My Take


Leaked Internal documents suggest that development of WS-15 and WS-19 engines for its J-20 and J-31 5th Generation Stealth fighter jets is nowhere close to entering mass-scale production and will remain as experimental engines after Chinese engineers couldn’t resolve multiple technical issues with the engine and as per leaked documents both engines will be produced at small scale at a rate of 3-5 engines per year from 2020 till 2026 while both J-20 and J-31 continue to fly with under-powered engines of Russian origin.

China’s first Stealth fighter bomber J-20 which has entered scale production with PLAAF is still powered by Russian supplied AL-31F engines and some are equipped with WS-10B engines which are based on the CFM-56 aero-engine imported from the United States in the 1980s. Both AL-31F and WS-10B engines can generate 130-140 kilonewtons class of thrust but J-20 requires engines that can generate at least 180 kilonewtons class of thrust each due to which WS-15 engines have been in development for last few years. Continue reading


After being snubbed by stiff US export control laws on sharing of 5th generation fighter aircraft technologies, Japan has taken upon itself to develop most of the technologies required for the development of a 5th generation fighter jet to be called F-3 while it continues to induct American made F-35 Stealth fighter jets in good numbers.

According to latest media reports, F-3 design will be only confirmed in 2020 but it will much bigger aircraft then X-2 Shinshin Advanced Technology Demonstrator aircraft which flew in 2016 and many defense analysts predict that Japan is going for an F-22 class fighter jet which means it could have an MTOW of over 35 tonnes and to meet power demands of such Heavy class stealth fighter jet, Japan as developed and begun testing of XF-9-1 low-bypass turbofans developed by Ishikawa Heavy Industries (IHI). Continue reading


India’s first combat jet HF-24 ‘Marut’ is now long forgotten that many of my countrymen continue to doubt capabilities of our engineers and scientists when country talks about developing upgraded Tejas Mk1A, Mk2, TEDBF and AMCA combat jet programs making India the only country after china to have so many new fighter jet programs in the world for the first time that many are wondering are we are thinking of running before even we could walk?

HF-24 ‘Marut’ had created an Aerospace Industry which could have not been in a coma if the successor programs could have got approvals of then government and the users. my countrymen tend to forget that while HF-24 suffered due to under-powered engines it performed well and was prematurely retired from the force due to the availability of cheaper jets from foreign countries. Continue reading


From HAL’s initial quote of Rs 463 crore ( $64.5), the Price for final contract price has now fallen to Rs 310 crore ( $43.6 ). In September media reports had hinted that 417 crores ($58.1) per unit cost in fly-away condition minus its weapons system was agreed upon but as per the latest report by Business Standard, price agreed is Rs 310 crore ( $43.6 ) which is good 32% cheaper then what was quoted by HAL before price negotiation committee was formed.

In comparison to its competitor in the segment, AESA equipped Tejas Mk-1A is still cheaper than Gripen C which costs $63.4 million per unit without AESA Fire control Radar which is only offered on its Gripen E Model which has per unit cost of $85 million. The current deal includes 73 Single Seater Tejas Mk-1A and 10 Tejas Mk1 Trainer. IAF already has placed orders for 8 Tejas Mk1 Trainers in first order for 40 jets which will be manufactured along with 10 more Trainer ordered by IAF first before Tejas Mk1A delivery starts in 2023. Continue reading


” In a time of war, truth is always replaced by propaganda “, After being caught pants down by the United States and India on use of 8 F-16 post-Balakot airstrikes, new images have surfaced on Internet where Two PAF JF-17s have been shown with Kill marks of Su-30MKI and Mig-21Bis which has been used to further their lie that F-16s were not used in air battle with India even though debris of the AMRAAM fired were recovered and seriel match confirming it belonged to Pakistani F-16 fleet.

PAF awarded Mig-21Bis kill to wing commander Nauman Ali Khan who was flying F-16 (Tail No 731) but kill marks have emerged on Chinese made JF-17s which lacked any such capabilities to fire American made AMRAAMs. Second Fake Kill claimed of Su-30MKI by Squadron leader Hasan Siddiqui flying F-16B (Tail No 606) loaned from Combat Commanders School (CCS) also has been awarded to another JF-17 aircraft. Continue reading


Jetlease Palm Beach which is the largest private aircraft leasing company in the world is selling 80’s made F-16A/B Fighting Falcon acquired from Jordan for sale at a unit price of $8.5 million per unit, which according to the company has not been demilitarized and is Block 20 Mid-Life-Update jets which can be put back into service if required.

The chatter in the Pakistani defense community is that Pakistan Air Force (PAF) might or already have approached Jetlease Palm Beach to purchase this jet and along with other three similar jets that are with the company and are for sale. Continue reading


Russia and India have agreed to lease an Akula class submarine to the Indian Navy for 10 years to be inducted as Chakra III possibly from 2025 onwards to replace the Chakra II submarine already in service with Indian Navy from 2012. K-322 Kashalot which was commissioned in the pacific fleet of Russia in 1988 is much older submarine than the current Chakra II in service with India but will come equipped with modern systems.

Amur Shipyard will be in charge of overhaul and modernization of the K-322 Kashalot before it is delivered to India in 2025. according to Russian media reports K-322 Kashalot has been in Amur Shipyard from 2014 for a major overhaul but was held up due to lack of funds. Russia had offered India K-322 Kashalot in 2015 to replace Chakra II which will complete its 10-year lease in 2022. Continue reading


Right after India’s Defense Ministries recent procurement of 464 T-90 tanks from Russia in a deal worth over Rs, 13,500 crore comes news that upgraded Arjun Mk1A with vast improvement from its previous version has cleared all Army trials successfully and it is likely, Indian Army will soon issue orders of intent for the second batch of 118 tanks over 124 Mk1 already ordered in 2004.

Previous order for 124 Mk1 came almost 15 years ago and the production line has been lying vacant from 2010 onwards when the last of the Arjun Mk1 Main Battle Tank had left the assembly line from Heavy Vehicles Factory located at Avadi in a southern state of India. Each Arjun tank costs more than twice the amount of Russian T-90 MBT in service with the Indian Army due to small batches of the order placed by the Army. Indian Army was expected to place orders for 118 units of Arjun in 2011 but instead asked for 72 improvements of which 14 were major upgrades specifically requested by the army due to which fresh trials need to be conducted and upgraded Mk1A undergone elaborate field trials all over India before it was finally cleared in 2019. Continue reading


After the consistent and reliable performance of the indigenous Akash Surface to Air Missile (SAM) System, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has decided to place an order for seven more squadrons of the Akash SAM System over six squadrons which were ordered in 2010 but just when DRDO, BDL, and BEL are on verge of getting the biggest order for the missile system, program has been hit by a report which shows missile system in really bad light especially on the units which have been procured by the IAF and those which allegedly are positioned near China border.

As per the report, the missile system remained dysfunctional during 90 percent of the time since their date of commissioning but has per number of missiles fired in Ex- Vayu Shakti 2019 and in Crossbow-18 the report says that Akash Missile System refused to take off in one launch but forgets to mention that it also successfully intercepted and destroyed unmanned aerial targets every time when tested in 11-day Combined Guided Weapon Firing exercise it surpassed all expectations and was judged better than imported SAM missile system also proved its performance capability and reliability while report says ‘Akash missile system can’t be trusted during war’ so can we trust imported SAMs which didn’t perform well too ? Continue reading


Pakistani Deep state has hanged Two individuals for spying for the American CIA. According to media reports, Pakistan Army’s Brigadier Raja Rizwan (retd) along with lead missile Scientist named Wasim Akram of the land-based Shaheen-II and Shaheen-III surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile who worked for Islamabad-based National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) which itself has been based on China supplied M-18 [DF-15].

According to media reports, Wasim Akram who was a metallurgical engineer played a crucial role in the local production of the Chinese M-18 ballistic missile in the county and was also vital in matting of the Pakistani nuclear weapons in the weapon system. He was recruited by Central Intelligence Agency to provide crucial details of both the missile system including details of its classified payload and range. Continue reading


MBDA Missile Systems announced that Meteor beyond visual range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) will be integrated into the Republic of Korea Air Force’s (RoKAF’s) future KF-X fighter aircraft. MBDA has been awarded the contract for integration and trials campaign by Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) which is a nodal agency for the development of a 5th generation fighter jet in Blocks over the years.

According to Hanwha Thales, a local defense firm which won the preferential bidder for the radar development in 2016, announced in 2017 that Israeli firm Elta will be its consultant in the testing of the indigenous radar developed by Hanwha Thales but insisted that ELTA will be limited to provide support to the sophisticated technology to test an AESA radar system and integrate it with aircraft. Continue reading


According to a report prepared by the Delhi Defence Review (DDR), Russian Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23 twin-barreled 23 mm autocannon gun which is locally manufactured by Ordnance Factories Board in India will be going through integration trials onboard LSP-7 LCA-Tejas Mk1 aircraft from early 2020 after gap of 5 years of the first initial ground trials, which were carried out in Nashik in 2015.

DDR reports say that apparently due to lack of ammunition of the gun. trials onboard aircraft was held up which now has been procured by the ADA but other reports had hinted that IAF and ADA had jointly agreed to keep certification of GSh-23 autocannon gun out of the Final Operational Clearance (FOC) phase due to time consuming flight trials which need to be carried out for its certification. Continue reading


According to recorded bird strike data, nearly 75% of bird strikes with an aircraft happens at or below 500 feet above ground level (AGL) and therefore within the airport environment. For every 1,000-foot gain in height above 500 feet AGL, the number of strikes declined by 33% With the airport environment being suspect in the majority of wildlife strikes, this becomes logical to invest in Aircraft Bird strike Avoidance Radar system for real-time detection, tracking and alerting of hazardous bird activity at commercial airports, military airfields, and military training and bombing ranges.

When a Mig-29KUB took off at speed of 400kmp from INS Hansa Naval base, It was hit by a flock of birds at a really low level while it tried to gain height. While Mig-29KUB is a Twin-engine aircraft and could have carried out emergency landing back in the base but to its bad luck it was hit on both the engines and aircraft was rapidly losing altitude before it crashed on Verna plateau near the base. Continue reading


A Twitter user (sarab@sarabpal_singh) has posted an image of a scale model displayed by the DRDO at a local exhibition which could be the first instance of proof of the existence of the 90’s Mythical Surya Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) each with multiple nuclear warheads. CIA in its report on India’s ballistic missile development for the first time had mentioned that India plans to use the lower stage of its PSLV Satttleite launch vehicle to develop an ICBM that will be capable to hit a target over 8000 km in the mid-’90s.

DRDO never confirmed or denied the existence of such ICBM but the Surya ICBM due to media coverage attended mythical status even though over the years Agni missile family created long-range missile which was capable of hitting both target deep in Pakistan and China. Continue reading


Fresh satellite photos have emerged showing Pakistan has deployed Chinese made JY-27 ‘Wide Mat’ long-range early warning radar which China claims to have stealth aircraft detecting capabilities up to 500 km and once even tracked framed American F-22 Stealth fighter while on its ferry flight to South Korea to attend a military airshow.

JY-27 radar deployment in Pakistani side of Punjab at M.M. Alam Air Base which is approx 550 km away from India’s key Ambala air force station where a squadron of Dassault Rafale fighter jets will be based suggests that its deployment is purely an air defense coverage of its own air space since radar is over 300km deep inside Pakistani territory and only in full scan power mode will it breach 200 furthermore inside Indian air space. Continue reading