SOURCE: Debojyoti Kumar / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

Introduction of Cannons in War

Cannons are very efficient gunpowder artillery which have their roots in history back in several hundred years. Invention of gunpowder in 9th century in China, led to

the invention of fireworks and firearms in China. In 11th century cannons helped the Song dynasty of China to ward off its enemies. In the year 1593 40,000 Ming (Ming Dynasty) troops defeated the Japanese army of equal numbers in the siege of Pyongyang in a single day largely due to the firepower of the Chinese cannons. The chemical formula for gunpowder and its refinement process reached Europe in complete form in 13th century through European traders returning from China. European scientists,inventors and alchemists improved the gunpowder. Berthold Schwarz of Germany invented the first European cannon in 1353. With the help of advanced techniques of metal work stronger and durable cannons were created. Europeans learned to calculate and determine the amount of force of gas in the chamber of the cannon and this knowledge helped to create cannons that can fire greater distances. The advancements in cannons and gunpowder reached China by a Portuguese ship in 1520 AD. Continue reading


A spokesperson for Sri lanka Air Force Group Captain Chandima Alwis Speaking to local private news agency stated that Sri Lankan Air Force (SLAF) was not under any kind of pressure to purchase India’s Light Combat Aircraft Tejas as reported by a certain section of the media.

Alwis also confirmed that Sino-Pakistan developed JF-17 fighter jet was never shortlisted nor Government had initiated any kind of process to enter into an agreement to buy 8 of this jet as reported in media. Continue reading


The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) a daily published in Sydney said in a report that while India’s 6000-tonne Arihant Nuclear submarine is all set for Induction into Indian Navy which will push India into Elite Countries who posses Nuclear Blastic missile Submarine clearly aimed at Countering China’s growing influence in Indian ocean Region, Bejing will be forced to respond to India’s New Submarine by adding Pakistan submarine program .

Arihant Nuclear submarine deployment would complete India’s nuclear triad, allowing it to deliver atomic weapons from land, sea and air. Only the US and Russia are considered full-fledged nuclear triad powers now, with China and India’s capabilities still largely untested. Continue reading


What could fall into the classic case of ” Ghar ki murgi dal barabar” which roughly translates into ” Personel possession are always undermined and other’s possessions seem better”, according to report prepared by IAF has flagged indigenous developed new generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM) as too bulky?

DRDO developed NGARM is a tactical Anti-radiation Missile (ARM) which is a 100km ranged missile which picks up radiation or signals emitted by radars and communication systems, homes on to the target and destroys the network. Continue reading


IAF’s biggest air fire power show ” Iron Fist-2016″ which begins from March 18 at Chandan field firing range in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan will see test firing of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) developed air-to-air Astra Beyond-Visual-Range missile for the first time in the presence of VVIPs like President Pranab Mukherjee and Prime Minister Narendra Modi .

Demo test firing of indigenously developed Astra BVRAAM shows that weapon system has graduated from prototype/developmental stage to production stage and will complete all its test flights before missile enters production later this year said well-informed sources close to Continue reading


Technology of USS Gerald R.Ford (CVN-78) likely to influence IAC-2  

With regards to design and configuration of second indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC-2/ INS Vishal) which still been chalked out by Indian Navy, there is growing degree of concern seen among veteran naval personnel on influence of Joint working group for aircraft carrier technology corporation formed under the ambit of the US-India Defence Technology and Trade Initiative framework will have on next aircraft carrier.

Several retired high-ranking naval and Defence Analyst are worried that Indian Navy might abandon its conservative and tactical approach and might adopt bolder doctrine based on sea control and reach clearly influenced by US Navy which will influence IAC-2 and force India to invest in capability and symbolism of larger single aircraft carrier , which will be highly vulnerable in war then to go for multiple relatively small and conventionally powered vessels that embark 30-35 combat aircraft. Continue reading

SOURCE: Samarpeet chandan/ FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG

With statistics , lets evaluate how much the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is scrutinized for using terror as state policy:
Pakistan received:
  • 33-billion $ in 10 years as aid from US
  • Of which foreign military finance(FMF) is 3.8 billion $ , counter-insurgency fund 2.3 billion $ and non-proliferation fund of .17 billion $
  • Other Western nations and China gave 4.15 billion $ as aid
  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) gave 4.4 billion $ between 2009 -2012
  • The world Bank bailed out Pakistan with 5 billion $ in recent years
  • IMF has assisted Pakistan with 11.2 billion $ in 6 years
  • Saudi-Arabia, Pakistan’s patron and brother in arms has many times deferred oil payments, provided for oil at crucial times and funded 1.5 billion $ as bailout in 2014

Continue reading


Swedish defence major Saab plans to Make its Gripen fighter in India has roadblock with stiff resistance coming from Indian Air force said well-informed sources close to IAF is not in favour of ordering 4.5+ Gen fighter jet, even though SAAB has offered India technical help in the development of indigenous AMCA 5th generation fighter aircraft in lieu of orders for its Gripen fighters which lost out of Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft tender in 2011 which was won by French Rafale fighter jets.

At present India is negotiating with France for procurement of 36 Rafale fighter jets out of 126 requested by Indian Air Force under Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft tender and Defence minister Parrikar already has confirmed that by end of this year another vendor will be selected who will make up to 90 fighter jets in India with active participation from Private sector company with major transfer of technology . Continue reading


Responding to an email query of, HAL-Samtel Joint venture company formed to address avionics requirements of HAL, especially cockpit displays of all kinds has confirmed to that HAL-Samtel JV has successfully delivered more than 130 MFD sets (900 Units) for Sukhoi-30s, there by replacing foreign OEM Supplied MFDs in major chunk of Sukhoi-30s already inducted in Indian Air force .

HAL-Samtel along with DRDO’s DARE lab has been developing rugged Multi-function Displays (MFDs) which could withstand harsh avionics environment, while maintaining a high level of optical and functional performance during operations. All MFDs were flight tested successfully on Sukhoi-30s under the supervision of Indian Air force test pilots before functional MFDs supply begin to replace foreign MFDs. Continue reading


Plane spotters in India are having difficult times when it comes to following tail numbers on HAL manufactured Sukhoi-30 MKI lately. Tail numbers are grossly misleading due to production phases which have been mixed up leading to leapfrogging from Phase to Phases.

The original order for 140 Sukhoi-30MKI’s to be built by HAL in India comprised of four Phases from I to IV and IV been where Sukhoi-30s were to be built completely from RAW material stage while earlier phases involved a certain level of kit supply from Russia depending on different phases agreed upon. Continue reading

SOURCE: Debojyoti Kumar / FOR MY TAKE / IDRW.ORG


Electronic Warfare (EW) has become one of the most talked about topics in the defense industry. With the exception of Russia nearly all major military powers for the last 20 years or so had put EW on the back burner. But now with the impending need to deal with peer and near-peer adversaries and to have the ability to enter anti-access/area denial (A2AD) environments EW has become a critical requirement and thus has become a primary and compulsory aspect of modern war.


What Is Electronic Warfare?

Electronic warfare (EW) is any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack an enemy equipment, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum. Continue reading


According to Analyst, Combined requirement of Helicopters for Indian Armed forces will hover around 1200 helicopters for different types of needs which Armed forces will need in next 10-15 years to replace ageing and retiring fleet of helicopters.

Tri-Service requires 484 Light utility helicopters to replace Cheetah/Chetak fleet of helicopters for which Army requires 259, IAF 125 and Navy around 100 helicopters of LUH class and Coastguard and other Paramilitary forces will have their own requirements over 484 Helicopters. Continue reading


India’s super secretive indigenously developed first Nuclear-Powered Ballistic Missile Submarine (SSBN) INS Arihant has reportedly cleared all deep sea trials along with all major weapons trials and now is ready to assume operational duties in service of the nation.

INS Arihant will provide India with much-needed second strike nuclear strike capabilities against arch rivals and also complete India’s triservice capability to deliver nukes from air, land and sea. Arihant will become operation with K-15/B-05 solid-fuelled SLBM with a 750km-1000km range. Continue reading


Reports are emerging in media that India may place orders for 40 more Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter jets with Russia, but well-informed sources close to informed that it is actually Russia which is pursuing India for additional orders while Indian Air force Chief has made it clear that IAF is not interested in placing additional orders over 272 ordered.

Last of the HAL assembled Su-30MKI at Nashik would be delivered to Indian Air force by 2018-19 two years beyond schedule which was initially set and HAL has been producing 12 aircraft per year on average and till date nearly 170 + have been delivered to IAF out of 222 which were to be built by HAL. Continue reading


HAL’s Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) which took off and landed at forward landing base in the Siachen Glacier, the world’s highest battlefield last year flew with decent payload at such high altitude (4.8km altitude ) said HAL’s chief T Suvarna Raju.

Raju confirmed that LCH which is first attack helicopter to land and take-off from forward landing base in Siachen with a payload of 400kg. and now has completed performance trials and is paving the way for finalisation of basic IOC Configuration and letter of completion has been handed over by CEMILCA in the presence of defence minister last Oct 2015. Continue reading