My Take


Recently an article published on a prominent international newspaper where an author precisely narrated China’s intentions behind Galwan Valley clash & the current ongoing stand-off along LAC. If we simplify Chinese narrative “China wants India to curtail strategic military partnership with USA, Withdraw from Indo-Pacific group, QUAD, LSA, COMCASA & abrogate Military exercises with US military including Malabar exercise. India should endorse Chinese leadership & hegemony in South Asia & succumb its sovereignty over Gilgit-Baltistan & POK by joining OBOR (CPEC). RCEP, gives up Arunachal Pradesh if it doesn’t want to get hurt by China on Himalayas.

Chinese doesn’t like India to be a competitor to them in near future which would pose a security threat to their interest in South Asia as well as in Indian Ocean. Therefore, a weak India makes china play their game in comfort zone. As Chinese believe themselves belong to a superior race, they want Indian PM to bow his head down before their supreme leader to accept their legacy like former PM Manmohan Singh did. India should make CPC happy even it takes to sign free trade agreement with them& hand over 100% FDI to Chinese companies in all 9 major core sectors so that communist can exploit India’s natural resources”. Continue reading


Junagadh a city in the western Indian state of Gujarat, nearly 200 km away from the border with Pakistan caught many Indians poor knowledge and background history of the area when Pakistan government announced new Political maps recently which included the former princely territory of 160 km² area ruled by the Muslim Babi dynasty in British India.

Jinnah’s Queen, King, and Pawn’s theory were well explained by then Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, where Jinnah eyed King (Hyderabad), Queen (Kashmir) and the pawn (Junagadh) as areas which will expand further areas of Pakistan over what was already agreed as per partition terms. Many years later Junagadh and Hyderabad continued to be showcased in Pakistan’s Political map and somewhere in the mid-’70s, Pakistan quietly gave up claims on the former princely state of Hyderabad, which was in the heart of India, while political map still carried Junagadh but since it was missing from the administrative maps of Pakistan not many Indian knew about it. Continue reading


Aerial refueling is a process of transferring fuel from a refueling aircraft (usually called as Tanker) to other military aircrafts (referred to as receiver aircrafts). It is also sometimes called as in-flight refueling (IFR) or air-to-air refueling (AAR). Tankers are considered as Force multipliers since they give tactical advantages[1].

In some cases, range and load become a dilemma as these two depend on fuel. If an aircraft takes off with high payload then there is a considerable drain of fuel affecting the combat range but Aerial Refueling can allow an aircraft to take-off with maximum payload, once airborne the aircraft can be topped up thereby increasing the combat range. Sometimes, high speed is important for a mission, Aerial Refueling can eliminate such low fuel concerns [1]. To understand the advantages of Aerial Refueling in simple words consider that time taken to land, refuel, and again to take-off is reduced, hence the mission time can be increased. The refueling systems are mainly of two types, Continue reading


India has an approximate 7517 km length of coastline [1], considering its strategic geographical location from the perspective of its proximity to international waters, global trade routes and the increased geo-political activities in the Indo-pacific. India has a greater role to act in the region, hence it becomes important for India to be very vigilant beyond its exclusive economic zone (EEZ).Keeping in mind about the increased Geo-political activities, let us now analyze the situation that whether India need an amphibious aircraft?

Indian ocean is an important link in the global trade with 80% of China’s energy needs passing through the Malacca strait [2]. Also, Beijing’s exports passing through the same strait. Malacca strait is the main shipping channel between Indian ocean and Pacific Ocean. Hence this strait becomes a choke point [2]. China is heavily dependent on shipping lanes both for its energy and economic activities. Till the Beijing proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) becomes its preferred trade circuit, for example China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which Beijing primarily intends to bypass the Malacca strait. With rapid expansion and modernization of People Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), Beijing is becoming increasingly assertive and its venture has increased in Indian ocean, such as conducting surveillance and navigation, frequent submarine deployments [3] across its string of pearls bases spread in the region encircling India [4], but may be these activities by large are to gather intelligence. Continue reading



China’s new Shenyang J-16 multirole fighter jet which is based on Russian Su-30 Flanker-C multirole fighter has been gaining traction with the People’s Liberation Army Air Force, or PLAAF of late and production activity indicates that jet which was first introduced in 2014 as seen fast track production of this type and even quieter induction in PLAAF while Worlds focus remains on Chinese 5th Generation fighter jet programs.

For long, Indian defense analysts have dismissed PLAAF’s Su-27 and their copies J-11 as nothing but inferior and also took dig at the Su-30MK supplied to PLAAF by Russia which is heavily downgraded export model which is technologically not comparable with the IAF’s Su-30MKI fleet which due to its Indo-Western equipment had edge over PLAAF’s Original and Copied Flankers until J-16 came along with much superior spec sheet at least on the paper. Continue reading


20 years after Kargil War and over 15 years after Circus which IAF with help of Defence minister ran for years, We are yet again planning to restart great Indian Fighter Jet Tamasha where every Tom, Dick, and Harry will be sending in their fighter jets for evaluation minus China so that IAF can waster another 2-3 years in Technical evaluation of this jet, then declare a winner and when MOD sees the price of each jet it will waste another 2-3 years in price negotiation round then walk out of the deal citing the high cost of purchase and its again back to ground zero, even if price negotiation and the technical round is completed in next three years it means it could require another 3 years to set up a local manufacturing plant and another 2 years before the first aircraft is out of the assembly line.

In short, this circus will go on for the next 7-8 years and might even repeat itself if IAF doesn’t get its favorite Toy which is Dassault Rafale at the end. Since this circus will now be bigger due to the addition of F-15EX and Su-35, it only confirms that fighter jet selection is becoming a herculean task since either party in MOD and IAF have no clue about what they want, It’s like a customer walking into each car showroom in the town and still coming out clueless because he still doesn’t know what he wants and what is his criteria. Continue reading


Astra Mk1 with Active RF seeker has moved from the developmental stage to the production stage after both IAF and Navy agreed to procure 248 missiles along with 50 which were ordered first a new milestone for the homegrown Beyond Visual range air to air missile technology in the country. While the country waits for DRDO to hold on to its promise and deliver even a longer range Astra Mk2, it has now come in a foray that the DRDO is also working on Astra Passive imaging IR seeker variant which might be ready much before Astra Mk2.

IR guidance has long been the predominant mode for the short-range AAMs, with radar guidance preferred for longer-range weapons. Astra IR along with Astra RF this means that fighter jets will be able the option of ripple-firing two missiles one radar-guided and the other IR at the same target to sharpen the defensive challenge for the target aircraft. Since IR seekers are passive and do not emit signals, like active radar seekers there is a reduced chance of detection by the target aircraft’s defensive aid suite. Continue reading


Prat Kumar, Boeing’s Vice President and Program Manager for the F-15 said the company is eyeing India as another potential customer for its slowly-evolving 114-fighter jet requirement. Why Boeing thinks F-15EX will help it win in India for big! is still a mystery for many in India but USAF purchase projection for a minimum of 144 F-15EX jets at around $ 88 million per unit contract having a ceiling of $22.89 billion, shows that Legacy jet made in the 70s is still relevant in 2020 and will continue to remain even in 2050 with major upgrades.

F-15EX is the most advanced Eagle to date, which builds on the F-15QA that is in production for Qatar, and F-15EX is supposed to have a useful life of an amazing 20,000 flight hours and dramatically reduced hourly operating costs compared to the legacy F-15 or the F-35A. F-15EX will be fitted with the same Raytheon AN/APG-82 Active Electronically Scanned Array radar that is a derivate of the AESA Radars which were developed for 5th generation platforms. Continue reading


Media reports coming out of India, suggests that Indian Army is scouting fresh for New Light Tanks due to hostile deployment of ZTQ-15 light tank operated by the People’s Liberation Army Ground Force near LAC after bitter Two-month standoff in the region which saw first combat casualties in 45 years in the region for both countries.

A request for information (RFI) issued by the Indian Army in 2009 does shed some light on what the Army will be looking for in the Light Tank requirements. RFI called for 200 wheeled and 100 tracked advanced light armored vehicles for use in semi-mountainous and mountainous regions in the North and North East, developed and semi-developed terrain in the Western borders and the island territories. Continue reading


The Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA)’s LCA Team will be getting their hands-on, Now Written off Russian-manufactured, MiG 29K combat aircraft of the Indian Navy which had crashed while it was trying to take off Due to the malfunction, the aircraft could not take off and sustained damages to the airframe and fire damage to its airframe. Aircraft after the incident was examined if it can be repaired back and after examination, with a Russian team it was declared Cat. 5 which means ” aircraft is damaged beyond economic repair”.

Navy has confirmed that TEDBF which is new Twin-engine Fighter Jet ADA is developing for the Indian Navy to be operated from decks of aircraft carriers will be replacing its 45 odd Mig-29K fleets from 2034 onwards with TEDBF, it also has confirmed that Navy is not too happy with the fleet and will be retiring them in less than 18 years from them entering service and already has lost two aircraft in accidents in last four years after their induction. Continue reading


From Light Battle Tanks to Anti-Tank Missiles, From Assault Rifles to air defense missiles, Sudden rush to buy more weapons under
“Emergency Purchases” tag has made many wonder why only border crisis promote the purchase of weapons for the forces and who ” Make in India ” Claim on defence system is fast turning out to be a Hoax which seems to have not moved from paper to reality even after Modi being in power for 6 years now.

Purchase of Barak-8 Air Defence System from Israeli inventory only shows that process of the Make In India is yet to go in full speed while deals are announced in a jiffy it takes months if not years for these deals to materialize in reality. Spike ATGM was supposed to be interim purchase before DRDO developed ATGM was to enter production which is yet to begin its User Trials after completion of its developmental trials. why there were delays in user trials is yet to be explained by same Spike ATGM which was purchased earlier under emergency purchases are being procured again as Emergency purchases. Continue reading


The procurement process for an additional 21 Mig-29 and 12 Sukhoi Su-30MKI which IAF will start getting in the next three years. Purchase of additional Mig-29 and Su-30 to argument current fleet and also buff up aircraft lost in the accidents over the years is a cheap and effective way to stabilize your fleet numbers which have been plummeting due to lack of procurement of newer fighter jet in last two decades.

A question that often crops up of late is why IAF is not planning to procure extra Mirage-2000s? Why the Poster Boy of Kargil war and Balakot Air Strikes is not been procured, actually IAF has been in talks with its counterparts in French Air Force to procure two additional conversion two-seater trainer jets to replace two trainers which were lost in previous accidents but that’s where the bucks stop and this could be last purchase after IAF procurement of 10 Mirage-2000 planes in 2004, taking the total tally to 50 jets. Continue reading


Turkey tested Russian-made S-400 air defense systems on US-made F-16 fighter jets in November 2019, a source close to the Turkish defense industry told Russian Media agency “TASS”. On November 25, 2019, CNN Turk reported that various aircraft, including F-16 fighter jets, were scrambled near Ankara to test S-400. The Turkish military tested the communication between the air defense systems and the aircraft during those exercises.

Turkish Air Force F-16 and F-4 fighter jets carried out Low Level and High altitude flying to testing S-400 system back then to check if the missile system could be tracked and searched in long-range and both 91N6E surveillance and acquisition radar and the 96L6E air search and acquisition radar working in tandem was able to detect F-16s at long range with missile getting firing clearance soon. Continue reading


South Korean aerospace and defense company Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) issued an image of the first KF-X fuselage, which is undergoing assembly in the company’s Sacheon factory. KAI says that the prototype of its Korean Fighter Experimental (KF-X) multirole fighter aircraft will be rolled out in April 2021 with the first flight planned in 2022.

The first mass-produced KF-X aircraft, which comes in Block 1, between 2026 and 2028 will be equipped with limited air-to-ground weapons in addition to air-to-air weapons and No Internal Weapons Bay and slowly in the Block 2 KF-Xs, which will be series-produced from 2029, will come to a host of 5th generation fighter capable of performing full air-to-air and air-to-ground combat missions. Continue reading


It was 15th July 1962 when PLA withdrew its troops from Galwan valley, then attacked India on 20th Oct 1962. The Narrative of Hindi-Chini Bhai-Bhai was punctured after Sino-India war 1962. But some communist in india wanted to maintain this narrative to stab India again. Chinese attacked again in 1967 at Nathu La & got a bloody nose with 400 Casualties. After Nathula Clash, Sino-Vietnamese war in 1979 was the testimony of Chinese military’s weakness on battlefield. PLA soldiers were trapped in Jungle warfare tactics perpetrated by Vietnamese army which led to death of 30-40,000 soldiers & their face to the world.

China’s humiliating defeat was a success story of Vietnamese Mountain as well as Guerrilla Warfare. With such Debacle, PLA was forced to retreat & packed their luggage back to China. But the Galwan valley conflict on 15th July & Chinese retreat from PP14, PP15, Hot Spring doesn’t go in vain of many Indians. The war in 1962 was a lesson taught to us by Chinese that they could stab u back at any time of their chosen. So, we shouldn’t get excited that Chinese got downgraded. Bullying is psychological attitude of Chinese Scoundrels. Our Media should act & report sensibly. No need to exaggerate this. Continue reading