My Take


After the procurement of any modern weapon by Indian Armed Forces, Pakistani Government gives a one line answer that they have Tactical Nukes (TNWs) which are made for the battlefield to counter Indian cold start doctrine. In reply, Indian side has made it clear that if Pakistan uses a single TNW on Indian troops, we will retaliate with a full scale nuclear strike. But in reality, the chances of India doing so are very slim even if Pakistan uses a TNW and that is why India is investing heavily to create a multi-layered missile defense system.

To protect its major cities, India is in the process of buying S400s from Russia. India is also working on perfecting its own BMD System. Apart from that, India already has S300s and other missile defense systems which can stop a ballistic missile. But if India decides to move these systems along with the conventional forces in a cold start doctrine, it will lead to risking the multi billion missile defense systems under immense irrational threats which can be dealt easily with cheaper alternatives. Continue reading


Agni-V can be dubbed as first Indian weapon system which was called “China Centric” and caught the attention of the world and peaceful rise of India has a Regional Super Power which was moving away from being Pakistan centric mindset and started focusing on its larger regional rival in the east which had started breathing fire near its border .

Since then India has slowly but steadily has made remarkable progress from shifting its Military and Weapons development doctrine from Pakistan centric to China Centric to enable its armed forces to fight an effective possible two-front war. India is not trying anyway to match Chinese conventional which is to have minimum deterrence to provide forces with enough firepower to hold any attack. Continue reading


Kindly read Part-1 to know the background of this Article

Background to India’s quest for 5th Gen fighter

Indian Air Force needs 42 Squadrons of it sanctioned fighter jet fleet to keep itself fighting fit for possible Two front war with China and Pakistan, But Question still remains what percentage of this fighter jets will be based on 5th Generation fighter jets? , Well IAF could love to have a fleet of a 5th generation all making up required 42 squadrons but that is simply not possible due to various reasons but many Defence Analysts will confirm that there is an Internal mechanism in place which decides what percentage of jets IAF will maintain.

Informal Rule has been that 30% of the jets will be of Advanced and Frontline jets while 40% will be Upgraded yet modern Fighter jets and lower tier will make up 30 % which comprises of older and obsolete jets if same logic is adopted for future IAF then IAF will require at least 30% of 5th generation and 40% of 4.5++ Generation fighters and another 30% of 4++ Generation aircraft. Continue reading


France and Germany have announced their intention to work together to develop a new advanced “European” 5th Generation fighter jet which will be the successor to the France’s Dassault Rafales and Germany’s Eurofighter Typhoons. France and German are planning to come up with a Road Map by Mid of 2018.

European fighter jet is still in infancy and a clean slate program which India has been looking for long to help its workforce get enough experience in design and development of advanced 5th generation fighter jet so that it can be helpful to develop its own 5th generation AMCA fighter aircraft. Continue reading


Agni-VI !!! What’s that? Never heard about it . were the actual words used by DRDO chief Dr S Christopher when asked by media about Agni-VI Program a few months back, while Government and DRDO continue to refuse to confirm or deny existence or development of successor of Agni-V, Chatter around seems to hint that India is just a few days or a few months away from surprising the world by testing China Centric Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in coming days.

Agni-5 India’s first China Centric ICBM recently turned 5 and also underwent its fourth and final test-firing last year and will now undergo at least two user-trials by the tri-service Strategic Forces Command (SFC) before it enters full-scale production and induction, which has lead to wide-scale speculation among Defence and Nuclear analysts worldwide on possible debut of Agni-VI pretty soon . Continue reading


Six months ago, Modi Government appointed a three-star officer to look into different aspects of the multi-billion dollar fifth generation fighter aircraft (FGFA) programme to co-develop a stealth fighter with Russia, since then nothing much has been confirmed or denied about it by government officials in the media nor discussed in recently concluded Modi’s visit to Russia .

FGFA programme was first contacted in 2010 and preliminary design stage was completed in 2013 after spending Rs 1,500 crore but even after seven years project has not made any headway’s while Current Government is preparing to hand out a 100 fighter jet deal to American Companies to dump their 40-year-old F-16s in India. Continue reading


Earlier this year Pakistan confirmed first successful test of the submarine-launched Babur missile. dubbed Babur-3, Pakistani have been very vocal that Sub-Sonic Babur-3 is a Nuclear capable Cruise missile which can carry a tactical nuclear bomb up to 450 km towards its target and it completes Pakistan’s nuclear triad.

Pakistan also has developed Air-launched cruise missile (ALCM) Raad which can also carry a nuclear warhead up to 350km and recently Pakistan also confirmed the development of Raad-II which has improved range of 550km. Pakistani Military has made it clear that to complete its Nuclear triad their go-to weapons will be Subsonic cruise missiles which pose real threats to targets even in India, which bring out a new level of threats since they are harder to detect. Continue reading


Recent crash of Indian Air Force ALH Druv Helicopter in Arunachal Pradesh while aiding local administration at the time of Arunachal Floods some time fails to gauge the risk a Helicopter crew takes while flying in toughest terrain in our eastern sector where bad weather is 365-day affair and dense jungle and high altitudes test best of the skills of the Man-Machine combination when flying in this extreme conditions .

Not only Helicopters are a lifeline but also sometimes only means of transportation to reach the eastern side of the India which still has poor road mobility and if the need arises for emergency Military Redeployment or when pressed into service in case of civil disaster, Helicopter is frontline assets which will be deployed on this side of India . Continue reading


While India remains Top importer of weapons in the world and No Arms and Defence equipment manufacturer, Small or big can afford to stay away from any Tender or Request for Information issued by Indian Military for their requirement which always provides opportunity for established players to continue their domination in Indian defence sector and new players opportunity to enter in lucrative Indian Defence market .

But emerging trend for last few years has been that Defence equipment manufacturers are becoming not so hastened to respond to tenders issued by Indian Army in particular due to technical parameters requested by Indian Army not only falls short on their developed equipment but technically is also not possible, resulting in trials where equipment in question is falling short by a mile to meet technical parameters issued by Indian Army . Continue reading


What is Happening

 Where is it

Since the past few weeks a lot is being said about the Doklam plateau standoff between India and China. So why is the plateau so important to India when it is actually a territory controlled, administered by Bhutan. Many things are being said about the standoff with most placing the area right at end of funnel (above pic) when in reality Doklam plateau is on the right , a little above in the hump.

 Why China wants it

China wants to control Doklam plateau as controlling the flat area will allow its long range rocket artillery units to move around swiftly and counter the imposing presence & complete dominance of Indian Army in west and south and Bhutan in east. It will also allow China PLA to target the Siliguri corridor, a scary proposition for India as that will potentially cut off the entire North East India from Rest of India. Continue reading


China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) for past few years has been carrying out high altitude trails of a mystery tank which was described as a new light tank, last year in an arms exhibition for the first time Beijing officially acknowledged and showcased Xinqingtan light tank to the world.

The 35-tonne Xinqingtan tank which comes with a 105mm main gun and a 12.7-millimeter machine gun. Powered by a 1,000 hp 8V150-type engine which has been fine-tuned to operate at high altitude where there is an issue of lack of Air and while the tank comes with basic Armour and crew protection which cannot MKII as world class in any way. Continue reading


Amid a crowd of media articles penned down by paid journalist with a vested interest, lack of limelight given to India’s local development of LCA-Tejas Mk II which was supposed to replace a large bulk of Mig series of fighter aircraft in India is missing and this is not a good for the project since many vested individuals do want  Mk II scraped to promote single engine import fighter jets like F-16 and Gripen E .

DRDO already has lost the support of Indian Navy on the development of carrier-based LCA-Navy  Mk II and Navy is now more interested in the development of Naval AMCA 5th generation fighter aircraft and has vocally opposed any need for LCA-Navy MK1 in its current avatar or its proposed LCA-Navy  Mk II variant. Continue reading


Lot has been written and said in Indian media on how the delivery of Armed Heron TP Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) from Israel will bring in a considerable jump in a long overdue capability for Indian air force which has been Long overdue.

Armed drones have been hogging limelight from Syria to Afghanistan and have been used in many operations where key leaders of Al Qaeda and Taliban have been killed. For many Armed drones is like deploying special forces units behind the enemy lines with much lesser risks and without the need to of intervention from manned fighter jets but in Indian context armed drones especially like Heron TP are of limited utility. Continue reading


Former chairman of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) R K Tyagi, speaking at Make in India Awards 2017 said that recent deal between Tata Advanced Systems and Lockheed Martin to manufacture F-16 fighter jets in India if it wins a contract from Indian government then it should also have Transfer of Intellectual property rights not just Transfer of technology and Country should look for then what India received from Russia for India’s front line Sukhoi-30MKI fighter jet.

Tyagi said that F-16 deal with Private Indian defence partner should be not limited to just Transfer of technology but also should involve mastering of technology along with Intellectual property rights which will allow modification or enchantment of technology without OEM Permission in future. Continue reading


India’s state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight-tested the indigenously designed Unnamed Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) for the second time within a month, clearly indicating speedy developmental trial of the missile been implemented which was developed in fast track mode.

DRDO-designed QR-SAM missile uses solid fuel propellant and has a stated range of strike range of 25-30 km. Truck-mounted canister makes the missile system increase the mobility of the missile system ten fold over Akash Air Defence System and there are also many other factors which hint that QR-SAM missile will be game changer missile system for Indian Armed forces and will be bigger Success then Akash Air Defence System. Continue reading