Last year, the Indian Navy released a video displaying its capabilities in designing and manufacturing Naval assets and in a split second clip showcased a submarine design that is similar to the present diesel-electric attack Kalvari Class submarine that is based on the Scorpène-class submarine’s design of French and Spanish origin but at a closer look it has two important modular sections that are not part of the Kalvari Class design.

Often called Super Kalvari, diesel-electric attack submarines showcased showed the addition of the Fuel Cell-based Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) System module and addition of 8 missiles in each 4-cell Vertical Launch module that will house BrahMos SLCM or the Nirbhay Sub-sonic cruise missile. In the cutout comparison above even Internals of both the submarines have been redone showing new design changes in the bigger Super Kalvari class that seems to be on the design board.

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New technologies that can define future wars are scheduled to be discussed by top commanders of the Indian Air Force (IAF) at the weeklong ‘Air Force commanders’ conference’.

The event, which will be held between April 15 and 21, will be a brain-storming session. In a statement, the IAF said the conference “aimed at addressing the issues of operational capabilities in the times to come. A series of discussions would be conducted over a period of three days to address strategies and policies related to capabilities that would give the IAF a significant edge over its adversaries”. The conference assumes significance as the IAF is working towards having threat-assessment based artificial intelligence (AI) and use the upcoming technology to train pilots to assess their activities while flying planes.

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During high-level talks, the Chinese side showed reluctance in disengaging from the remaining friction points at Gogra Heights, Hot Springs, Depsang plains and CNN Junction near Demchok. The Chinese surface-to-air missile batteries, including their HQ-9 air-defence system with a strike range of 250 km, continue to be deployed close to Indian territory in Ladakh.

Top government sources told India Today TV that the Indian agencies are closely monitoring these
air-defence batteries, which may pose threat for Indian fighter aircraft and helicopters operating in the region. “The Chinese People’s Liberation Army has continued deployment of surface-to-air missiles, including the HQ- and HQ 22, close to the Indian territory,” they said.

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SOURCE: Business India

‘When nations go to war, the nation with better technology will win,’ India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said in 2019, and perhaps taking that cue, the country’s defence planners are embarking on their next-generation modernisation program in a quest to be future-ready.

The transforming geopolitical landscape is driving preparations the world over for future wars that will be waged less with the bullet than with cyber technology, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, quantum computing, augmented and virtual reality, robotics, big-data analytics, unmanned drones, small-satellite constellations for 5G and 6G telecommunications, information acquisition, 3D printing, nanomaterials and human augmentation devices.

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The space is cluttered with satellites — both functional and defunct. As more and more objects are launched into space, the probability of a collision increases. Two computer scientists at Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology-Delhi are now working on an algorithm that can predict if an object is on a collision course with a satellite upto a month in advance.

Using the algorithm, agencies like the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) or the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) can monitor the safety of the vital Indian satellites and take preventive measures, if any, if these satellites are at risk of being hit by a stray piece of space debris.

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French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian is to visit India this week for talks with his counterpart S Jaishankar on strengthening ties on a range of issues including trade, defence, climate, migration and mobility, education and health in a post-covid world.

Le Drian’s visit is the third high level visit from France to India this year. A statement from the Indian foreign ministry on Monday said Le Drian will be in New Delhi from 13-15 April and will also meet with environment minister Prakash Javadekar. “India and France enjoy a strategic partnership since 1998 which has been marked by regular high level exchanges and growing cooperation in diverse areas,” the statement said.

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Two years ago, Maoists ambushed 25 BSF (Border Security Force) troopers in the jungles of Chhattisgarh’s Kanker district, killing four of them. The ambush could have been far worse but for the fact that the security forces carried out a determined counter-ambush—that is foiling an attack and forcing the Maoists to retreat. What happened in the ‘Mahla encounter’ is critical to understanding the weapons profile, equipment and training required to defeat the most lethal tactic in the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA)’s arsenal—the ambush.

An ambush allows over a hundred trained guerillas concealed in the jungle, arrayed in a ‘U’ formation around the security forces. The U is then looped like a net with withering fire being brought down onto those trapped in the kill zone and the guerillas gradually closing in to finish off the trapped troopers.

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An announcement by the US Navy’s 7th Fleet, that it conducted a patrol on Wednesday in India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the western Indian Ocean near Lakshadweep without taking permission from New Delhi, has created a tsunami of outrage. For a while, it seemed all bonhomie of Quad has been washed away to the high seas before it was discovered that the issue was worth little more than a storm in a teacup.

The announcement and the sequence of events that followed leading to a mild statement of protest from India, however, drove home the reminder that despite a tectonic shift in the relationship and increasingly close strategic embrace, bilateral ties are still subject to historical baggage from the Cold War era, and residual misunderstandings fall somewhere between overinterpretation on India’s part and underthinking on the part of the US.

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The US Navy’s Seventh Fleet conducted what it calls a Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) drill through India’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) on April 7. A strong and unusually worded release from the US Seventh Fleet headquartered in Yokosuka, Japan, said that the destroyer USS John Paul Jones asserted ‘navigational rights and freedoms approximately 130 nautical miles west of the Lakshadweep Islands, inside India’s EEZ or continental shelf’ without requiring India’s prior consent, consistent with international law. (The EEZ is a 200 nautical mile belt of oceanic territory around a costal state.)

India’s demand for prior consent for military exercises or manoeuvres in its EEZ was a claim inconsistent with international law, the release said.

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SOURCE: Ajai Shukla

The most far-reaching structural change to the military that the ministry of defence is currently evaluating relates to restructuring the army, navy and Indian Air Force into integrated theatre commands. This involves merging 17 single-service commands into a smaller number of joint-service commands, in which the combat capabilities of all three services are synergised to create greater battlefield effect.

To plan, oversee and implement this essential reorganisation, the government created the post of a tri-service Chief of Defence Staff and, on January 1, 2020, elevated the army chief at that time, General Bipin Rawat, to be the first CDS. In the 15 months since then, much work has been done, but crucial questions remain: Who will the theatre commanders report to in wartime? Will their boss be the CDS, who will directly control combat operations? Or will they report to a Defence Council — an unwieldy committee, headed by the defence minister?

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The Centre on Monday extended the ceasefire agreements with three insurgent groups of Nagaland for one more year till April next year. In a statement, the Ministry of Home Affairs said the ceasefire agreements are in operation between the government of India and National Socialist Council of Nagaland/NK (NSCN/NK), National Socialist Council of Nagaland/Reformation (NSCN/R) and National Socialist Council of Nagaland/K-Khango (NSCN/K-Khango).

“It was decided to extend the ceasefire agreements for a further period of one year with effect from April 28, 2021 to April 27, 2022 with NSCN/NK and NSCN/R and from April 18, 2021 to April 17, 2022 with NSCN/K-Khango,” the statement said. These agreements were signed on Monday.

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SOURCE: Press Trust of India

China has opened a 5G signal base at the Ganbala radar station in the remote Himalayan region of Tibet which is the world’s highest manually operated radar station at an elevation of 5,374 meters, the Chinese military’s official website reported on Monday.

The mountain is located in Nagarze County in Tibet which is in the vicinity of borders with India and Bhutan. At the end of last year, the People’s Liberation Army started to coordinate with civilian enterprises to launch 5G base station construction in Ganbala to solve the difficulty of network access for the border defence troops, the website said.

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In a setback for Islamabad, the United Kingdom in its new amended regulations on money laundering, terror financing has listed Pakistan under high-risk states. Pakistan is listed under 21 ‘high-risk third countries’, which includes North Korea, Syria, Zimbabwe, Syria, Yemen. 

The ‘Amendment of the Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds (Information on the Payer) Regulations 2017’ has the amendment listing out the new list which includes Pakistan. The regulation came into effect on March 26. 

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Shantir Ogrosena, a 10-day multinational military exercise in which troops of four countries including India participated, culminated on Monday at Bangabandhu Senanibas (BBS), Bangladesh. The armed forces of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Sri Lanka along with observers from the US, UK, Turkey and Saudi Arabia among others participated in the multilateral UN-mandated counterterrorism exercise.

The aim of the exercise was to strengthen defence ties and enhance interoperability amongst neighbourhood countries to ensure effective peacekeeping operations, the Indian Army said on Monday. The armies of all participating nations shared their wide experiences and enhanced their situational awareness through robust information exchange platforms.The exercise was held from April 4-12 to mark the birth centenary of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the golden jubilee of the liberation of Bangladesh. 

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SOURCE: Express News Service

Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, will visit Bengaluru on Thursday as part of his three-day official visit to India, starting from Tuesday.On Thursday, the last day of his India visit, Le Drian will travel to Bengaluru, where he will highlight the Indo-French cooperation on health and biological sciences at the Bangalore Life Sciences Cluster (BLiSc) and visit the Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) at a time when the decades long Indo-French space cooperation is embarking on new initiatives.

He will meet investors and CEOs of major Indian business groups to promote France as an attractive investment destination. Le Drian will also speak at an event dedicated to enhancing Indo-French ties in technological innovation. The event will be attended by representatives from the French tech community in Bengaluru as well as Indian and French tech companies.

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