SOURCE: Bangalore Mirror
India’s Venus mission, which is being planned for launch by the end of this decade, is making a slow but steady progress as a study team has submitted its inputs addressing various options and opportunities for the mission.
The study team’s inputs will be reviewed by the Advisory Committee for Space Sciences (ADCOS) for further consideration. Meanwhile, the call for scientific proposals, through an Announcement of Opportunity (AO) to conduct space-based experiments has been made to Indian scientists. “After the selection process is over, the definition of mission and its budget will be worked out,” said Jatinder Singh, Minister of State, PMO.
Replying to a question in the Rajya Sabha during the ongoing monsoon session of the Parliament, Singh said that Rs 10 lakh has also been sanctioned for the project.
Following the success of the Mars Orbiter Mission, ISRO had also planned a mission to the Planet Venus.
In April, the space agency had called for proposals from Indian institutions to conduct experiments in Venusian atmosphere.
The space agency, in an announcement of opportunities addressed to all institutions in India, had called for scientific proposals from those involved in planetary exploration studies, development of science instruments for space, and who are willing to develop the experiments.
As per preliminary details about ISRO’s mission to Venus, the payload capability of the proposed satellite is likely to be 175 kg with 500W of power.
“However, these values are to be tuned based on the final configuration. The proposed orbit is expected to be around 500 x 60,000 km around Venus. This orbit is likely to be reduced gradually, over several months to a lower apoapsis (The point on an orbit farthest to the orbited body),” ISRO had said.
Venus is often described as the “twin sister” of Earth because of the similarities in size, mass, density, bulk composition and gravity.
It is believed that both planets share a common origin, forming at the same time out of a condensing cloud around 4.5 billion years ago.Venus is around 30 per cent closer to the sun as compared to Earth, resulting in much higher solar radiation.
Exploration of Venus began in the early 1960s. Venus has been explored by flyby, orbiter, a few lander missions and atmospheric probes.