA will be ATOL capability for the aircraft that reduces the workload of the pilot when it ready for take off from the runway. Pilots have options to chose from preset settings for ATOL to take place that will engage throttle control and flight controls as per preset setting that has been engaged by the Pilot. Different weapons and fuel loads will have a predefined or optimal preset mode for ATOL capability that will reduce additional fuel usage and keep it under safety parameters of the aircraft to avoid any take off related accidents.

Auto air-to-air refueling (Auto AAR): Another first for the AMCA will be fully automatic air-to-air refueling that will take the load of the pilot. Airbus tanker test aircraft equipped with fully automatic air-to-air refueling has demonstrated such capabilities but in AMCA it will be the receiver aircraft that will be able to do mid-air refueling that will cover the whole aerial refueling envelope. 

Remote Piloting: AMCA will be featuring an advanced variant of the Automatic Ground Collision Avoidance System (Auto GCAS) to save pilots life who often succumb to G-Induced Loss of Consciousness (GLOC) during a high-speed maneuver. Auto GCAS is activated when there is no response from the pilot at the control stick or throttle. the system consists of a set of complex collision avoidance and autonomous decision-making algorithms that utilize precise navigation, aircraft performance, and onboard digital terrain data to determine if a ground collision is imminent. If the system predicts an imminent collision, an autonomous avoidance maneuver—a roll to wings-level and +5g pull—is commanded at the last instance to prevent ground impact.

What if the Pilot is not able to regain his consciousness and remains incapacitated?, then Auto GCAS will still keep control of the aircraft but it can’t fly back the aircraft to defined waypoints or to the nearest airbase or airport for an emergency landing due to which ADA plans to introduce remote take over of the aircraft controls from an external pilot on the ground that will require a high level of Artificial Intelligence to work with remote pilot to land back the aircraft while it still has enough fuel to carry out this process. 

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Article by TUSHKAR SHIRODKAR ,  cannot be republished Partially or Full without consent from Writer or