My Take


Beijing for long has ensured that Taiwan has starved of defense weapons while it continues to sell weapon systems to all neighbors of India especially Pakistan and Bangladesh which are to be used against India in the possible full-fledged war and yet, China continues to disregard sales of such offensive weapons like Submarines and missiles in the neighborhood while Taiwan is solely depended on the United States for its weapon purchase while other countries have been bullied by China.

Recent clashes in Galwan Valley of Ladakh is India’s opportunity to create a two-front situation for china which is particularly sensitive about Taiwan declaring its independence from China. India needs to first establish a diplomatic relationship with Taiwan and later offer the sale of weapons to Taipei which many countries have refused to supply them in the past. Continue reading


Tender documents floated by State-owned DRDO shows that work on VL-SRSAM (Vertically Launched -Short-range Surface Air to Missile ) System based on Astra beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile has begun and tender documents call for interested parties to submit bids of VL-SRSAM missile integration Jig. has been informed that VL-SRSAM will be developed in two variants for Air Force and Indian Navy. The air force will get high mobility Truck-mounted canister based VL-SRSAM and Navy will get Canister based VL-SRSAM for its frontline warships which will replace ageing Israeli supplied Barak-1 Point Defence interceptor missiles which were procured after India ended its Tri-service Trishul SRSAM program in 2006 due to technical issues. Continue reading


Pakistani Analysts have criticized Prime Minister Imran Khan for not openly supporting China after clashes with India in Galwan Valley of Ladakh. analyst in the televised debate said that ” Khan Saab has time to poke Modi on Indian Lockdown measures but is silent on twitter regarding support to China on Galwan Valley clash with India”. , another panelist said that provoking India at this time when temperatures are high can be counterproductive for Pakistan and it can backfire as Modi might order strikes in Pakistan due to which Khan is mum on this matter.

Another panelist argued that if Pakistan doesn’t stand with China at this moment when it is facing global isolation due to the COVID-19 situation it will also stay away from Pakistan in any possible conflict with India in the future. Continue reading


Ghulam Rasool Galwan, a Ladakhi explorer from Leh, was the first to explore the course of the river. In 1892.He was part of a British expedition team that was exploring the areas to the north of the Chang Chenmo valley, when they ran into this previously unknown river valley, which was later named after him. This is one of the rare instances where a major geographical feature is named after a native explorer.

As it happened that on a mission with Dunmore Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore, he was part of a group that hit a wall of tall mountains and steep gorges with no possible way out. The 14-year-old boy, Ghulam Rasool Galwan instead went ahead to search for a possible route out. To everyone’s surprise, he found a relatively easier passage through the ravines that helped the expedition to go ahead without much difficulty. Impressed, Dunmore Murray decided to name the newfound passage through the edge of water naming it as Galwan nullah or river. Continue reading


Capture of Inner Mongolia 1934– How China subdued and captured the inner Mongolia region in past few hundred years is well known. When mongols living in those areas rose against oppression of Chinese monarchs, they were brutally overpowered with men, little kids murdered, women sold to slavery. Chinese claim over inner Mongolia, is mostly related to long march done before WW2 by the communist army when they were on the run from pursuit by Chiang Kai Shek’ Republic of China army.

It is mostly in inner Mongolia that they found refuge to recover themselves. Even in modern times, after end of WW2, when the mongols of Inner Mongolia were trying to assert their legitimacy, they were brutally suppressed. Can the Chinese government wash its hand off sin to brutally suppress the mongols of Inner Mongolia? Continue reading


In the events leading upto the current standoff in Ladakh region it would be wise to try and understand some important incidents in the second half of the 20th century regarding China. There are several prisms through which the nature of Chinese intrusions can be viewed. However I shall focus on one theme only which is to understand the reasons as to why China resorts to these sudden provocative maneuvers seemingly out of the blue and whether there is a precedent to it. We need to look back at some major incidents that occurred in the 1960s to see some parallels to the happenings of the past few years which have culminated in the current faceoff.

Throughout the 1960s the changing geopolitical situation and China’s own domestic political changes led to increasing border issues cropping up between China and the Soviet Union in the Manchurian region amongst other regions. As the Chinese increasingly started claiming several areas which were controlled by the Soviets, incursions became common with even chinese civilians crossing the border to confront the soviet border patrols. Continue reading


Deception is an art in which the dragon seems to have acquired great mastery. The recent standoff seems to be a grim reminder of how two large trading nations can still come to loggerheads thanks to hegemonic attitude and unilateral belligerence. Troops both from India and China were caught in eyeball to eyeball confrontation at Galwan, Pangong Tso and Naku la with differing accounts coming in media and wait for official joint statement of disengagement on all stand off locations still on.

These are not merely frontier locations but highly strategic points where the PLA has made strategic incursions. Experts do differ in the assessment of how deep Chinese incursions are, but ,have certainly voiced concerns at the presence of Chinese troops there. Now, the obvious question must be why so concerned about this confrontation as perception of LAC both in the eastern and western sector differs and such acts keep on taking place. It is so because this time incursions did not take place based on difference in perceptions but in areas where the PLA has long believed it’s claims did not lie, especially the Galwan valley. This valley was witness to Indo China clashes during 1962 war. The way the PLA brought in heavy machinery and armament raised certain valid questions Continue reading


Indian Army might be the only branch in Indian Armed Forces which continues to equip itself with imported weapons, from assault rifles to Main battle Tanks, Indian Army has made very little space for indigenous products while Air force and Navy are now starting to focus much more in support of indigenous weapon systems while our Army Generals are yet to move away from their bias import friendly mindsets.

IAF which once upon a time was called Import Air Force for a reason, now has three active fighter jet programs which will make up at least 60% of the fleet in the next 30 years which for the first time, air force will be moving away from the imported fighter jets. ALH, LUH, IMRH, and LCH Helicopters will ensure that the Helicopter fleet too is also largely indigenous in the next decade or so while the Indian Army is yet to become Atma-Nirbhar in Main Battle Tank space while locally developed Arjun tanks continue to wait for puny orders which come once in a while. Continue reading


First the Chinese Virus and then Military standoff in Ladakh, But the Modi government has failed to take any aggressive stand against China while public sentiments against China continue to grow with many Hardcore supporters of the Nationalist BJP Party are now questioning governments lukewarm response to both the situations in the country.

Many governments have taken a hardline stand on Chinese virus spread and many have gone head and even blamed China for the spread of the virus which not only has destroyed economies but also has killed over 4 lacks death worldwide but Modi government has not demanded any investigation into the origin of the virus nor it has made itself clear if the virus was mad made as claimed by many virologists all around the world. Few Indian scientists who made such claims have either deleted their Facebook and Twitter post but some have even backtracked from their previous assertion and findings. Continue reading


Pakistan Air Force (PAF) last month took delivery of one more Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft, which is fourth Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft which PAF has inducted Since 2019 Balakot airstrike was conducted by Indian Air Force (IAF), arch-rival PAF now has a fleet of Seven Saab 2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft and four Shaanxi ZDK-03 Karakoram Eagle Airborne Early Warning and Control System which  takes total to 11 Airborne Eye in the Sky of the rival airforce while IAF fleet still stands at 5.

IAF operates 2 DRDO developed Embraer mounted Netra AEW&C and three Phalcon AWACS mounted on IL-76 aircraft. IAF has plans to induct 2 Phalcon AWACS mounted on IL-76 aircraft and in the next 10 years has plans to induct Six Airbus A330 AWACS based on DRDO’s Netra technology on rotodome 360-degree coverage and Five C295 Netra AEW&C with its side-looking 240-degree coverage beam radar. Continue reading


As India and China stare down each other in various locations in Ladakh and various other locations across LAC, it is all about how well Indian tiger is prepared to take on the Chinese dragon. Not only is China numerically at advantage against India, in terms of troops but its weapons systems are also vast and numerically more than that of India.


Add to that that the physiological advantage of having captured over 38000 sq. kms of Indian territory in Aksai Chin and being gifted 5200 sq. kms of territory in Shaksgam valley Karakoram tract by Pakistan. Not to mention the slow creeping capture of territory in Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim by first sending in the nomads to graze cattle and sheep and then moving in the troops to permanently capture the grazing lands. Continue reading


Twin Engine Deck Based Fighter (TEDBF) Program cleared by Modi Government will cost Indian Taxpayers less than Rs.13,000 crores in Research & Development cost which will include 4 Pre-Production Prototypes and yet it will be cheaper than what it could have cost India if these jets were acquired from aboard, especially if Navy had pushed to acquire 57 jets under its “Multi-Role Carrier Borne Fighters” Tender.

Rafale M per unit flyaway cost in 2011 was reported to be around $89 million, which was flyaway costs per unit, minus its weapons package but with today’s inflation, it could easily be over $120-150 million per unit and F-18 E/ F in its latest Block-III version is estimated to be around $100 million flyaway costs per unit, which could still make TEDBF quite a cheaper option for the Indian Navy since Indian weapons package for the jet will be way cheaper than French and American weapons package which cost almost like a new jet. Continue reading


Zorawar Singh Kahluria was a general of the Dogra dynasty of Jammu, who were a vassal of the Sikh Empire. A subordinate to Dogra ruler Gulab Singh, his legacy of conquests in Himalaya Mountains include Ladakh, Tibet, Baltistan and Skardu. It is because of his exploits he is sometimes referred to as the “Napoleon of India”.

Early Life and Career

He was born in September 1784 in a Hindu Kahluria Rajput family in Kahlur (Bilaspur) state, of Himachal Pradesh.His family migrated to the Jammu region where, on coming of age, Zorawar Singh first took up service under Raja Jaswant Singh of Marmathi (modern Doda district), and then Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu. He was placed under the commandant of Reasi fort (Bhimgarh fort),he found about financial waste occurring in the fort administration, and boldly presented to King Gulab Singh his scheme to effect savings. Gulab Singh was impressed by Zorawar’s sincerity and appointed him commandant of Reasi, and later governor of Kishtwar and given title of Continue reading


India is on the path to develop a 25 tonne Twin Engine Deck Based (TEDBF) Fighter jet for Indian Navy and as per information coming in, which will be powered by Two F414-GE-INS6 afterburning turbofan engines manufactured by General Electric which generates Dry Thrust of 58 kN and Wet thrust class of 98 kN, which in Twin engine configuration will mean that TEDBF will have an excellent TWR or T/W ratio when compared to aircraft in its class.

Rafale M and Mig-29K are only other two carrier-based Twin-engine fighter jets which will be in the same class as TEDBF when it is ready. Rafale M is powered by the M-88 engine which generates a Dry Thrust of 50 kN and Wet thrust class of 75 kN, while Mig-29K is powered by RD-33MK ” Sea Wasp ” engines generates a have Dry Thrust of 50 kN and Wet thrust class of 88 kN. Continue reading


India has given Clearance to start Country’s fourth active fighter jet project recently which too will be powered by American F-414 afterburning turbofan engine, making it India’s third jet to be powered by an American engine made by General Electric company. India’s Tejas Mk1A jets will be powered by F404-GE-IN20 afterburning engines and Mk2 and TEDBF will be powered by F414-GE-INS6 engines.

IAF and Indian Navy will be looking at 300+ Jets which will be powered by American engines and equipping nearly 40% of your fighter jet fleet from a single-source vendor is also gamble which can backfire on India if the country doesn’t work in developing alternative engines for this fleet. Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadauria in recent media interview urged DRDO to develop a local engine with a foreign vendor and is it likely Defence ministry too will agree to fast track successor to the Kaveri program soon even though previous talks with French and American engine tech giant have failed to conclude a joint venture proposal. Continue reading

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