Afghanistan love affair with Mi-25/35 Hinds can be traced back to early 70’s when Soviet union supplied early models of Mil Mi-24 Attack helicopters which were found quite effective against Mujahideen guerrillas . when Soviets intervened in Afghanistan in early 80’s equally competent where Soviet Pilots and equally gained a fearsome reputation among guerrillas who nicknamed it ” Shaitan-Arba ” which translates into Satan’s chariot .

Hinds in Afganistan flew with impunity and Mujahideen with early western supplied Shoulder-launched heat seeking missiles had little success to their credit but it all changed when CIA started supplying next generation American FIM-92 Stinger MANPADS to Mujahideens which were highly effective aginst Hinds and literally forced Soviets to change their tactics . Continue reading


Larsen & Toubro (L&T)-Samsung team were recently declared winners of Indian Armies self-propelled tracked howitzer contract under which Army had made plans to procure 100 155mm howitzer guns mated to tracked Chassis and final agreement between India and L&T-Samsung for the K-9 Vajra-T self-propelled howitzer will be completed within next two months .

But nearly 15 years ago Indias’s DRDO had successfully mated South African state-owned Denel 155mm / L52 howitzer gun with Arjun MBT derivative chassis successfully which had also cleared Indian Army trials when before it could enter production corruption allegation against Denel meant it was blacklisted by the Indian government Continue reading


With work on first Domestic Aircraft Carrier INS Vikrant (IAC-1) mostly likely to be wrapped up by end of next year , Indian Navy is finally spelling out the design specification of the second indigenous aircraft carrier IAC-II Vishal, ground is being prepared for moving ahead with the project for the most advanced and heaviest Indigenous warship ever to be built in India .

Shipyard in South will be modernised in phases to built IAC-II which will have a displacement capacity of 65000 tonne as against 40000 tonne of IAC-I current being built by Cochin Shipyard. Continue reading


” Shifting F-16 Production line to India and forecasting its export and making India spare hub for F-16 is a pure marketing strategy to ink Indian deal for legacy F-16s ” lambasted Defence Analyst Ranesh Rajan while speaking to .

” We all know post-2018-19 Lockheed Martin will be shutting down its Fort Worth facility due to lack of orders for its legacy F-16 combat jet, shifting production line from Fort Worth to India is only going to save Lockheed tonnes of money since it will be free up its own facilities and same tools and machinery we will be transported to India for new production line and using India for further export orders to seems clever marketing selling point ” said, Rajan. Continue reading


Induction of C-17s have made remarkably Improvement in IAFs strategic lift capability but the bulk of transport is actually done by tactical transporters like An-32 and Avro aircraft which are not only both ageing and becoming absolute assets but are also facing severe serviceability issues which have deteriorated considerably lately .

Missing An-32 and patchy overhaul and modernisation of An-32s by Ukrainian company and lack of procurement of new transporter to replace Avro has exposed crippling deficiencies in medium lift capabilities of Indian Air force which have started to hurt airforce with a spate of accidents . Continue reading


Depleting squadron strength , rising procurement cost of modern combat jet all point to new trends which has been emerging lately as air force around the world has accepted only if Indian Air force could follow these trends along .Increased use of unmanned systems , cyber warfare and stealth will dominate air wars of the future and operational status of Indian air force needs to be assessed in such realistic scenarios .

IAF no doubt currently is facing draw down of its flying assets and this downwards slide likely will continue well past 2025 and the need is to make a realistic assessment of what can be achieved with such depleted forces and how true force multipliers capacity can be acquired without blowing up your budget. Continue reading


India yet again has withdrawn tender worth more than $1 billion for the purchase of six A330 multi-role tanker transport (MRTT) aircraft with Airbus . this is the second time India has rejected Airbus offer of A330 MRTT since platforms were deemed too expensive by the finance department and not economically viable to operate due to high operational cost .

A330 MRTT twice emerged victorious over Russian offer of IL-78 tankers and scored heavy in technical evaluations round and proved its reliability due to its high operational availability hovering around 80-88% when compared to Six IL-78 procured earlier by India , which has been heavily criticised by Comptroller and Auditor General of India for its low operational availability due to poor supply of spares . Continue reading


While India and United states are still holding negotiations on the sale of Maritime variant of Predator drones for surveillance and reconnaissance missions in Indian ocean Region , In a major thrust to provide a further boost to the indigenous capabilities, Indian Navy has decided to back indigenous UAVs and UCAV Programs as per latest media reports .

Navy and DRDO are currently working on the development of Automatic Identification System (AIS) for Rustom-1 to monitor international maritime boundary line (IMLB) between India and Sri Lanka and have initially agreed to place orders for 10 MALE Rustom-1 when UAV is ready to enter production , even though Rustom-1 was to be just a Testbed for larger Rustom-2 , Navy found some merit to further develop it with DRDO for their usage while Indian Army and Indian Air force stayed away from the program. Continue reading


Indian Army has launched a fresh hunt for new-generation Assault rifles all over again to replace INSAS 5.56mm rifles which will be technologically superior weapons . The tender which is likely to be re-floated will see an initial requirement for 66,000 Assault Rifles out of the much larger requirement of more than 2 lakhs assault rifles .

The last tender floated was send to nearly 43 overseas vendors but due to stringent requirements laid down under GSQRs (general staff qualitative requirements) by Indian Army saw only 5 vendors responding positively to armies tender but this time Army has dropped plans to acquire Assault Rifles with interchangeable barrels so this time tender might see more responses . Continue reading


According to a report prepared by, India bound French Dassault Rafale fighter jet will be armed with Meteor Air-to-Air missiles which are active radar guided beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) being developed by MBDA.

Meteor is the next generation Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM) system designed to revolutionise air-to-air combat in the 21st Century which offer multi-shot capability against long-range manoeuvring targets in heavy electronic countermeasures (ECM) environment with a range in excess of 100 km. Continue reading


The recent unrest in Kashmir after the encounter of terrorist Burhan Wani have given a chance to the so called human rights and separatists groups to point finger at the security forces for the use of excessive and disproportionate force, especially the use of Pellet guns and the grave injuries it has caused to protestors and stone pelters which includes women and children.

Terrorist sympathizers and countries like Pakistan are using this opportunity for their propaganda to internationalize the Kashmir issue and blaming Indian security forces for the high handedness and atrocities. Pictures of people injured by pellet guns, with grave wounds on their bodies and eyes are circulated across social media round the clock. So the question arises can the security forces have a better alternative to pellet guns? First there is no weapon as “non-lethal” but can be “less-lethal”. Continue reading


India purchasing 4 Tupolev Tu-22M3 Backfire for Indian Navy is again in the news lately after a Russian media reports . Indian Navy officially has not commented on this recent development but many Defence experts don’t believe India will go ahead with the purchase but India was, in fact, interested in their purchase nearly 15 years ago shows that India at some point of time did had plans to have a medium-sized maritime bomber for protection of Indian ocean Region (IOR) .

Tupolev Tu-22M3 Backfire medium bomber force in question here suffers from operational deficiencies due to its poor Soviet era build quality and lack of modern avionics . to top that spares shortage have crippled nearly half of the operational fleet in Russian Air force which has operational availability hovering around 40 % throughout its operational history with Russians . Continue reading


India’s plans to become the latest country to jump on the 5th-Generation bandwagon by Jointly developing FGFA based on Sukhoi’s T-50 Stealth aircraft might be delayed since India and Russia are pushing for development of Super Sukhoi upgrade package for its current fleet of Sukhoi-30MKI front-line jet which might up at steep price likely to delay FGFA programme .

According to media reports, agreement on Super Sukhoi upgrade package most likely will happen in next 6 months which is pegged at 8$billion to upgrade India’s entire fleet of nearly 270 Sukhoi-30MKI combat jets . Continue reading


World’s largest seaplane was recently unveiled by Chinese state-owned company Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) which many Strategic experts predict could be game changer for Chinese military in South China sea even though Chinese media as dubbed it has Search and Rescue plane and can also be used as fire-fighting freighter plane to fight forest fires.

AG600 is about the size of a Boeing 737 and can be easily converted to a maritime platform for Chinese military and be used as anti-submarine warfare (ASW) or as an Electronic intelligence (ELINT) aircraft to spy on Warships moving around South China sea or in IOR region . Continue reading


India’s much-awaited membership in the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) happened last month when India formally joined MTCR as the 35th member on June 27 . the immediate advantage of India joining MTCR regime will mean that it can buy systems and subsystems which can be used to deliver weapons beyond 300km and can use this component to build weapons which can be used to deliver conventionally and weapons of mass destruction over 500kgs to its target .

Immediate benefits of India’s MTCR membership highlighted by media reports is that India can now acquire HALE class Combat Drones from other MTCR countries and can also source many of the components and other systems used in such drones from members to develop India’s very own home-grown weapon systems , opening up wide range of possibilities for collaboration in terms of weapons delivering platforms without severe restrictions imposed earlier on India. Continue reading