Federation of American Scientists (FAS) which are made of Nuclear Scientists and works to promote safer and more secure world by developing advanced solution and Technology for nuclear security and to educate public and policy makers in its report ” Nuclear Dynamics in a Multipolar Strategic Ballistic Missile Defense World ” says that transfer of M-11 missile by China to Pakistan in 1992 and 1994 was the trigger behind India to develop Ballistic Missile Defence system .

According to the report, India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) took first steps in research in mid 90’s due to the transfer of M-11 missiles pose a significant threat because being solid fuel short range, this missile was quicker to launch and more mobile then SCUDS used by Iraq in 1991 Gulf War .

FAS reports state that for India to protect large Metropolitan areas, India will need Area Ballistic Missile Defence rather than Point Ballistic Missile Defence because survivability of India’s nuclear forces depends in part on not revealing the exact location where they are stored and Area Ballistic Missile Defence is preferably then Point Ballistic Missile Defence. India’s two missile defence regiments can protect a total area of 400 square kilometres which could be sufficient to defend national capital region an additional Regiment could be needed for defence of Mumbai and other nuclear storage facilities however and national missile interception capability is behind India’s economic means asserted the report.

Growing China nuclear capable Ballistic missiles have also influenced India’s decision to develop Ballistic Missile Defence system in addition to Technology transfer between China and Pakistan has spurred India’s desire to desire to develop Two-tier BMD system due to the geographical placement of these two countries with respect to India.

The report also added that India’s no first use policy of nuclear weapons has been viewed as branding of India has the responsibility Nuclear Power state that requires nuclear weapons for deterrence purpose only but in last few years a new debate has been arising on whether India is shifting from is no first use policy. Report citing claims made by Vipin Narang a professor in MIT who earlier had commented in March 2017 that India could consider the use of nuclear weapons first in a third circumstance as a preemptive counter force attack if India has reason to believe that Pakistan is preparing a first strike against it.

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