Border management is a crucial aspect of national security. Securing international borders plays an important role in securing the nation. Thus, nations need to police their borders expediently, while not antagonising their neighbours and adhering to international norms and conventions.

India ‘s immediate neighbourhood consists of the 15,106 km of its territorial boundary that it shares with six nations-Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh. The extent and types of threats and challenges that it faces while managing its borders, greatly differ with regards to all six of its territorial neighbours. The security challenges that India faces at the international borders can be broadly classified as follows Continue reading


Ministry of defence (MoD) has set a deadline of 2018 for state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in developing Upgraded Tejas MK-1A which will come with new Active Electrically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar, Unified Electronic Warfare (EW) Suite, mid-air refuelling capacity and beyond the vision range missiles and easy on Maintenance .

HAL on other hand wants to rope in Makers of Gripen fighter jet Swedish company “SAAB” to help in develop new upgraded LCA-Tejas in less than two years for which Indian Air Force has a requirement for 80 + aircraft . Continue reading


India’s NAVIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation ) is finally taking shape with the successful launch of IRNSS-1G which is India’s very own Navigation Satellite System equivalent to Global Position System (GPS) of the USA, the Russian Glonass, China’s BeiDou and Galileo of Europe.

But India’s perception about Military use of space changed only in 2007 after China using an ASAT System destroyed a defunct weather satellite which finally lead to India’s MOD setting up tri-service integrated space cell (ISC) in 2010 taking note of the evolving threat in the space in general and its vicinity. Continue reading


Officials from Almaz-Antey ASD Corporation which manufactures TOR-M2KM SAM System mounted on TATA Motor wheeled Truck have argued with Indian officials that their SAM system is significantly better than Israeli Spyder system and they are ready to deliver this system to India .

According to highly reliable sources close to , Russians argued that TOR-M2KM can carry 8 missiles in one launcher when compared to 4 missiles per launcher of Spyder SAM System . TOR-M2KM SAM consists of four launchers with 32 missiles while Spyder system consists of 6 launchers with 24 missiles making TOR-M2KM SAM system 25 % more efficient . Continue reading


Kalvari 1st of Scorpene class subs built at MDL went to sea for first time today off Mumbai coast.

INS Kalvari (S50) first of Scorpene-class submarine Made in Mumbai set for Sea Trials today marking an end to long wait for India’s quest to acquire conventional submarine force . It took 11 years from the date of the agreement for the first submarine to be ready for induction .

Project-75 also bears eloquent testimony to India’s industrial and scientific prowess which will enable Indian Industries and shipyards to be better prepared for the bigger push to construct indigenous SSK and SSN . Continue reading


Artillery is one of the most important arms of a modern army, in the age of laser-guided airstrikes it’s the old school shelling that often gives the extra push; even though modern ammunition now come with their own guidance systems.

For the Indian Army, its artillery has been in hibernation state for years, we all know why. 105mm IFG and the 105mm LFG have been the workhorse of the army and of course the big guy, the infamous howitzer the Bofors FH77. It’s the hero of the army’s equipment which proved its worth in the Kargil War. Continue reading


British Company Thales Air Defence reportedly has offered India its Starstreak HVM (High-Velocity Missile) Man-portable air-defense system to provide protection against low-level threats like civilian unmanned quad copters drones, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and Attack Helicopters providing a vital capability for force protection .

According to highly reliable sources close to , an offer was made by Thales in DefeXpo 2016 recently held in Goa . Starstreak High-Velocity Missile is designed to provide close air defence against conventional air threats such as fixed wings fighters and late unmasking helicopter targets . Continue reading


Serious disagreements on proposed Indo-Russian Joint development of Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) seems to have grounded the project indefinitely and might have also sounded the death knell for the project since now  Russia plans to work alone on the development of II-214 .

New Proposed twin turbofan 20-tonne tactical transporter was to replace An-32 fleet and could have lead to IAF inducting 45 MTA Transporter which was to be built in India . The main bone of contention has been using Aviadvigatel PS-90A76 derivate engine on MTA which has been Red flagged by IAF multiple times in negotiation talks . Continue reading


French air force Rafale seen above armed with Nuclear capable ASMP-A Cruise missile 

India and France are on the final lap of negotiations and close to an agreement to sell 36 Rafale fighter jets. 36 Rafale fighters will make up barely two Squadrons in Indian Air Force While IAF wants to further expand Rafale fleet to 60 aircraft but MOD now seems to be more interested in Making in India American F-16 or F-18 fighter jet in locally then procure more French-built Rafale Omni role fighter jet .

Can Two Squadron of French Rafale fighter jets change the outcome of a war ? Not really but Rafale fighter jet might still play a vital role in India’s deterrence capabilities and might be next designated aircraft which will be tasked to deliver a nuclear weapon when needed . Continue reading


Bangalore-based Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a public sector undertaking owned by MoD for years argued with Indian Air Force that it can develop an upgraded Tejas dubbed Mark 1-A which will come with 43 improvements over the existing Tejas Mark 1 and host of major technological improvements which will negate the need for the development of proposed Stretched Mark II.

HAL promised Mark 1-A with five major improvements like AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar, Air-to-air refueling probe ,Externally fitted Electronic warfare suite and a new internal layout to iron out maintenance issues. Continue reading


After been in Cold Storage for more than a decade , DRDO now plans to revive 155m 52 Calibre Self-Propelled Artillery Gun mounted on Arjun MBT derivative chassis soon said a well-informed source close to . BHIM Project had cleared all Indian Army user trials before South African state-owned Company Denel was blacklisted amid corruption charges which had co-developed BHIM with DRDO and had also provided its 155mm / L52 howitzer Gun for the project.

DRDO has not officially explained how it plans to source the new gun but many Industrial experts believe that DRDO fight source new Gun neither from Kalyani or use modified derivative Gun from in-house Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) project currently been developed with partnership with Kalyani and TATA . Continue reading


Type 45 destroyer propulsion arrangement

It’s more or less official now that Indian Navy has planned to adopt next-generation propulsion systems for all its future principal surface combatants projects.Integrated electric propulsion (IEP) or Integrated full electric propulsion (IFEP) has been finally zeroed in to be integrated into the upcoming project like India’s second indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC-2), the INS Vishal.

IEP eliminates the mechanical connection between the engines and the propulsion which in turn reduces need for clutches and even Gear Box , Advantage of IEP for Surface ships has many advantages like reduction of weight and volume, Reduction in acoustic signatures,better placement of engines in the hull and reduced manpower for its maintenance . Continue reading


MBDA is advancing co-development of a vertical launch (VL) MICA-based solution to India’s Defence Research and Development Establishment (DRDO) to secure the Indian Navy’s (IN’S) short-range surface-to-air missile (SRSAM) requirement.

VL MICA is a short-range fire-and-forget missile that can be equipped with either infrared (IR) homing seeker (VL MICA IR) or with an active radar (VL MICA RF). The navy’s SRSAM requirement is a vertically launched system with 360° coverage to engage hostile targets at a range of up to 15 km. SRSAM will technically replace the Israel Aerospace Industries/ Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Barak 1 point defence missile in IN service Continue reading


Over the years, India has been quietly beefing up its western sector facing Pakistan. IAF’s ability to detect and track aircraft movements deep inside enemy territory over the years has been boosted by Induction of wide array of radars like LLTRs (low-level transportable radars), MPRs (medium-power radars) , Aerostat to indigenous medium-range Rohini systems, Arudhra (AESA, 4D) and Aerial platforms like AWACS and CABS EMB-145i AEW&C which will be India’s formidable eyes in the sky and true force multipliers .

Western sector more or less has now covered all the existing gaps in the country’s air defence coverage with Seamless data transfer from military radars to different IACCS (integrated air command and control system) nodes to ensure swift counter-measures to thwart aerial threats as soon as they are detected in real time . Continue reading


About 30,000 soldiers from Mathura-based Strike 1 corps are participating in exercise Shatrujeet to evaluate the capability of the Army to strike deep into enemy territory in an integrated air-land battle environment. More than month long Exercise 400kms away from Delhi near Bikaner where Indian Army is conducting it largest operation oriented exercise incorporating new-age technologies and weapon platforms.

According to Defence Analyst Ranesh Rajan close to , Current Exercise has also validated Army operations after a Nuclear Strike and attempts to fine tune Cold Start doctrine for which Army has created war-like situations near International border to keep the force in high-state of battle readiness. Continue reading